The Scientific Method Essay

944 words - 4 pages

What is scientific method? Scientific method is a process which we find something natural world act as a models that can be confirmed scientifically. This process requires observations, collecting data and analysing data so that can be duplicated by the other scientists. For example, if we’re at new places or environment, we observe first through our senses to learn or adapt with the new environment. Then, we automatically make a hypothesis related to the observation. A hypothesis is a prediction or assumption. If the prediction is true, the hypothesis can be used as a tool for prediction, but it is not confirmed yet because it is from our mind (subjective)
Therefore, scientific method uses inductive and deducting reasoning in order to produce useful and reliable models of natural phenomena and nature. The reason of doing inductive reasoning is to develop a general hypothesis or theory, while the uses of a theory to explain specific results are what deductive reasoning meaning is. In 1637 René Descartes published his Discours de la Méthode in which he described systematic rules for determining what is true, thereby establishing the principles of the scientific method.
There are four steps in the scientific methods. First of all, an observation and description of a phenomenon. The observation is made visually and aided by apparatus. Secondly is making a hypothesis in order to predict what the result that we will earn is. Thirdly, test the hypothesis by experimenting, predicting and observation of the new phenomena that follow from the hypothesis. If the experiment is failed, then the hypothesis is rejected. Thus, the hypothesis must be rejected or be modified. Meanwhile, if the hypothesis is accepted, a theory based on the repeated verification of the results will be established.
According to the question, ‘science as the method of seeking truth about nature, agree or disagree?’. As we know, the outcome of scientific experimental is believed by many to be true. Different people have their own personal understanding, so the outcome might not be the same. Because different people, different opinion. So, by applying this method, it shows that it is the most helpful ways in order to sort out the truth from error. Scientific experimental will be done with the aid of scientific equipment. Thus, this will strengthen the outcome results.
For examples, in textile area, a designer will do some observation and learn about the environment in term of demographic, geographic, religion, culture and others. After that, the designer then proposes a hypothesis, which he/she believe and predicts that his/her product will be demanded by wide range of ages. A hypothesis makes some predictions/assumptions in future. If the hypothesis is proved to be true, then it can be used as...

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