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The Sharpeville Massacre In The Growth Of International Anti Apartheid Resistance.

1387 words - 6 pages

Evaluate the significance of the Sharpeville Massacre in the growth of the international anti-apartheid movement to 1994.Daniel RappoportApartheid, justified as a policy of separate development for the different races, was a social engineering system that codified in law and defended with force, the segregation of the races and the domination of the whites. The various international anti-apartheid movements exponentially applied adequate repercussions to South Africa, however due to social, political, cultural or economic ties, moral upstanding was subsequently avoided for as long as possible. The context of early apartheid being set back in the wraths of the Cold War and the juxtaposing relationship between South Africa?s internationally illegal system and its economic attractiveness outlay the dilemma in which finding justice for the blacks during the years of apartheid meant. However, the Sharpeville Massacre of 1960 highlighted a turning point in international resistance, and as the campaign grew furthermore, the isolation of South Africa economically, politically, culturally and socially led to DeKlerk?s sense that apartheid was not a maintainable status quo.The diametrical relationship of the internal actions taken by the Nationalist Party whilst enforcing their seven pillars of apartheid and the subsequent internal resistance to this, consequently worked as a unified force for attracting international attention towards apartheid. The turning point of this scenario however, was the Sharpeville Massacre of 1960 and its aftermath. This event set the tone for international responses, after worldwide condemnation of the manner in which the Police dealt with the protest against Pass Laws orchestrated by the PAC, in which they killed 70 people and injured over 180. Perry quotes in Apartheid: A History: ?this battle was to be vividly remembered amongst Blacks and Whites. Sharpeville had become an international symbol of Police brutality.? As a result of Sharpeville and the subsequent state of emergency in which the ANC and PAC were banned, the UN began to implement economic, political, cultural and sporting sanctions/embargoes. The 1961 UN General Assembly resolution which called for all South African ports to be closed was finally implemented in 1963 when the US lent its support, and a resolution on all countries to stop the sale and supply of arms, ammunitions and military infrastructure was introduced. However when the UN attempted to impose strict economic sanctions on South Africa, the US refused, as ?they preferred to give unspoken support to the South African apartheid regime rather than risk the election of a communist ANC Government.? The political standstill in South Africa due to the Sharpeville Massacre occurred only six weeks after the British Prime Minister, Harold MacMillan, gave his ?winds of change? speech, in which he quoted; ?? create a society which respects the rights of individuals.? This was a highly significant speech...

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