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The Scientific Revolution Essay

1440 words - 6 pages

The Scientific Revolution was born between the 16th and 17th century. This paved the way for the advancement of knowledge throughout the years in all areas of scientific endeavor. On the other hand, in the 1950’s a revolution broke out which contributed in progresses in human sciences. Due to these improvements, the human race began to value scientific theories. Theories are quite difficult to demonstrate that they are true beyond a reasonable doubt since evidence today may be in agreement with the theory, but it is uncertain whether the evidences the next day or the day after that will coincide with it. With that being said, what makes theories in sciences so convincing? For a theory to be convincing it must be one that can easily gain the confidence of someone either through logic, reason, religion, or has a strong predictive power. It must also cohere with how the world we live in works as well as the people in it and whether or not it is backed up with a sufficient amount of evidences.
The scientific method is used to assist scientists in the development of theories. This technique sets apart natural sciences from human sciences. The theory is based on reason as a way of attaining knowledge which can be done by acquiring consistent data as well as data that can be reproduced. This is one reason why humans have a tendency of putting an extreme amount of confidence into theories. An example would be the atomic theory in Chemistry. The first step to the scientific method is to formulate a problem. For this example, the problem is, “What is everything made out of?” The next step is to formulate a hypothesis. This speculation was brought forth by John Dalton. He believed that everything around us consists of atoms. He reached this hypothesis because chemists during the eighteenth century began to discover chemical elements. He was one of those chemists. John Dalton suggested that these elements were made up something much smaller which led him to the conclusion that everything around us consists of atoms. The next step is to observe what is going on while performing the experiment and the final step is to conclude the experiment by basing it on the hypothesis created. Scientists over the years have repeatedly tested his assumption as well as other theories through multiple trials and yielded the same results. As a student of science, I have also used the scientific method in testing theories in both Chemistry and Physics, but not specifically on Dalton’s Atomic Theory. The results collected coincide with that of other scientists. This demonstrates the consistency of the data collected along with its reproducibility. It is also extremely difficult to disprove since the results produced over the years agree with each other and because it was tested multiple times. Up to this day it is still considered valid. Due to all the achievements brought about by the scientific method, more and more people are being convinced by these theories like these.
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