Discoveries and innovation during the science revolution played a very important role that turned out to be very beneficial to the Enlightenments early stages. During the seventeenth and eighteenth century the educated classes of Europe followed a strict religious foundation of values. The Europeans would soon change their world view to a primarily laical and scientific-based contrast. The development of scientific knowledge was the key cause of this intellectual change.
Most would say the push that triggered the scientific revolution began with the Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle. He created the Geocentric theory; “which stated that the Earth was the center of the universe and that the rest of the universe rotated around Earth (which was motionless)”( Fresno Unified). “Aristotle also stated that the planets around earth were moved by "gods"”(Wikipedia). The church was ok with this theory and didn’t reject it. This idea went on unquestioned until the 17th century. Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was the front of scientific discoveries. He questioned Aristotle’s theory, himself stating that he believed that the planets instead revolved around the sun. His ideas would mark the beginning of the scientific revolution. He stapled doubt into Christianity and the church, and people begin to question the universe around them. Although Copernicus’s theory was not completely correct, it formed a strong foundation for future scientists, like Galileo who expanded on Copernicus hypothesis and built the telescope.
Citizens all over Europe soon begin to hear about the newly discovered scientific approach Copernicus discovered. This lead to an explosions of ideas and new discoveries among the higher educated and scientist.
Tycho Brahe was a Danish astronomer whose observations of the planets provided the basis for Kepler's laws of planetary motion. Brahe's assistant Johanne Kepler also made his own 3 laws of planetary motion. Italian astronomer and physicist Galileo Galilei discovered the laws of motion using the experiment method and also the first to use a telescope to study the stars. “He also experimented with vacuums and showed that a feather and a led ball fall at the same rate. He laid the foundation for the works on gravity produced by Newton” ( Union County College Faculty Website). Galileo’s support of Copernicus’s theory rubbed the Catholic Church the wrong way and he made bad ties. He was called before the authorities of the Church and forced to declare Copernicus theory false or face death. Galileo chose the former. Galileo spent the rest of his life on his farm under house arrest. Even though Galileo was a caged bird, he still continued his scientific studies until the day he died.
Even with Galileo’s harsh imprisonment, scientific research still as was enthusiastic as ever.
Isaac Newton, an English scientist, created law of universal gravity. This basically explained the motions of the planets. “His mechanistic view of...