The Separation Of Classes In Society: Karl Marx

1583 words - 6 pages

The separation of classes in society is a struggle from the past, present, and furthermore the future. Disputes over the inequality of the classes in capitalism have been occurring over many centuries, and an adequate solution to solve the issue of separation of class has not been achieved. However, Karl Marx, the “most profound and acute critic of capitalism” (Wolff 126), not only thought of a possible solution, but also dug down to the root of the problem. According to Marx, alienation is undoubtedly at the core of this issue. It is an important factor in considering the inequity of classes in society. Alienation is a “condition in which people are dominated by forces of their own creation which confront them as alien powers; the essence of being human is detached from actual human existence” (Wolff 28). In order to solve the overpowering issue of class domination in society, examination of alienation and the underlying cause of it is essential.
Capitalist societies have multiple breaks in the system, and alienation of the worker is perhaps one of the main issues in capitalism. Consequently, when a worker labors and toils over producing goods, he or she produces more wealth, and in effect the poorer he or she evidently becomes. In contrast to the decreasing value in the worker, his or her production or company increases in fortune and control. As the worker produces more commodities for society, he or she becomes an even cheaper commodity with a decreased value. Marx argues that humans are being devaluated in the world as commodities and the things of the world escalate in value. The workers are themselves being produced as a commodity to producing the goods, which alienates the worker from the object. When a worker is alienated from the objects which he or she produces, “work itself becomes an object which he or she can only obtain through an enormous effort and with spasmodic interruptions” (Marx 2). The more objects the worker produces, accordingly the fewer he or she can own or possess. As a result of this the more he or she is thrown under the authority and domination of his or her own labor, or capital. In this sense, the worker is alienated from his or her own capital, decreases in value, and is a commodity for society in general. Marx’s argument is valid, and important to comprehend in order to correctly judge the cause of separation of the classes.
Alienation of the worker not only occurs with the object that the worker is processing. He or she is also alienated form the process of making the object, the species, and the community within which he or she works. When a worker is alienated from the object he or she produces, the worker has no control over who is allowed to buy the product and on what terms, or for what amount of money. The worker now is a slave of his object in this respect, he or she can only “maintain himself as a physical subject and only as a physical subject that he is a worker” (Marx 2). Alienation of the...

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