The Separation Of Germany Essay

838 words - 3 pages

One of the darkest chapters in German history besides other historical occurrences is the separation of Germany. The construction of the wall on August 13th, 1961 parted families from each other overnight. All at once people lost their jobs because their workplace was in another occupation zone. Many people couldn’t even reach their homes.

Until 1989 innumerable citizens of the DDR tried to attain to their family again or to the supposed free world. Some of them managed it and got over the monumental building of the border fortifications but others got injured or even shot when they tried to escape.

Even though who had their homes in Schönwalde in the district Schönwalde-Siedlung of today had to accept that they couldn’t use their property anymore. No one ever believed that they’ll get back where they once spend their childhood.

Some waited longingly for their 60th or 65th birthday to go to the West to visit their families. From 1971 there was relief for the German-German relations. The border – also known as the “anti-fascist protective wall” – became passable again for foreign currency for the citizens of the Federal Republic of Germany and for the Berliner, also for those people who came to Schönwalde.

The way across the “Steinerne Brücke” was closed for them furthermore. The opening was long in coming … (die Öffnung ließ bis weit nach der deutschen Einheit auf sich warten)**. Not until 7th May 1994 the Schönwalder Allee and the Steinerne Brücke opened for private transport, till that day it was closed – a street that existed for centuries and which took traders and travellers on their way from Spandau to Fehrbellin -past the inn -???? Schwanenkrug. Unfortunately you can’t see the pavement between Berlin in light basalt and Brandenburg in dark basalt no more. The obelisk at the Schönwalder Allee still reminds of the border between Berlin and the administrative district Osthavelland in days when Berlin was a city of Brandenburg.

The illustrations opposite show the border between Berlin Spandau and Schönwalde in GDR times when the border fortifications with barbed wire, dogs, trenches, spring-guns and wall bared German citizens the access to other German citizens. This border fortification which was built up by human beings made it impossible for refugees to get over. Nevertheless some people from Schönwalde managed to hurdle. Unfortunately we have to mourn someone’s death at our border zone.

On 16th February 1977 the 18 year old Dietmar Schütze from Magdeburg was hit by shots in head, chest and...

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