This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Separation Of Powers In The United States Political System

892 words - 4 pages

The Separation of Powers in the United States Political System

In the 18th Century, the French philosopher Montesquieu, who had been
one of the inspirations behind the French Revolution, argued that
limitation would be necessary within government within government in
order to avoid tyranny. He identified the Executive, the Legislature
and the Judiciary as the four braches of government which needed to be
separated. To do this, he suggested the 'Separation of Powers', a
mechanism built internally into government where each branch would
have powers enabling it to limit those of another so no one branch
becomes too powerful.

The Founding Fathers of the American Constitution agreed with
Montesquieu's ideas and introduced a system of checks and balances
into the Constitution to support the Separation of Powers.

There are several ways in which Separation of Powers is achieved by
the Constitution. If we take the Executive and Legislature first, the
Executive in the US government is the Presidential Office and the
Legislature is the two Houses of Congress - the House of
Representatives being the Lower House and the Senate being the Upper
House. The Senate has the power to confirm all major presidential
appointments. The combined Houses of Congress controls the Executive
budget and appropriation (expenditure), passes/rejects all legislation
requested by the President and can impeach and remove the President
for 'high crimes and misdemeanours'. In addition, the Senate ratifies
foreign treaties signed by the President with a two-thirds majority.
On the other side, the Executive also has powers to limit the
Legislature and so complete the Separation of Powers. The President
can, for instance, propose Legislation. He or she can call special
sessions of Congress and can even veto bills passed by Congress. A
two-thirds majority in both Houses of Congress in turn can again
override this veto.

Now to take the Legislature and Judiciary, the Judiciary in the US
government is the US Supreme Court. The Senate, for example, must
approve all judicial appointments. Congress has the powers to create
new lower courts, change the number of judges and impeach/remove
judges for misbehaviour. On the other side this time, the Supreme
Court can rule an act of Congress as unconstitutional and interprets
the laws passed by Congress.

...

Find Another Essay On The Separation of Powers in the United States Political System

The Metric System In Teh United States

2308 words - 9 pages Americans live by the misconception that since the United States is the most superior country in the world that its present system of measurement is the most superior measurement system in the world. As of 2002, the United States has no definite plan to fully adopt the metric system.During the time of the first thirteen colonies, colonials brought over the English Customary from Europe. The Customary system was based on inches, pounds, and

The President of the United States of America - Powers and Priveleges

1874 words - 7 pages Despite the intentions of the framers of the Constitution and the subsequent roles laid out for the president therein, the President of the United States of America has assumed roles and powers that somewhat challenge these intentions. Since the forming of the Union there has been a continuing struggle over the powers of the president and whether he should take a reserved legalist position or a more activist role. The legalist and activist

A cross-cultural comparison of political attack ads in Brazil and the United States

3206 words - 13 pages political system one of the most interesting and unpredictable in Latin America. Brazil's size and economic influence make it critical for the region's stability and prosperity. Another reason is that, ironically, Brazil imported from the United States both its democratic principles and market-driven philosophy.Following the previous cross-cultural studies, some of the political advertising's main features and appeals, especially "attack advertising

How The Federal Reserve System Works In The United States

1172 words - 5 pages selective in judging the creditworthiness of business applications for loans. Conversely, when interest rates decline, money is called "easy", meaning that it is not only cheaper but also easier to borrow.Although changes in the discount rate can be used as a major means of controlling the money supply and are used to control it in some countries, they are nit used for this purpose in the United States. The Federal Reserve Board does not allow banks to

The Missile Defense System of the United States

3508 words - 14 pages The Missile Defense System of the United States Abstract      When Ronald Reagan was in the Presidency, he and his staff came up with the idea for a missile defense system that would defend the country in the event of a nuclear missile attack. This system was named "Star Wars" and the basic principal behind it was that it would be a shield that covered all fifty states. However, government officials soon realized that Reagan's defense system

The Goal of the United States Criminal Justice System

940 words - 4 pages Within the United States Criminal Justice System, it is not only goal to simply punish those who break the law, but to also reduce the level of criminal activity. In order to fulfill this important aspect of the Criminal Justice System, offenders must be rehabilitated and motivated to refrain from engaging in further criminal activity so that they do not return to prison. Since the early 1990’s, our country’s crime rate has been declining

Criminal Rehabilitation in the United States Justice System

2028 words - 9 pages stingy spending on the prisons, which can be seen from the billions of dollars that are thrown at prisons to keep U.S. citizens locked up. This dangerous and inefficient system must be reformed for the benefit of U.S. citizens that are involved in them whether through paying taxes or being in these prisons. Although the fear of punishment deters crime, United States criminal justice systems should focus on rehabilitation. In its past, the United

African Americans in the United States Criminal Justice System

2137 words - 9 pages culture has experienced, they have also made quite a bit of progress. During the 1950s and 1960s, Jim Crow laws were dismantled and African Americans gained more equality, especially in the south (Schore 1). By the 1970s, 711 African Americans were in elected political positions in the South, as opposed to the seventy-two in 1966 (1). Literature Review Providing an ample amount of statistics, “Race and the Criminal Justice System” written by

Health Care in the United States: An Evolving System

1222 words - 5 pages referral base by offering ongoing continuing medical education (CME) opportunities and by providing remote access to their patients records on Children’s EMR system. These practice changes lead to the concept of Hospital Medicine. Hospitalists are physicians whose sole responsibility is the care of hospitalized patients. As of 2012, there were more than 30,000 physicians employed as Hospitalists in the United States and about 70% of hospitals now

Key Factors of the United States´ Failed Education System

1245 words - 5 pages One in seven adults in America, will not be able to read this paper (Toppo). This is a disturbing truth to me, because if they cannot read this paper, then what can they read? There are many factors, which have led to the failed education system of the United States. Some of the key factors that have led to this ongoing problem have connections with this financial hardship we are facing. Teachers and schools budgets are being cut which is

The United States Juvenile Justice System

868 words - 3 pages evolved over many decades. Legal reforms such as rulings of the U.S. Supreme Court (Kent v. United States 1966), and acts of Congress (the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974) and many other changes, were not consistent in how they were administered across the country. Beginning in the late 1960s through the mid-1980s, rulings of the Supreme Court defined for juveniles many of the same due process protections that adults had

Similar Essays

The Powers Of The United States President

1055 words - 4 pages Is the most powerful elected official in the United States the Presidency? The Office of the President started after the Revolutionary War. America’s Founding Fathers designed the political system so that it would not resemble a Parliament Government and especially to not have a King. Instead there would be an elected official to lead the Federal Government, enforce the laws and act as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces. The White House

Political Parties In The United States

1923 words - 8 pages of at cross-purposes. It is no accident or mere coincidence that the national, states, county, and local committees of both parties mirror each other and is patterned on our governmental levels and units.The role of the political partiesThe political parties help our team of governments pull together in a dynamic equilibrium by giving them com Two-Party System WorkabilityAlthough complain are heard that the American two-party system is too narrow

Inequality In The Legal System Of The United States

1970 words - 8 pages In the United States, true equality has never existed. From the Declaration of Independence to modern times, the U.S. legal system has failed in any attempt at equality. The ideology of "all [men] are equal but some [men] are more equal than others" has been present throughout the history of the U.S. (Orwell). Inequality has always existed in the United States legal system and continues to exist today; however, the inequality presently in the

Military Justice System In The United States

1616 words - 6 pages -Judicial punishment in the UCMJ Courts Martial in the UCMJ Introduction and History of the UCMJ The Uniform Code of Military Justice is a federal system of laws created by congress in 1950. The UCMJ replaces the Articles of War that had been the justice system since 1789. The UCMJ is the foundation for justice in the United States Military. The UCMJ has had several major revisions to keep with the times; two such revisions came in 1968