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The Second Viennese School's Approach To Composition

934 words - 4 pages

Over time, mankind’s music has developed from disorderly to orderly; tonal music was being one of the most brilliant chapters in the 17th century before Schoenberg’s big transformation of music. However, since the pioneer figure of Second Viennese School- Arnold Schoenberg began the atonal music, a new chapter of music composition has been created. Tonality collapse has been seen as the most important step towards music at the late 19th and early 20th century.
People tend to swap gingerly between Wagner’s extremely vague composition technique, Scriabin’s mystic chords and Schoenberg’s atonal chords as formulated by his ...view middle of the document...

Berg and Webern’s styles were both distinguished from Schoenberg and each other. Their creativeness in composing music enabled the start of the Second Viennese School. (
Schoenberg not only created the 12-tone technique but also conveyed the unique concepts of atonal music, such as symmetry reflection and complementary notes, closed systems and shifting collection of structures. This allowed his colleagues such as Webern, Berg and other fellows to sharpen their ideas in different levels of atonal music in the future and combine these ideas with others’ ideas. From this point of view, the development of a sequence of thoughts is particularly remarkable for musical history, as it encompasses cooperation and the development of a variety of modern musical ways of thinking. Schoenberg and his followers at the time suffered a lot of challenges; people found their music elusive and hard to relate to and lacking a sense of melody. Even though the criticism has never stopped, these great compositions are still continued, researched and performed today, such as Suite for piano op.25 by Schoenberg, 5 movements op.5 by Webern and etc. The Second Viennese School brought a brighter opportunity for the composers so they no longer had to rely on traditional tonal system when writing music.
The twelve-tone technique changed the traditional method of composing music; in that it strengthened the logical approach to music composition. Many people misunderstood it as a simple mathematical formula to calculate permutation, but this claim has since been rendered false, as it doesn't make music composition much easier. The infinite possibilities of a twelve-semitones sequence results from an endless combination of the selected notes, particularly when fused with changes...

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