The Seveso Disaster Essay

972 words - 4 pages

Introduction (idea for quote used from the foreword of Poison[1])
Excerpt from Silent Spring by Rachel Carson [2]
“There was once a town where all life seemed to live in harmony with its surroundings…
Then a strange blight crept over the area…Mysterious maladies swept the flocks of chickens; the cattle and sheep sicken died. Everywhere was the shadow of death. The farmers spoke of much illness in their families. In the town, the doctors had become more and more puzzled by new kinds of sicknesses…
In the gutters under the eaves and between the shingles of the roofs, a white granular powder still showed a few patches; some weeks before, it had fallen like snow upon the roofs and the lawns, the ...view middle of the document...

The heating was turned off and the vessel contents continued to mix for another 15 minutes. After everyone from that shift left, the rupture disk in the safety valve burst at just after noon as a result of excessive pressure caused by an exothermic reaction in the TCP vessel. A chemical mixture in the form of a suspension cloud escapes into the air in a south-easterly direction and spreads over the communes of Seveso, Meda, Cesano Maderno and Desio.
Later, a foreman present at the plant called Dr. Clemente Barni, the deputy head of production, who is on standby call that day to inform him of the occurrences in Building B, and then proceeded to turn on the cooling system, thereby stopping the escape of the mixture. Dr Barni inspected the area immediately surrounding the factory and notices nothing out of the ordinary, but warns the inhabitants not to eat any local vegetables or fruit. Dr Barni calls the carabinieri of Meda and reports the incident. He inquires whether damage has been reported and requested that any such reports should be transmitted to ICMESA. Dr Paoletti reaches Herwig von Zwehl, the Technical Director of ICMESA, who was away for the weekend. Together they decided to first see the ufficiale sanitario or his deputy, then visit the mayor of Meda, Fabrizio Malgratti and the mayor of Seveso, Francesco Rocca. They attempted to contact the carabinieri several times with no success. They then decided to collect samples for analysis from the vessel and in the surrounding area. They decide to send the samples the same evening for examination in Switzerland. Dr Paoletti and Dr Barni visit the mayor of Seveso and request that the inhabitants of the presumably affected areas be warned not to eat or even touch fruit and vegetables. At the carabinieri station in Meda, two representatives of ICMESA meet with the mayor of Meda.
The ICMESA representatives...

Find Another Essay On The Seveso Disaster

phase diagram Essay

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art Essay

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages heart transplant that will save her life. The transplant goes extremely well and now Amy has the opportunity to go to high school and live a normal teenage life.  Like Amy, many lives are positively transformed due to the amazing surgery of organ transplants. Scientist and doctors are due the credit for this amazing procedure. However, often overlooked, is the fact that this fascinating medical procedure would not be possible without the use of

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Adiponectin: a Novel Indicator of Malnutrition and Inflammation in Hemodialysis Patients

2384 words - 10 pages Objective Protein-Energy malnutrition (PEM) and inflammation are common and overlapping conditions in hemodialysis patients which are associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine which is exclusively produced by adipose tissue. Few studies in hemodialysis patients have demonstrated that serum levels of adiponectin were significantly higher in malnourished patients compared to well-nourished ones. The

The Congo Free State: A Legacy of Apathy, Exploitation and Brutality

2298 words - 9 pages Between 1885 and 1908, Belgium’s Leopold II ruled Congo, a region in central Africa, as his personal colony, exploiting the resources and inhabitants for his own gain. Leopold allowed and encouraged Europeans and other Westerners to enter Congo and set up companies whose primary purpose was to gather rubber, which was abundant but difficult to get to in the Congo, using the Congolese as the laborers for the Europeans. Rubber gathering in Congo

Similar Essays

The Seveso Disaster Essay

1245 words - 5 pages moderately toxic. The real culprit of the toxicity that was experienced in these soaps was a byproduct called 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin (TCDD, but commonly referred to as dioxin). This compound was significantly more toxic than TCP, but not very much else was known about the compound before the Seveso Disaster. The events started to happen when the leftover contents of Reactor B from the previous night’s shift were not fully cooled

Seveso, Italy 1976 Essay

916 words - 4 pages Seveso, Italy (1976)The Chemical Disaster at Seveso, Italy in 1976 was a human-made disaster that has had a devasting effect physically, socially and economically on Italy. This disaster started about 12:37 on July 10th 1976, when a runaway reaction occurred at a chemical plant manufacturing 2, 4, 5-trichlorophenol sodium salt by alkaline hydrolysis of tetra chlorobenzene in the suburbs of Milan in the northern part of Italy (Chemical Accidents

Protection Against Fire Essay

2614 words - 11 pages reaction could lead to serious hazard as seen in previous major accident such as Bhopal and Seveso disaster. Reaction of chemicals with water or air also exhibit serious attention as seen in several major disasters before (Sanders, 1999). Health and Safety Executive (HSE) outlines in the ‘Workbook for chemical reactor relief system sizing’ (1998) that the basis of safety that can be adapted for a chemical reaction. The basis of safety of

When The Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I