This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Sensorimotor Stage Of Piaget’s Theory Of Cognitive Development

1229 words - 5 pages

The theorist, Jean Piaget, was most interested in the development of children’s intellectual organization. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development begins with the sensorimotor stage. Sensorimotor intelligence is thinking by observing objects and acting in response to them. Throughout the stages the child understands that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen which is referred to as object permanence. When a child exhibits a behavior that creates an experience that leads to repetition of the behavior this is known as a circular reaction. (Berk, 2010)
The sensorimotor stage is focused from birth to two years. It is divided into six substages as the infant learns to coordinate their senses and motor skills. The content below lists the six substages.
1) Simple Reflexes (0-1 month)
2) First habits and primary circular reactions (1 to 4 months)
3) Secondary circular reactions (4 to 8 months)
4) Coordination of secondary circular reactions (8-12 months)
5) Tertiary circular reactions (12-18 months)
6) Internalization of schemes/beginnings of representational thought (18-24 months)
Source: Sensorimotor Period. (Lee, 2010)
The first substage includes inborn reflexes such as the root, suck, moro, tonic neck, grasp, Babinski, and step reflexes. During the first month of life it is very evident that the newborn has been born with these important reflexes. A newborn can be placed upon the mothers’ breast and they will root to find food and suck to feed without any assistance. The newborn understands the environment purely through these inborn reflexes. (Santrock, 2008) These reflexes not only help the infant to develop some of them can also be used for survival. At this age the child already has the step reflex which will help learning to walk as they get older.
The second substage involves only the infants’ own body. The infant will by accident engage in some form of behavior and if the child finds it enjoyable the child will repeat it. An example is an infant sucking their thumb. It may not have been intentional the first time, but they may repeat the action because it comforted them. At this stage the child learns how to help console themselves. These types of reactions are called primary circular reactions. This stage is about coordinating feelings and new patterns.
The third substage is similar to the second, but it focuses on the external objects not the infant’s own body. Once the primary circular reactions become boring the infant advances to the secondary where they explore with objects. The child is more focused on the world and begins to intentionally repeat an action in order to trigger a response in their environment. (Piaget, Gruber, & Voneche, 1977) The child may shake a rattle, hit a mobile, or drop or throw objects repeatedly. Depending on what they feel about the outcome of their actions the action may or may not be repeated. When a child shakes a rattle and it makes noise that scares them they learn to...

Find Another Essay On The Sensorimotor Stage of Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development

Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development: The First Stage

523 words - 2 pages The first stage is called the Sensorimotor stage. It occupies the first two years of a child's life, from birth to 2 years old. It is called the Sensorimotor stage because in it children are occupied with sensing things and moving them. From these activities they learn what makes things happen, what the connections are between actions and their consequences. They learn to grasp and hold and what happens when they let go.      This

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development Essay

1768 words - 7 pages number of ways to know, it is easy to become more confused as new information continues to enter ones awareness” (Fortosis & Garland, 1990, p.632). Formal Operational Stage (stage four) This is Piaget’s fourth and final stage of Cognitive Development Theory. The Formal Operational stage begins around the age of 11 and last up through adulthood. During this stage children begin to move past concrete experiences and begin to think hypothetically

Piaget Theory of Cognitive Development

1434 words - 6 pages Piaget theory of Cognitive Development For this paper I will be exploring Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Swiss Psychologist Jean Piaget, theorized that children progress through four key stages of cognitive development that change their understanding of the world. By observing his own children, Piaget came up with four different stages of intellectual development that included: the sensorimotor stage, which starts from birth to

The Main Features of Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

3066 words - 12 pages stage in Piaget's theory on Cognitive development is called the Preoperational stage and occurs within children aged two years up to seven years old. It is the transition to operational thinking. ('Operation' as discussed above) The child is now capable of language development and symbolic thought although the childs' intellectual capabilities are still dominated by perceptions ie. his or hers. Piaget illustrated that

Jean Piaget: Theory of Cognitive Development

1736 words - 7 pages world from another person’s point of view. Also, they understand that people may see things differently because they have different experiences or are in different situations (Rathus 244). The final stage of cognitive development, in Piaget’s theory, is the formal operational stage. This stage begins at about puberty and represents cognitive maturity (Rathus 244). During this period in life, abstract thinking comes in, and according to Piaget

Piagets theory of Cognitive development on educ

579 words - 2 pages development known as formal operations.This final stage in Piaget's theory shows that children at this level of cognitive development can answer hypothetical questions, think abstractedly, use reason and analyse their own thoughts and those of others.Not all children reach this stage of thinking, many children will continue to operate at the concrete operational stage through out their lives. Those that do move into formal operations may not always

Middle Childhood: Piaget Theory of Cognitive Development

793 words - 4 pages Piaget’s theory of cognitive development changed the way psychologists and educators view children’s intellectual development. However, with the widespread acceptance of Piaget’s insight and theory has also came with research that modifies and refines his contribution. According to Piaget there are four major stages of development (Day, Mary.) Today I am going to discuss one of the four stages that is known as the Concrete Operational Stage

Piaget's Theory of Cgnitive Development:Discuss the 5 stages of cognitive development

682 words - 3 pages Swiss biologist, Jean Piaget is renowned for constructing a highly influential model of child development and learning. His theory is based on the idea that the developing child builds cognitive structures for understanding and responding to physical experiences within his environment. Piaget's theory identifies four developmental stages: sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operations, and formal operations.During the first stage

Cognitive Development Theory

1716 words - 7 pages development where as Piaget saw development leading the way to learning (Beaumie Kim, 2006). B2: Similarities / Differences of the Classroom Applications The classroom application of Piaget’s theory has teachers assessing a child’s current stage of cognitive development and only assigning learning tasks that fit that particular child’s stage of development. With proper supervision that teacher most allow the child to experience learning

Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory Wafa Nurdin

981 words - 4 pages research, Piaget developed his cognitive development theory. He proposed that all human beings proceed through a series of orderly and predictable stages of cognitive development at about the same age. Moreover, a prior stage must be completed to progress to the next phase and that children proceed from concrete to more abstract thoughts as they grow older. They start from the sensorimotor stage from birth to age 2, then onward to the

Cognitive Development Theory: Piaget vs. Vygotsky

1751 words - 7 pages Cognitive Development Theory: Piaget and VygotskyWhy is it that a four year old thinks there is more of water in a tall narrow glass than there is in a short broader glass, when both glasses contain the same amount of water? The answer can be found if one determines the child's developmental level of cognition. In exploring the concept of cognitive development, two names are sure to come up, Piaget and Vygotsky.Cognitive development theory was

Similar Essays

Jean Piaget’s Theory Of Cognitive Development

1782 words - 7 pages Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Introduction Jean Piaget is the founder of Cognitive development. He is Swiss and although he had no background in psychology, he made a tremendous impact on the field, particularly in the area of cognitive, developmental and educational psychology. There are other theorists who have built upon his work with theories like information processing, social cognition and socio cultural perspective

Sensorimotor And Pre Operational Stages Of Cognitive Development

1788 words - 7 pages shocked when the person comes back. Older infants understand that the person still exist, even when they can’t be seen. At the end of the sensorimotor stage, the child is beginning to form simple mental images. This brings us to the second stage of Piaget’s theory which is the preoperational stage. The symbolic thought and intuitive thought are sub-stages of Piaget’s cognitive theory. Between 2 to 7 years of age, children begin to use

A Comparison And Discussion Of Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory Of Development, Freud’s Psychosexual Stages Of Development, And Piaget’s Stages Of Cognitive Development

2165 words - 9 pages children' interest and hobbies in order to convert their energy in a healthy way. Parents need to be provide children with a environment which is conducive to spend energy for hobbies and interest appropriately.Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development: A Focus on Childhood Experiences and its Implications on Childhood EducationPiaget's Theory is based on four stages.The first stage is sensorimotor stage occurring from birth to age 2. How should

Discuss Piaget's Account Of Cognitive Development In The Preoperational Stage

1333 words - 5 pages slightly altered. Conservation skills in the preoperational stage were also questioned by Samuel and Bryant (1984), showing that Piaget's theory of cognitive development may not be completely correct.References:1.Gleitman, H., Fridlund, A., Reisberg, D. - 'Psychology'. (5th Edition) W.W. Norton & Company. New York; London 1999. Ed. Cathy Wick. Pp 545 - 5732.Kodat, Rebecca, (2002). http://mi.essortment.com/jeanpiagettheo_rnrn.htm - Researched