The Seventh-day Adventists are one of the many different branches of Christianity. The Adventists came about during the 19th century and began with the “Millerite Movement” (“Seventh-Day Adventists”, 2013). The movement was started by an American Baptist preacher by the name of William Miller, who believed that the Second Coming - the return of Christ to Earth - would occur between March 21, 1843 and March 21, 1844 (“Seventh-Day Adventism”, 2004). This prediction was largely based off Daniel 8:14 in the Bible (See slide 4). Since he and his followers believed in this imminent advent, or return, they were called “Adventists” (“Seventh-Day Adventism”).
According to an article on Seventh-Day Adventism (2004), when Christ failed to show on the predicted date, a reluctant Miller endorsed a group of his followers called the “seventh-month movement”. This group followed the claims of a man named Samuel Snow, who linked the Second Coming of Christ with the seventh month of the Jewish calendar, changing the predicted date to October 22, 1844 (“Seventh-Day Adventism”). However, when Christ failed to appear many followers left the movement, which became known as “The Great Disappointment”. Miller was among those who left, leaving his position as leader and forswearing any new prediction dates, though he continued to await Christ’s return until his death in 1849 (“Seventh-Day Adventists”, 2013).
Those who stayed in the movement continued to call themselves Adventists and split into many different and competitive factions that continued to teach what Miller had preached and continued studying the Bible (“Seventh-Day Adventists”, 2013). For about twenty years the Adventist movement was a rather disorganized group that continued to hold on the the message that Christ would be reborn soon, though it was unknown when. Two main groups, one influenced by Hiran Edison and one influenced by Joseph Bates, held two separate ideas. Edison believed that Miller had misidentified where Christ would appear and believed that He was to enter the Heavenly Sanctuary instead of Earth. Joseph insisted that his followers observe the Jewish Sabbath- worshipping on Saturday- instead of Sunday worships. This increased the already Anti-Catholic view of the Adventists, going to far as to blame the Catholic church for changing the worship day (“Seventh-Day Adventism”, 2004).
These two groups stayed separate until a women by the name of Ellen White, a well-known supporter and a believed prophet, combined their ideas and the trio established the Seventh-Day Adventist denomination, which recieved it’s official name in 1860 (“Seventh-Day Adventism”). Later, on May 21, 1863, the headquarters for the Adventist Church was established in Battle Creek, Michigan. The Church was moved to Washington D.C and the neighboring community of Takoma Park, Maryland in 1903 and again to Silver Spring, Maryland in 1989, where it still resides today (“Seventh-Day Adventists”,...