This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Sceptical Argument. Can It Be Defended, Perhaps In A Limited Form?

2114 words - 8 pages

1. IntroductionThis essay centres around what it means to know something is true and also why it is important to distinguish between what you know and do not or can not know.The sceptic in challenging the possibility of knowing anything challenges the basis on which all epistemology is based. It is from this attack on epistemology that the defence of scepticism is seen.2. Strong ScepticismStrong scepticism states that it is not possible to know anything. That is we cannot have absolute knowledge of anything. This can however immediately have the reflexive argument turned on it and have the question begged of it: "If it is not possible to know anything then how is it you know that nothing is knowable ?". Strong Scepticism is therefore unable to be defended.3. A Definition of KnowledgeKnowledge can be said to be information that the brain has received that meets a certain set of criteria. When someone states that they know something they must also believe that, that something is so. If they did not believe in it then how could they take it in as knowledge ?, they would instead be doubtful of it and look for evidence or justification as to why they should believe it.Secondly for someone to believe in something they must also believe that it is true. If they did not believe that it was true then what is mentioned above would not occur.So, so far it is decided that knowledge should be true belief. How does one come to the conclusion that something is true however ?. We seek justification. The justification really is the most important part of the criteria because without it one cannot say something is true and therefore cannot say that one believes.This does however bring up the question of how does something become justified ?, do we hear it from other people ?, see it on the news ?. The justification of something really depends on its predictability. If something becomes predictable then it can becomes justified aswell. For example, I know that the sun will rise tomorrow is a fair thing to say because I believe this is so, I believe this is true, and I am justified in believing this due to my past experience* of the predictableness of the sun rising each day.The only problem with meeting the set of criteria laid out above is that one must use one senses to do so and as shall be shown in the next section they are not the most reliable of instruments.4. PerceptionsA persons sensual perceptions are generally their means of receiving information but how much can we trust our senses ?. Two examples of a persons sensual perception leading them astray are as follows.Two people are looking at a white object. The first person is looking at the object through a transparent red sheet and the other through a transparent green sheet. Neither person knows that the sheets are there so both come away with different conclusions and perceptions as to what colour the object in front of them is. (Cornman, Lehrer, Pappas, 1992, pp. 46-47)Another example is when two...

Find Another Essay On The Sceptical Argument. Can it be defended, perhaps in a limited form?

Examine the argument that places can be a source of inclusion and exclusion for specific communities

1367 words - 6 pages identity’. A concept that is more favourable is that ‘who I am’ is learnt and that it does change often over our life span. A contrary explanation is that personal identity is not completely separate from social identity. Including group/collective identies, for example gender is both a social identity and an important part of personal identity, the same can be said for identities such as working class, race/ethnicity. Furthermore, it applies to

Vicodin: A Prescription Medication That Should be Limited in Use

1008 words - 5 pages meds harder to obtain. By classifying Vicodin as a Schedule II drug, which means it has a high potential for abuse and can lead to severe physical or psychological dependence, Vicodin can only be prescribed in 90-day amounts before a trip to the doctor. Nurses and physician assistants will no longer be able to prescribe the medications. The FDA noticed that patients are abusing Vicodin in an increasing rate. The FDA is reducing the consumption

Human Relations: The Key to Personal Growth and Career Success. this one is written in outline form, can be formatted as a powerpoint presentation, a public speaking presentation or an essay

792 words - 3 pages has generated a climate of resentment and distrust.The rules for work are changing and we're all being judged, whether we know it or not, by a new yardstick---not just how smart we are and what technical skills we have, which employers see as givens, but increasingly by how well we handle ourselves and others..The Need for a Supportive EnvironmentHuman Relations, when applied in a positive and supportive environment, can help individuals achieve

Communication in Management: In The Workplace.What is communication? How can it be more effective? What types of communication exist? How can it be understood or misunderstood?

2376 words - 10 pages . It regulates relationships and may support or replace verbal communication" (Dunn). The reason actions have so much more impact in communication than verbal statements is because there are so many signals that can be sent in different ways in non-verbal communication.Non-verbal signals can play five roles when paired with verbal communication. Through repetition, they can repeat the message spoken. For instance, if a manager is saying audibly

Select one media example (this can be a ‘text’, an institution, an event…). Engage in a brief comparative analysis of it using TWO of the approach

876 words - 4 pages intimidation from the public through criticism. It seems very odd to apologize for a “grotesque, offensive” cartoon. By all means and nature cartoons should be grotesque, and to some extent offensive. Robert Edwards was sentenced in 1981 for “aiding and abetting, counseling and procuring the publication of material likely to incite racial hatred.” Robert Edwards work was transparent to say the least his conviction came after the publication of

Hunger and Malnutrition in the World: What Can be Done About it?

1204 words - 5 pages their rightful share of the Earth’s plentiful supply. One in every eight people in the world suffer immensely from hunger and malnutrition. One in every four of these are in Africa. There is an estimated two hundred and thirty-nine million starving men, women, and children in Africa. This number is increasing by two percent every year. These rates can be lowered, if not eliminated. It is possible for everyone to receive food. All it takes is a

The 1780s was a critical, developmental, and perhaps the most

463 words - 2 pages first attempt of the Founding Leaders of our country at self-government. Looking at the time before the Articles, it can be said that they were much needed. And once authorized, they proved to be the efficient form of government that America needed. Although time proved that it had weaknesses, the Articles of Confederation did provide America with an effective form of government.

How Far Can It Be Argued That Popular Culture Is Ideological: a Discussion in Relation to Feminism

2599 words - 10 pages `false consciousness' to the duped masses. It can also be seen as a site where meanings are contested and dominant ideologies can be disturbed. (Strinati.1995.216) Bibliography De Beauvoir, Simone. 1989. The Second Sex. New York. Vintage Books. Driscoll, Catherine. 2002. Girls: Feminine Adolescence in Popular Culture and Cultural Theory. New York. Columbia University Press. Fairclough, Norman. 1989. Language and Power. New York. Longman

Rights and Freedoms guaranteed in the Charter should be limited. They should not be absolute. Discuss

636 words - 3 pages "Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely." This quote says it all. Power certainly seems to corrupt as we have seen in the past and continue to see in the world today. But power itself can have a limit to it. On the other hand absolute power is bound to extend to the utmost disobediences of conscience.Rights and freedoms guaranteed in the Charter should be limited. They should not be absolute. Rights are the freedoms and

The Death Penalty: Can It Ever Be Justified?

1500 words - 6 pages /arguments/argument2b.htm. Death Penalty Information Center. “Innocence and the Death Penalty.” 2003. 2 Nov. 2003. Koch, Edward I. “The Death Penalty: Can It Ever Be Justified?” Current Issues and Enduring Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking and Argument, with Readings. 5th ed. New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 1998. 475-479. National Coalition to Abolish the Death

Choose a form of literary Criticism to which 'Paste' by Henry James can be giving a succesful reading

2037 words - 8 pages posed when considering honour, that rather than guilt being a major issue it is another vessel to which James can convey his opinions of appearance in the face of social norms. In regards to guilt it would take the form of Charlotte's instinct or subconscious motive as not wanting to be thought badly of in any way, just as Arthur's instinct was to angrily defend his step-mothers honour because he did not want anyone to think ill of his step

Similar Essays

Can Skepticism Be Defended, Perhaps In A Limited Form?

1983 words - 8 pages Can Skepticism Be Defended, Perhaps In A Limited Form? 1. Introduction This essay centres around what it means to know something is true and also why it is important to distinguish between what you know and do not or can not know. The sceptic in challenging the possibility of knowing anything challenges the basis on which all epistemology is based. It is from this attack on epistemology that the defence of scepticism is seen. 2. Strong

The Different Forms Of Tragedy. This Tragedy Essay Is About Different Forms Of Tragedy And How It Can Be In The Classic Form, Melodramatic Form, Tragicomedies, Etc

1200 words - 5 pages considered a dark comedy is because things are rather normal in the beginning and toward the end, Hedda realizes that the only way she can solve her problems is through death. Her problem is that her life is not the one she'd hoped for and the only way she knows how to escape it is to kill herself. This can most certainly be considered a tragic ending.Finally, The Qing Ding Pearl is an example of a melodrama because of the obvious conflict between

What Extent Can It Be Argued That Anti Semitism Was Deep Rooted And Widespread In Germany? Sixth Form, History Essay

4028 words - 17 pages Germany for a long time. However, it can be seen that while anti-Semitism was clearly present in the nineteenth century, there is also a large amount of evidence which suggests that anti-Semitic acts were hard to come by and more so hard to gain support for. The 1848 anti-Semitic riots in Germany were an obvious act against Jewish people, it can be seen that in larger German cities, the majority of attempts to 'incite the mob' failed16. If German

Songs Can Be Considered A Form Of Modern Day Poetry

1502 words - 6 pages the form of someone else or with the same person. This then could lead to the theory that this song was written to be compatible with everything that is loved i.e. a new job, new friend etc and that it often deteriorates through familiarity. Such depth in a song compares to the depth of a poem in terms of the hidden meanings and imagery. I believe that songs can be considered a form of modern day poetry as they often effectively use poetic techniques such as repetition, imagery, contrasting themes, effective word choice and climaxes. The two songs that I have discussed clearly possess and demonstrate these qualities and how effective they are.