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The Sexually Transmitted Disease Epidemic. List Of Common Diseases, Causes, Cures And Stats.

1692 words - 7 pages

The Sexually Transmitted Disease EpidemicSexually transmitted diseases are running rampant through out the world today. This global epidemic is effecting the world's total health level and is severely straining the world health care system. The diseases gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes simplex, genital warts, chlamydia, and chancroid effect all cultures and are transferred very easily. This paper will outline the causes of each disease, cures for each disease, preventative measures that can be taken to protect ones self against the diseases, statistics for each disease, the symptoms/signs and side effects for the diseases.The annual cost of treating, tracking, & reporting STD's in the US exceeds 3.5 billion dollars. 95% of all of the STD expenditures in California and New York go for HIV/AIDS. 1.3 billion dollars are spent each year on AIDS research and less than 10% of this goes for STD control programs.In 1997, half of the 12,000,000 infectious diseases contracted in the United States were cases of gonorrhea. Together, gonorrhea, syphilis, and AIDS accounted for two thirds of all reportable infectious diseases in the United States. In 1997 the reported cases of each disease were: Gonorrhea 1,100,000, Syphilis 120,000, Congenital syphilis 3,500, Chlamydia 4,000,000, HPV (genital warts) 500,000 - 1,000,000, Genital herpes 200,000 - 500,000, Trichomoniasis (crabs) 3,000,000.Unfortunetly, females are at the highest risk and have the highest rates of STD's as compared to males. Varying research reporting clinical detection of agents causing STD's state that women have these percentages of the reported cases of STD's: Chlamydia 56%, Gonnorhoea 68%, Trichomonas 58%, Herpes simplex 69%, Syphilis 68%, HPV 53%.A large reason STD's rates in women have gone up in the last century is do to the fact that the age of menarche has decreased over the past one hundred years, women in the 1800's experienced menarche at somewhere between 15 and 18 years. They married at 17 or 18 years and had a relativly short sexually mature interval between menarche and child bearing, with less time to struggle with sexuality. Sexually transmitted diseases often progress more rapidly in the adolescent age group. In current times, late 1990's, the age of menarche is about 11 to 13 years old. This phenomenon has caused a larger out break of STD's due to the fact that girls are becoming sexually active earlier. The damage that is received from contracting a STD at an early age is devistating and will commonly cause sterillity.Rates per capita of gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis are higher in adolescents and adolescents have the highest rates of hospitalization for PID (pelvic inflamitory disease). HPV also progresses more quickly in adolescents as compared to adults.ThisGonorrhea:disease is the third most common disease in the United States today, it more commonly and severely effects more women than men. Gonorrhea is caused by contact with secretions containing the bacteria...

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