The Shattered Dream Of Communism Essay

2671 words - 11 pages

Many people all over the world look for an outlet for which they can improve their quality of life. They strive to find the means of transforming their dreams into reality. Communism, to people everywhere, has offered the means for transforming the dream of economic equality into reality, throughout history. Communism, however, like various other political and economic movements in the history of man, has become just another shattered dream.
Communism is a political and economic movement brought out to the public in the mid-nineteenth century. The communist's main demand is the abolition of private property, which in turn will put an end to any present class system. This is undoubtedly the shortest and most significant way to characterize the revolution (Engels). This revolution instills in every proletarian mind the feeling that they can be victorious. The working classes of the world are the ones who are being done wrong. In the Communist Manifesto Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels proudly proclaim that "proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win" (77). Often, a political party will have a further motive behind their struggle. Communists that "every class struggle was a political struggle" (Marx 46).
The proletariat is often considered the working class. This group of people was the main concern of all communist principles. The proletariat is the class of modern wage laborers who, having no means of production of their own (like farming), are reduced to selling their labor power in order to live (Marx 34). The proletariat does not draw profit from any kind of capital. On occasion the average worker can have a small victory for themselves, but for the most part the real freedom comes when all the workers unite and take a stand against what they're put through on a day to day basis. Their victory only comes from the union of the proletarians, which is helped by the improvement of communications created by the modern industry (Marx 46). There haven't always been proletarians, though. They originated in the industrial revolution of England in the last half of the eighteenth century (Engels).
The first industrial revolution began in Britain around 1750. It was during this time that many people turned to industry rather than farming to make a living (Wilkinson 70). Friedrich Engels often compared the average proletariat to a slave except one aspect. "The slave is sold once and for all; the proletarian must sell himself daily and hourly" (Engels). The opposite class of the proletariat was the bourgeois. This was considered the modern capitalist class. According to Marx and Engels they were the "owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labor" (34). The bourgeois, in other words, were the employers; the business men who sat around while their employees worked painstaking hours. Now the capitalists, who have always been the opposing party of the communists,...

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