Nowadays, information is the cornerstone of the modern enterprise and the web became the largest and most accessible information resources. The ability to gather, arrange, manipulate information with computers has given practice as well as for business people in order to manage information in an effective way. Information retrieval is a process and techniques of searching and interpreting information in order to store the data for easy retrieval when needed. The article entitled “Seven Ages of Information Retrieval”, the author who is Michael Lesk explained about the history or the beginning of information retrieval based on the theory of Vannevar Bush’s 1945, Warren Weaver in 1949 and also related to theory of Shakespeare 1955 which is seven ages of man, starting from infancy and leading to senility.
Vannevar Bush (1980-1974) was a leader of American science and engineering during and after world war II. He was instrumental in the development of the atomic bomb and the analogue computer, as well as an administrator of government scientific activities. By any standard, Vannevar Bush was one of the moves of the 20th century. (Encyclopedia of World Biography).
Warren Weaver was born in 1984 at Reedsburg and died in 1978. He is mathematicians. He studies at the University of Wisconsin, taught there and directed the Rockefeller Foundation’s Natural Science Division (1932-55). He is considered the first person to propose using electronic computers for the translation of natural languages. In a 1949 memo, he proposed that statistical techniques from the field of information theory could be used to enable computers to translate text from one natural language to another automatically. (Britannica Concise Encyclopedia).
The author of this article is Micheal Lesk. He joined the computer science research group at Bell Laboratories, where he worked until 1984. From 1984 to 1995 he managed the computer science research group at Bellcore, then joined the National Science Foundation as head of the Division of Information and Intelligent Systems, and since 2003 has been Professor of Library and Information Science at Rutgers University, and chair of that department 2005-2008. (Encyclopedia of World Biography).
Bush has set a goal of fast to access contents of the world’s libraries which he target to achieved by 2010, sixty-five years later. So that, the author relate to Shakespeare theory of seven ages of man which is starting from infancy and leading to senility. Besides that, Warren Weaver thinking about the success of computers in cryptography during the war and suggesting that they could translate languages. In this article, he wrote that it is very tempting to say that a book written in Chinese is simply a book written in English which was coded into Chinese code. He was concerned about useful method for translation. Author claimed that in some ways, information retrieval has two parents who are Bush and Weaver. Bush reacted to...