The Scientific Era brought out the greatest theories, ideas, and experiments that have transformed science itself. Budding new scientists with fresh minds, and a heart for science, wanting to give it a new beginning. A new beginning that would change the processes, the thought, and the experimentation.
The first scientist that lit this spark, was Francis Bacon. He devised a logical procedure for gathering information and testing theories. Francis created the scientific method. This new order of steps was the building blocks that made new scientific discoveries possible.
There were multiple scientists that followed Francis Bacon that achieved accomplishments in math, science, anatomy, and astronomy. Francois Viete put his thoughts towards math and was the first to use letters to represent unknown quantities. He invented trigonometry, a new form of math. However, the theories were what made the largest impact.
Copernicus was the first man in this time frame to study astronomy and enforce a new idea. The heliocentric theory. In the beginning, people believed in the geocentric theory. To the naked eye, the Earth didn’t appear as if it was moving. It looked as if the sun, stars, and planets revolved around the earth, making it the center of the universe. The geocentric theory was supported by the church and the people. When Copernicus introduced heliocentrism, it was unsettling. The church did not approve. If this theory was proven correct, their games and manipulation would come to an end.
Johannes Kepler proved Copernicus correct. He found that the planets and the Earth revolve around the sun and he proved it mathematically. Kepler proved that the planets orbit around the sun was elliptical. In 1615, he completed the first of three volumes of Epitome astronomiae Copernicanae(Epitome of Copernican Astronomy).
Galileo Galilei was another astronomer who believed in Copernicus theory and his scientific experiments. After hearing the ideas, he invented a more powerful telescope to study the planets, the stars, and the movements of the galaxy. Galileo discovered that the moon was rough with craters and mountains, disproving the medieval idea of a smooth surface. He paid a price for his actions and outspeaks though. The pope did not approve, and as a lesson, Galileo was tortured and put into house arrest to contain his outbursts.
However, Galileo was not the only scientist to be damaged due to theories. Vesalius was known as the father of modern astronomy. He dissected rats, cats, and dogs as a child. Vesalius was taught at a University, but he didn’t believe and trust in others theories. He wanted to test...