This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Sentencing Of Julius And Ethel Rosenberg

2325 words - 10 pages

On June 19, 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were put to death by electrocution at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. The Rosenbergs were tried and convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage (Fariello 178). The Rosenbergs were accused of selling atomic secrets to the Soviet Union as a part of a large spy ring. The presiding judge over the trial, Judge Irving R. Kaufman, handed down the sentence on April 5, 1951 (Wexley 597). There has been much controversy surrounding the guilt or innocence of Julius Rosenberg and his wife, Ethel. As more documents have been released concerning the Rosenberg case, Julius Rosenberg's guilt as a spy has been established. Ethel Rosenberg was almost ...view middle of the document...

Although a jury decided the guilt of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, the judge decided their fate. Judge Irving R. Kaufman declared the death sentence for the Rosenbergs on April 5, 1951 (Wexley 597). The atmosphere of the courtroom was hostile towards the Rosenbergs and their only chance for a fair trial was if the judge presumed their innocence and conducted the trial appropriately. This was not the case. As the jury was selected, Judge Kaufman dismissed any perspective juror who had a prejudice against the atomic bomb or its use, believed that atomic information should be released to Russia, were members of a left wing party, read leftist publications, or opposed capital punishment. The resulting jury was made of eleven men, one woman, and no Jewish people (Phillipson 277). By early 1943, the Rosenbergs were passionate believers in Communism and full-fledged members of the Communist party (Radosh 53). By late 1943, they had stopped participating in the activities of the party (Radosh 54). Nevertheless, the Rosenbergs faced a jury of anti-Communists who would not be sympathetic to their past Communist affiliations. The judge also would not be sympathetic to the Rosenberg's Communist past (Caute 140). The judge's opinion of the Rosenbergs is clear in his questioning of the witnesses during the trial during which Ethel and Julius were forced to endure the "one-two combination of judge and prosecutor, working in tandem (Phillipson 292)." As Kaufman began his sentencing speech, his true feelings about the Rosenbergs were revealed. He told the Rosenbergs that he considered their "crime as worse than murder" because they put "into the hands of the Russians the A-bomb years before" American scientists predicted (Phillipson 306). His speech continued by blaming the soviet aggression in Korea that caused over 50,000 deaths on the actions of the Rosenbergs which "altered the course of history to the disadvantage" of the United States (Phillipson 306). This comment revealed that Judge Kaufman was not dealing with the crime at issue because no evidence had been presented linking the Rosenbergs to Soviet activity in Korea (Radosh 284). The judge continued in his speech with an accusation of treachery (Phillipson 306). The Rosenbergs were on trial for conspiracy, but the judge sentenced them with the thought of treason in his mind. Judge Kaufman continued his speech with accusations that Julius and Ethel Rosenberg believed in Soviet atheism, collectivism, and actions against the freedom of man (Neville 49). None of these accusations were addressed during the trial or found in the trial record (Wexley 594). The judge made these accusations based on his own opinion of the Rosenbergs as opposed to the facts that were brought forth during the trial. Judge Kaufman revealed in his sentencing speech his disapproval for the actions of the Rosenbergs. He exaggerated their transgressions with additional accusations that were not supported by trial testimony. The...

Find Another Essay On The Sentencing Of Julius And Ethel Rosenberg

Rosenberg, Epp, and Miranda: Implementation of Supreme Court Decisions

2979 words - 12 pages literature on the case, and public knowledge of this case, I feel it is a good example for examining the ability of the Supreme Court to cause social change. Gerald N. Rosenberg discusses the three views on the power of courts to cause social change, as well as the Miranda decision, in his popular and provoking book, The Hollow Hope: Can Courts Bring About Social Change? Rosenberg examines the underlying beliefs and theories for each of the views, as

The Rise and Downfall of Julius Caesar

913 words - 4 pages Know for being an amazing general and the ruler of ancient Rome, Julius Caesar isn’t at all recognized for his accomplishment before the last few years of his life. That’s what made him such a popular dictator, the fact that he was just an average joe that made a name for himself. Julius Caesar is one of the most influential people in history because of his successful political career, the amazing things he accomplished in a short

The basic procedures of a standard American criminal trial...covers everything between indictment and sentencing

2633 words - 11 pages not occur and the subject goes directly to a sentencing hearing, or he may plead not guilty, and trial preparations will proceed. In very rare cases the defendant will not enter a plea, and is said to 'stand mute.' Directly after entering a plea of not guilty, the defendant must decide on one, if any, of many courses of defense to follow. A plea of guilty or no contest that is withdrawn by the defendant cannot be used as evidence against the

The Northern Star and the many descriptions of Julius Caesar

715 words - 3 pages The most widely accepted definition of imagery in literature is language used by the author to evoke a feeling or produce an image in the mind of the reader. As one of the first major authors of modern English, Shakespeare was very talented in using imagery in his many works and plays, and his tragedy Julius Caesar is no exception. Throughout the play, Shakespeare uses imagery to develop the character Julius, and the characters who can be quoted

Julius Caesar and the Fall of the Roman Republic

3531 words - 14 pages How was it possible that under the dictatorship and after the deification of Julius Caesar the Roman republic fell, when it had been structurally sound for four centuries before? When the republic was established around the end of the 6th century B.C.E., the Romans made clear that they wished to avoid all semblance of the monarchy that had ruled for two centuries before. (T.J. Cornell, The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age

Break of Day in the Trenches a Poem by Isaac Rosenberg

965 words - 4 pages Why I chose this poem: I chose Break of day in the trenches because in the title and the first few lines of the poem, it paints a mental image of the beginning of another horrible day at war. The poet compares the war from a seemingly unimportant rat’s perspective. Another reason I chose this poem was that upon reading a biography of the poet, I realised that he had lived in South Africa for nearly two years. Biography of Isaac Rosenberg

The Hamartia of Julius Caesar and his Quest for Power

1628 words - 7 pages Even as a young man, Julius Caesar idolized power, leadership, and politics. Early in his quest for power Caesar was a student of the great Crassus. Eventually and gradually, Caesar built his own power, and than he made an alliance with Pompey and Crassus known as the first triumvirate. Later on, Caesar ended up more powerful then the other two men and became the last man standing. Julius Caesar started to take part in many small leadership

DISCUSS HOW THE COURTS MAY INCORPORATE THE DIFFERENT AIMS/THEORIES OF SENTENCING DURING THE PROCESS OF SENTENCING OFFENDERS

2346 words - 10 pages A sentence is a decree of a punishment assigned to a defendant who was found guilty by a court, or fixed by law for a particular offence. If is a defendant found guilty, the type and amount of the sentence will depend on a number of factors, which every judge or magistrate must consider. Between these factors belong the six main aims of sentencing (retribution, denunciation, incapacitation or protection of the public, deterrence

The Effects Of Race On Sentencing In Capital Punishment Cases

1311 words - 6 pages The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment CasesThroughout history, minorities have been ill-represented in the criminal justice system,particularly in cases where the possible outcome is death. In early America, blacks were lynchedfor the slightest violation of informal laws and many of these killings occurred without any type ofdue process. As the judicial system has matured, minorities have found better representation butit is

The Effects of Race on Sentencing in Capital Punishment Cases

1185 words - 5 pages Columbus is not alone: "A 1990 report prepared by the government's General Accounting Office found 'a pattern of evidence indicating racial disparities in the charging, sentencing and imposition of the death penalty."In an article by Seligman (1994), Professor Joseph Katz of Georgia State "and other scholars have made a separate point about bias claims based on the 'devalued lives' of murder victims." Seligman also asserts that those claiming bias

The Life Of Julius Caesar

1788 words - 7 pages The Life of Julius Caesar Julius Caesar is and was one of the most influential people in history. He created laws, stuck wars, and developed new strategies for leadership and battles. "Caesar is widely considered to be one of the greatest military geniuses of all time, as well as a brilliant politician and one of the ancient world's strongest leaders (Julius Caesar pg.1)." He transformed the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire

Similar Essays

Guilty Or Innocent? The Story Of Ethyl And Julius Rosenberg All About J & E Rosenberg

714 words - 3 pages was the testimony of Greenglass, who continued to give conflicting stories each time he was interviewed or interrogated, but at that time being a communist meant being guilty until proven innocent. The Rosenbergs had support from many famed idols, such as Albert Einstein and Pope Pius, not to mention demonstrations reaching 5000+ people, but it wasn't enough.Concerning his own case, Julius Rosenberg said, "This death sentence is not surprising. It

Lesbian Musicology And The Music Of Dame Ethel Smyth

2220 words - 9 pages Lesbian Musicology and the Music of Dame Ethel Smyth I have always believed that a musician writes music to express his/her emotions, thoughts, and beliefs in a way that can be both hidden and quite apparent to their listeners at the same time. It can be viewed as a release or a medium through which to share an experience. These artists attempt to relate to their listeners and even hope to provide the listener with the words to express

The Sentencing Of Butch And Willie Bosket

2687 words - 11 pages The similarities in the lives of this father and son are uncanny. I will look at the murders committed by both Butch and Willie. They both committed two murders. I will look at the correlation between the two men and the murders they committed. I will touch on their lives and their treatment at home. In addition, how that eventually affected them and the eventual murders they both committed. Their mother has sent them both away. They were both

U.S. Supreme Court And The Impact Of Sentencing

1753 words - 7 pages . (Peter Finn and Dale Parent, June 1993) One of the sentencing provisions that are mandated in the jurisdiction of Georgia includes a standardized set of standards. These standards are an attempt to minimize recidivism and maintain control of the court mandated conditions. The surveillance standards for the probation officers are as follows: ? Five face-to-face contacts per week ? Mandatory community service ? Mandatory employment ? Mandatory