This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Scramble For Africa Essay

1348 words - 5 pages

The scramble for Africa represents the most thorough and systematic process of colonialism in world history. The European colonial powers managed to conquer and control almost the entire continent of Africa in a short, twenty-five year period from about 1875 to 1900. Some of the European states involved were already well-established global powers; the others were up and coming nations that desired to emulate and compete with the dominant imperial states. Various factors allowed for and contributed to the conquering of the whole of Africa by European states. The slow, but ever-growing European presence on the perimeter and the completion for dominance between the major European states acted as the platform for the inevitable quest for the middle. The obstacles brought on by indigenous resistance were no match for the European military might and technological superiority. The idea that indigenous territories were in need of Western intervention aided by scientific racism served to legitimize colonialism, especially in the face opposition within the imperial powers. The spark that set off the chain reaction of conquest was the Belgian occupation of the Congo by King Leopold II. Scramble for Africa was bloody and eventful end to the Long 19th century that was brought on by colonialism and that left the continent of Africa in a state of shambles up unto the present day.

Beginning in 1750 with the British occupation of India and culminating in 1914 with the Great War, The "Long 19th century" was a period that was bound by a theme of confrontation caused by colonialism and imperialism. Imperialism can be looked at as one nation's economic and political control of a territory. Colonialism would include the tenets of imperialism with additional cultural and social influences. Confrontations characterized by middle-class idealist throwing off the chains of their colonial oppressors swept the world as a backlash to political, economic, and social dominance. The British colonies succeeded in winning independence as a sovereign nation and the French Bourgeoisie overthrew the monarchy, serving as the universal model for revolution. The imperial powers of Europe were seeing their sources of raw goods disappearing as periodicals containing French ideals of liberty, fraternity and property reached the corners of the colonized world. Naturally, the European colonial powers needed to actively seek new untapped territories.

Only a small portion of the African coast had been colonized by the late 1870s, French Algeria and Senegal, Portuguese Angola and Mozambique, and British and Dutch South Africa were the only significant settlement holdings. The interior had yet to be conquered, however some information had been gathered by a handful of explorers. Dr. Livingstone had explored the interior in the interest of missionary work. Henry Stanley had collected geographical information on his journalistic quest to find the at large Dr....

Find Another Essay On The Scramble for Africa

To What Extent was the European ‘Scramble for Africa’ Driven by Economic Factors?

2337 words - 9 pages The ‘scramble for Africa’ was a phenomenon in the world between the years 1880-1914. The ‘dark continent’ was relatively untouched by Europeans up until this point, with few ports of control on the coasts in the west, which were remnants of the slave trade, and in the south, Britain held the Cape, taken from the Dutch during the French Revolutionary Wars. So, during a period of 30 years, it came to pass that almost the whole of Africa was taken

How the presence of european explorers affected the conlonial move in Africa during "the Scramble for Africa"

638 words - 3 pages he had lead an expedition to find, in 1871. "Funded by the New York Herald and the London Daily Telegraph, Stanley circumnavigated Lakes Tanganyika and Victoria, and navigated down the Lualaba and Congo rivers between 1874 and 1877." In 1878, Stanley explored much of the Congo, under the sponsorship of Leopold II, and claimed the part that de Brazza had not claimed for France.Before the age of exploration of Africa had finished, the "scramble

A better South Africa for the new South Africa

806 words - 4 pages A better South Africa for the new South Africa The Apartheid struggle is not an anecdote about a few black people that lived under a suppressive government; it is a story about millions of black people who suffered tremendously under the oppressive classification system of the National Party. It is a story about bloodshed, suffering and tears. It is a story that serves as a painful reminder of the extent that a group of people would go to ensure

The Demand for Electricity in South Africa

1621 words - 6 pages Introduction This report is based on the investigation and research on reducing electricity consumption of certain appliances and to improve energy usage at home. The demand for electricity in South Africa is increasing and it is exceeding electricity supply, research has shown that households contribute 15% to the countries total electricity consumption [1]. Efficient energy usage is very critical; electricity can be used very inefficiently

Why I left Africa for the US

839 words - 3 pages Why would a young Nigerian man want to leave Nigeria and come to America?Hitherto my arrival at the usa, I recall my feelings of being caught up in a reverie of years long past. My ambition of leaving Nigeria and coming to the usa was fervid and I wondered if it was ever going to come to pass.Nigeria is a country in west Africa, next to Chad, Benin, Cameroon and the Atlantic Ocean. The size of Nigeria is as big as four times the size of the

Nike's Advertising Strategy for the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa

2654 words - 11 pages It’s was no surprise that the momentum took place and heated up for the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. This particular tournament is the world’s largest and most-watched sporting event with 30 billion viewers over the course of the event. From a business standpoint, it’s the most important platform for sporting goods companies to market their brands. Brands are appealing to boost their profile and sales by tapping into the passion

Imperialism and the Conquest of Africa -History of the European conquest for Africa (1870-1914) -Brief overview of Imperialism in general -Key people in the European conquest of Africa

1472 words - 6 pages -men back home. Lord Frederick Lugard explained part of this justification in his book The Dual Mandate by saying, "These products (food supplies and raw materials) lay wasted and ungarnered in Africa because the natives did not know their value. Millions of tons of oil-nuts, for instance, grew wild without the labour of man, and lay rotting in the forests. Who can deny the right of the hungry people of Europe to utilize the wasted bounties of

The capital-intensive nature of the economy, high levels of market concentration and the high level of unemployment - are Marx's predictions coming true for South Africa?

2086 words - 8 pages In this essay I will attempt to illustrate how the capital-intensive nature of the economy, the high levels of market concentration and the high level of unemployment in South Africa are both related yet at the same time have many other independent variables accounting for them. I will compare this with the Marxian concept of economics, and will start by examining exactly what Marx's beliefs were and, therefore, how they lead to his predictions

Why has the Economic Crisis in sub-Sahara Africa Countries persisted for decades after their Independences? How can they solve the crisis? What le

1182 words - 5 pages 2009 transparency international corruption perceptions index which is the highest in the Whole of Africa. The government has put lot of money in its campaign against corruption. Posters at the airport state ‘‘Botswana has ZERO tolerance for corruption. It is illegal to offer or ask for a bribe’’ The government invested into programs to boost the textile, agriculture and tourism industries. It has created a program call Citizen Entrepreneurship

How and why did the apartheid system come into existence in South Africa and how was its existence maintained and enforced for so long?

1609 words - 6 pages these times. In 1488, the Portuguese first sailed past the Cape of Good Hope, eventually landing there and trading for food with people who called themselves Khoikhoi. It wasn't until the 1600s though, when the Dutch East India Company set up a base in Southern Africa, that the roots for what is today known as South Africa were put down. Initially contacts between the Khoikhoi and the new Europeans were peaceful, but over time the situation grew

Why has the economic crisis in sub-Sahara Africa states persisted for decades after their Independences? What lessons can be drown from successful

2253 words - 10 pages Why has the economic crisis in sub-Sahara Africa states persisted for decades after their Independences? What lessons can be drown from successful stories such as Botswana and how can they inverse the crisis? Many decades after their independences, Sub Saharan African countries (SSAC) still find themselves deep in economic crisis. After years of implementing different types of economic policies, the efforts have proven to be inefficient and

Similar Essays

The Scramble For Africa Essay

1664 words - 7 pages The Scramble for Africa is one of the best examples of colonization in world history. Europe alone managed to colonize the entire African continent in a period of roughly twenty five years, spanning from 1875 to 1900. The quest for power by European nations was only one of the driving forces for this race for colonization. The geographical location and the natural resources to be exploited in certain regions of the continent were important

The Scramble For Africa Essay

703 words - 3 pages European goods in great amounts, but the couldn’t have been more wrong. European business still needed raw materials from Africa, and they soon developed cash crops. The main source of wealth in Africa was copper and tin. These demands shaped the colonies of Africa. Ignoring the claims of African ethnic groups, kingdoms, and city-states, Europeans established colonial claims. This severely damaged Africa, and the nations of the continent continue to feel the effects of the colonial presence. The scramble for Africa changed all the world in more ways that one.

The European Scramble For Africa Essay

1024 words - 5 pages The scramble for Africa is a significant moment in world history that demonstrated the beginning of a great transformation for the Africans. The increase of European claims of African territories during the New Imperialism period and reflected Europe’s economic, social, and military evolution. The start of the 1880s provided for European rule a small part of Africa with areas largely restricted to the coast and small inland areas along major

The European Scramble Affected People In Africa

1022 words - 5 pages Partition of Africa The takeover of Europeans in all of Africa is the European Scramble. The treatment of Africans was sacrificed for the materials and goods needed by the Europeans. The mistreatment caused Africans to rebel even though sometimes their battles were not won. In thirty years European troops colonized Africa in search for natural resources due to the impact of the Industrial Revolution. As a response Africans were enraged that