The Selection And Role Of A Jury In A Criminal Trial

946 words - 4 pages

The Selection and Role of a Jury in a Criminal Trial This assignment focuses on how a jury is selected and its role in a
criminal trial. The advantages and disadvantages of using a jury to
decide the outcome of a criminal case will also be considered.

A Jury is chosen at random, by a computer using names on the electoral
roll. The jury is made up of 12 people from all walks of life who have
no legal qualifications, jurors play a vital part in the legal system.

To qualify for jury service you must be between the ages of 18-70
years old, though if you are between the ages of 65-70 years old then
you can refuse.

Potential jurors must also have been resident for 5 years in the UKby
the time they reach 18 years of age.

Certain people are exempt from having to do jury service and these
include: Doctors, Members of Parliament, Police, Barristers,
Solicitors, Priests, Vicars, Member's of the Armed Forces and people
who are mentally ill. If you have done jury service within the last 2
years then you are also exempt.

Jury service normally lasts for about 10 days and loss of earnings
will be paid up to a maximum of £52.63 for the first 10 days and a
maximum of £105.28 for subsequent days.

In the past the jury used to be made up of people who had witnessed
the actual crime or people who knew the victim of the crime, this is
not the case today as the jury are now chosen at random so as to get a
fair cross-section of society who are not biased in any way.

It is the right of the jury to judge what the facts are, what the law
is and establish what was the moral intent of the accused.

The jury listen to the entire hearing and are allowed to take notes or
ask to have certain things clarified if there is anything they aren't
sure of, as it is extremely important that they have understood what
has been said so that they can later reach a fair verdict.


Find Another Essay On The Selection and Role of a Jury in a Criminal Trial

A Difficult Trial: Jury undecided Essay

586 words - 2 pages We the jury find the defendant, Not Guilty! Today is the last day of the trial. We have heard all of the witnesses and now we know that we must deliberate. I know that some of the “witnesses” are liars. Some make valid points and I know without a doubt in my mind that Captain Preston is an innocent man and that his men were provoked. As I listened to the witnesses, here is what I came to believe: The witnesses for the prosecution have very

The basic procedures of a standard American criminal trial...covers everything between indictment and sentencing.

2633 words - 11 pages 99 percent of the time. The jury, led by the foreman, gives the verdict to the judge in open court. If the verdict is guilty, the defense attorney may choose to 'poll the jury.' He asks each juror his personal opinion, and in a few cases, a juror's doubts re-emerge to cancel the verdict. This rarely happens, but if it does the result is a victory for the defense.A criminal trial is a complicated but closely choreographed event. Almost nothing

Intuition in A Jury of Her Peers

1301 words - 5 pages Intuition in A Jury of Her Peers        Though men and women are now recognized as generally equal in talent and intelligence, when Susan Glaspell wrote "A Jury of Her Peers" in 1917, it was not so. In this turn-of-the-century, rural midwestern setting, women were often barely educated and possessed virtually no political or economic power. And, being the "weaker sex," there was not much they could do about it. Relegated to home and

The Value Of A Jury System

1651 words - 7 pages Framers sought to install the right to trial by jury as a cornerstone of a free society. The Framers of the Constitution felt that juries -- because they were composed of ordinary citizens and because they owed no financial allegiance to the government -- were indispensable to thwarting the excesses of powerful and overzealous government officials. The jury trial was the only right explicitly included in each of the state constitutions devised

A Fair Trial? The Azaria Chamberlain Case (Australia). How did a jury of twelve people come to convict Lindy Chamberlain of her daughter's death? 24/25

2249 words - 9 pages evidence, conflicting interpretations of forensic evidence, questionable evidence by so-called experts, finding an unbiased jury after a trial by media, over zealous policing, and not all available evidence presented at the trail resulted in the guilty judgment.To begin, much of the prosecution's arguments in the Chamberlain trial relied heavily on circumstantial evidence. The Crown had been unable to produce a motive, a murder weapon, a confession

The Jury Selection Procedure in the English Legal System

1718 words - 7 pages philosophies. The independence of the jury from the judge was established in Bushell’s case (1670). A judge’s role is ‘master of law’. He is responsible for interpreting the law in the case, enforcing the law, deciding the sentence and passing it, guiding the jury and avoiding bias at all costs. Whereas, the jury is ‘master of fact’ and is the sole decider of innocence or guilt. A judge is forbidden from participating in

The Trial of a Slave

800 words - 4 pages The trial of a Slave 1850 there was a law that was against rape in the state of Missouri. This particular law prohibited any woman to be taken unlawfully by force against her will, menace or duress, and compel her to be defiled. The state of Missouri had an additional law which permitted women to use any deadly weapon or force to protect herself from rape which justified homicide. Although for Celia this law did not apply to her because she was

The Role and Powers of Lay Magistrates in Criminal Cases

1173 words - 5 pages , knowledge and understanding and lastly Activities – these will involve observations of court sittings and visits to establishment such as prison or a probation office. Additionally, lay magistrates may extend their initial three-day training course, so as to sit in the Youth court to direct trials involving young offenders. Furthermore, their role may extend to the appellate courts, in dealing with criminal appeals from the

Discuss whether trial by jury should be abolished in the English legal system? Critically analyse the advantages and disadvantages of the system.

2010 words - 8 pages Jury selection is laid down in the Juries Act 1994. While it is proven that there are reasonable alternatives to a jury trial and that there is no doubt that jury trial is both time consuming and expensive when compared with trial by magistrates or by a judge alone, however the right to a jury trial shall not be dismissed so lightly. The anti jury lobby deems the jury system unpopular the importance of which is considered only overrated. I will

Analysis of The Hanged Man's Bride, The Trial for Murder and Confession Found in a Prison

3638 words - 15 pages Analysis of The Hanged Man's Bride, The Trial for Murder and Confession Found in a Prison Introduction Based on my study of Charles Dickens, I have decided to focus upon three short stories to write about in detail. These are: The Hanged Man's Bride, written in 1860, The Trial For Murder, written in 1865 and Confession Found in a Prison, written in 1842. To enable me to understand the stories better and also Dicken's

A Hoax in Court: The Trial of Socrates

1726 words - 7 pages according to the rules of law or equity.” Meletus brought an elder man to court for corrupting the youth and for refusing to believe in the gods of the city. 501 Athenian male residents observed as the jury to magistrate and center their decisions off Meletus’s accusations and Socrates’ defense to pronounce Socrates as guilty. Who is to declare that a trial has gone through the correct procedure to fully come to a judgment of guilty or innocent

Similar Essays

The Jury And Its Role In The Courts Of Trial

2023 words - 8 pages determining the issues in dispute” (Ellis 2013, p. 133). In this essay I will be discussing the role of the jury system and how some believe the jury is one of the most important institutions in ensuring that Australia has an effective legal system, while others disagree. I will evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of a jury system. A jury system inquires fairness in a court case. A jury is “A group of citizens called to hear a trial of a criminal

A Dilemma Of The Jury Selection Process?

1875 words - 8 pages Have you ever been asked to serve as a jury member? Usually, most people have a negative feeling toward juror duty. Some of them might lack a full understanding of the important role of the jury, as they are not specialists in this professional field. The jury selection process also causes people to be impatient because, once prospective jurors are summoned in order to verify their impartiality, they have to be examined by both judges and

Description Of A Jury Trial In An English Court, How Effective They Are And Some Criticisms.

1273 words - 5 pages What is a jury?All cases of serious criminal offences are tried by a jury.-A jury is a panel of 12 people who listen to the evidence presented in a court case and then give a verdict on the guilt or innocence of the person or persons on trial.-The members of the jury are impartial, they don't know anyone in the trial and don't care about the result-Their verdict is based solely on the evidence they have heard.There are also a few civil (i.e. non

To What Extent Does Random Selection Of Jury Members Create Bias And Would Jury Selection Provide A Solution?

1556 words - 6 pages areas to gain a more ethnic mix and so in cases where ethnicity may be an issue the judge cannot interfere as apparently this would not be fair and would tamper with the basic ethics of random selection. In R v Ford (1989) [12], the trial judge refused to grant a racially mixed jury and the Court of Appeal sustained this view on the grounds that “Fairness is achieved by the principle of random selection”[13] and that to