The Search For Dostoyevsky In Crime And Punishment

2758 words - 11 pages

The Search for Dostoyevsky in Crime and Punishment

        Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky who is known as a great novelist wrote timeless classics such as The Idiot, Crime and Punishment, and The Brothers Karamazov, was not only a novelist, but a good psychologist who uncovered the secret sides of the human beings in a very effective way. His novels also affected Freud, Nietzsche, and Joyce. However there is one point that is a mystery. Did Dostoyevsky really reflect his own feelings, especially his fears, into the characters of his novels?

        Fyodor was born in Moscow on October 30 in 1821 in Hospital for the poor, the second of seven children. His mother Mme Marya Feodorovna and father Dr. M. Andrey Dostoyevsky whose surname comes from a small village, Dostoevo, came from the Lithuanian nobility. Dr. Dostoyevsky’s father was a priest in Ukrainia who wanted his son to be a priest like him. However, Andrey ran away from home to become a doctor when he was fifteen. He was accepted to the Imperial Medical-Surgical Academy in 1809, and continued his career in various hospitals. Fyodor’s only elder brother Mikhail was born in 1820, one year earlier than Fyodor (Troyat 37).  They lived in a small apartment on the hospital grounds for a long time. When Fyodor reached the age of thirteen, Dr. Dostoyevsky became a nobleman, and moved to Darovoe where he bought a small land about 150 versts.

        Dostoyevsky mentioned about his mother with a great love. According to him, she was a cheerful, warm and adorable person. He lost her mother in 1837 when he was about sixteen. His father, however, draws a contrast portrait with his mother. He suffered from headaches that affected his character deeply in a negative way. Although there was not enough information about his life, it is said that his headaches and nervousness come from epilepsy, which Fyodor also experienced later in his life (Frank, Seeds of Revolt 15).

        One of the most important unanswered questions about Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s life is the following: Were there any symptoms of the epilepsy that he suffered in later life? Only words Dostoyevsky said about his epilepsy crisis that he was the victim of an auditory hallucination when he was ten (Frank, Seeds of Revolt 25). Freud was curious about Dostoyevsky’s life and he wanted to strengthen his psychoanalytic techniques by using this novelist’s life experiences and finding a connection between the characters of his novels and himself. So he published his famous article, “Dostoyevsky and Parricide”. According to Freud, Dostoyevsky’s epilepsy is related with his childhood and with a tragic event in their family life. Freud meant by “tragic event” that his father punished Dostoyevsky under very serious circumstances owing to which Freud reaclaims his theories that a severe punishment for a childhood sexual crime (possibly a punishment for masturbation leading to the formation of an acute castration complex).


Find Another Essay On The Search for Dostoyevsky in Crime and Punishment

Crime and Punishment in the Elizabethan Era

1957 words - 8 pages Crime and Punishment in the Elizabethan Era In February, 1587, Queen Elizabeth had ordered her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scotts, to her execution to eliminate all possibilities of any threats to her throne. This event would reflect the relentless violence and unforgiving punishments of the judicial system in Elizabethan Era. Criminals during Queen Elizabeth’s reign in England, known as the Elizabethan Era, were subject to harsh, violent

Crime and Punishment in the 1650's

1179 words - 5 pages Crime and Punishment During the 1650'sDuring the 1650's if a person broke a law, it was considered a sin and the punishment was very severe in most cases, but now criminal law has developed largely due to increase of education. For example, in the Scarlet Letter Hester Prynne was charged for adultery, and her punishment was to wear an A on her shirt for the rest of her life. She also had to stand on the scaffold for three hours, and she also

Religious Influences in the Path for Redemption in Crime and Punishment

1511 words - 6 pages With the prominent focus in Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky being the path for redemption and the search for hope, a connection can be made with the religious influences throughout the novel. Such religious influences throughout the Christian faith can most prominently be seen in how the characters such as Raskolnikov develop. Needing a vessel to communicate and push these religious influences onto a struggling and tormented

The History and Evolution of Punishment for Crime

2630 words - 11 pages thoughts on the root of the crime problem, some believe that there is a criminal gene and some believe its all learned behavior, but it still seems today that even the threat of being put to death for a crime doesn’t stop people from committing them. In today’s society the ends outweigh the means and people will go to extreme measures to have a piece of the pie, so we must continue to try and deter these criminals through the threat of punishment

Guilt in Crime and Punishment

1274 words - 5 pages Guilt in Crime and Punishment   In Crime and Punishment, Fyodor Dostoyevsky tells a story of a young man that has been forced out of his studies at a university, by poverty. In these circumstances, he develops his theory of an extraordinary man (Frank 62). This conjecture is composed of the ideas that all great men must climb over obstacles in their way to reach their highest potential and benefit human kind. In Raskolnikov's life, the

Crime And Punishment In America

893 words - 4 pages Crime is something wrongfully done against another person, place, or thing. Too much of the wrong thing is being done in the fight against "vice and sin". Religion impacts laws in various ways, laws are based on religion and our religion instills in us, our morals. Since the morals of the community are what the laws are based on in turn religion has a great impact on the laws. Freedom for women revolutionized the employment for women, it

Themes in the Opening Passage of Crime and Punishment

1316 words - 5 pages initially this may seem a small number, each of the roles are described with sufficient fluidity and depth that the reader is provided with a strong case for where their sympathy should lie. Having said that, in 'Crime and Punishment', it is not so much a case of sympathy but that of the ability to relate in some minuscule way to any one of the characters. Dostoyevsky has portrayed them in such a light that they all possess those universal features

Dualism and the Double in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment

5607 words - 22 pages Crime and Punishment was the second of Fyodor Dostoevsky's most important, mature fictional works. It was first published in the conservative journal The Russian Messenger, appearing in twelve monthly installments in 1866. Dostoevsky left three full notebooks of materials pertinent to Crime and Punishment. These have been published under the title The Notebooks for Crime and Punishment, edited and translated by Edward Wasiolek. Dostoevsky began

Structure Paper for Crime and Punishment.

1252 words - 5 pages caught and the fact that this murder is not a crime at all.Chapter Seven: Rodion commits the murder. He kills Alyona with an ax. Lizaveta returns early and he also kills her. Rodion is upset with anguish and in quite a frenzy after the murder.PART TWOChapter One: Rodion is upset with himself for not locking the door and is worried about being caught. He is summoned to the police station and is convinced he is busted. However, is turns out he is

The Two Personalities of Raskolnikov in Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment

582 words - 2 pages The Two Personalities of Raskolnikov in Crime and Punishment Raskolnikov, the main character of the novel Crime and Punishment by Feodor Dostoevsky, actually possesses two completely contradicting personalities. One part of him is intellectual: cold, unfeeling, inhumane, and exhibiting tremendous self-will. It is this side of him that enables him to commit the most terrible crime imaginable - taking another human life. The other part of his

The Importance of Raskolnikov’s Dreams in Crime and Punishment

2511 words - 11 pages The Importance of Raskolnikov’s Dreams in Crime and Punishment The function of dreams has been theorized and debated by scientists, but there has yet to be a consensus as to why people dream (Payne and Nadel). Some dream theorists believe that studies on dreaming have not conclusively shown that dreams have any real purpose or significance. On the other end of the spectrum, there are dream experts that find dreaming to be essential to our

Similar Essays

Literary Techniques Used By Fyodor Dostoyevsky In Crime And Punishment

2039 words - 8 pages A Study of the literary techniques used by Fyodor Dostoyevsky in Crime and Punishment to convey the downfall and subsequent rise of the main character. "Crime and Punishment" by Fyodor Dostoyevsky is the story of a young student Raskolnikov and his need to murder an old woman to prove one of his many philosophies. The book begins with the murder, but the primary focus is on his reasoning and reactions before and after the act. It is

"The Chess Players" Book Three Chapter Five We Were Assigned A Chapter Of Crime And Punishment By Dostoyevsky Had To Find Major Motifs In The Chapter.

745 words - 3 pages a continuous motif through out the novel, but serving different purposes in its symbolism. In this chapter, it is the recurring excuse for things said and things discovered. Porfiry tells Raskolnikov of the "Six of them arguing in one room! And tanked up on punch, at that." (pg 254). It was in that state that crime as "a protest against the abnormal social order" (pg 253) was discussed. The idea sounds crazy- ludicrous, so Pomfiry excuses it with

How The Main Characters From "Crime And Punishment" Fyodor Dostoyevsky And "One Day In The Life Of Ivan Denisovich" By Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Cope Differently To Each Of Their Own Sufferings.

1530 words - 6 pages . The types of suffering are differentiated for each character and so is their own individual way of tolerating the pain. For example, in One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, the main character, Shukov, suffers due to the harshly cold conditions that he has to deal with in the prison camp. In Crime and Punishment, the main character, Raskolnikov, suffers from his guilt which he induces on himself when he realises that killing the old moneylender

Crime And Punishment In The U.S.

1070 words - 4 pages Crime and Punishment in the United States In the Bible, crime is called sin and harsh punishments are prescribed for committing them. In our society, crime is defined as a violation of criminal law, so no matter how heinous an act might be it is not a crime unless the criminal law has listed it and provided a punishment for it (Coleman, 322). There are many criminal laws on the books today that we might consider ridiculous, but at some