This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Shining, By Stanley Kubrick Essay

2258 words - 9 pages

1. Background: From Ideology to Problematic/Systematic Readings
Louis Althusser) was a French Marxist philosopher who “revolutionized Marxist theory” with his own ideology theories and their influence upon politics and culture (Ferretter, 2006, p.i). Karl Marx distinguished the hierarchy found in society: the infrastructure or economic base, which consists of “a combination of the ‘forces of production’ and the ‘relations of the production’”(Storey, 2009, p. 60), and the superstructure that contains two levels in itself- political and legal institutions (law, the police, the government) and ideology (religious, moral, legal, political, ect.) (Blunden, n.d.). The relationship between these levels in society can be viewed from two ends of a spectrum: a side where the superstructure both justifies and challenges the base, or a side where the base determines the limits of the content and form of the superstructure, as it is the forces of production. (Harman, 1986, pp. 3--44) Althusser rejected the economic base and the superstructure’s passive relation (Storey, 2009, p. 72).
Althusser aimed to explore to what extent ideology was more “pervasive” and “material” than formerly recognized (Althusser, 1972, p.96). Althusser created three definitions to ideology, the first states "Ideology represents the imaginary relationship of individuals to their real conditions of existence"(Althusser, 1972, p.121-176). This theory included both the base and the superstructure -which differs from Marxist theories- oppressed groups are made believe, by ideologies, that the world is doing fine, while the higher groups are fooled towards believing oppression and exploitation are simply universal necessity. Althusser’s Marxism is a ‘scientific’ disclosure that penetrates ideology to reveal the real conditions of existence. Ideology, as the closed system it is, remains within its boundaries. This means it will not question that which it’s incapable of answering. This principle was the key for Althusser’s concept of the ‘problematic’. Althusser first discovered the problematic in the “Epistemological Break”, Marx’s work from 1845. (Storey, 2009)
Althusser stated that the essences of a problematic is based on assumptions, motivations and, but not limited to, underlying ideas from which a text is made. This evinces that a text is not only structured by what is present, but also by what is not. He also stated that in order to fully comprehend the message of a text, one should be able to recognize those assumptions, which do not appear in the text itself, as well as the surface meaning. A way to do this is to search the text for answers to questions that have not been stated. A text must be de-constructed in order to revel the problematic, based on a symptomatic reading. A symptomatic reading involves reading the text in two different ways. Initially the manifest text, what is present, and through observing the absent, the lapse or distortions, the latent text....

Find Another Essay On The Shining, by Stanley Kubrick

The Films of Stanley Kubrick Essay

3350 words - 13 pages The Films of Stanley Kubrick The films of director Stanley Kubrick divert from any categorized genre upon analysis. Instead they use themes that also expand into cinematic concepts due to certain construction processes used in the making of his

"A Clockwork Orange" by Stanley Kubrick

1197 words - 5 pages Analysis of Humanism in Clockwork OrangeBy: Removed For Privacy02/02/2003Human emotions, desires, and flaws are often subjects of focus in cinematography. From the basest desires of greed and hatred to the shining examples of purity and logic, man is painted in almost every manner imaginable. Stanley Kubrick, a master at depicting man's more twisted nature, offers a very dark view indeed, of what may lay in the future of humanity.The morally

A Clockwork Orange, by Stanley Kubrick

869 words - 3 pages "A Clockwork Orange", directed by the immeasurable Stanley Kubrick, starring Malcolm McDowell, Patrick Magee, Adirenne Corri, Aubrey Morris and James Marcus and produced by Stanley Kubrick in 1971, is, in my opinion, one of the greatest morality plays ever captured on film. It leads viewer in to many different pathways of thought about the time we live in, and about the validity of the concepts of law and morality, and the applications

A Clockwork Orange, by Stanley Kubrick

1497 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be exploring how the dystopian society in Stanley Kubrick’s 1971 film adaptation of Anthony Burgess’ 1963 novel, A Clockwork Orange has been used to explore contemporary anxieties. A Clockwork Orange takes place in an outlandish and dreary vision of future Britain governed by an oppressive, totalitarian super government. In this society, ordinary people have fallen into a dazed state of complacency, unaware of the sinister

The Shining by Stephen King

1462 words - 6 pages psychic ability known as "The Shining." As time goes on, Jack Torrance slips into a horrifying insanity and the only thing that can save his family is "The Shining." Stephen King is known for putting his past hardships, as well as successes, into this book. King, the author of the book The Shining, had and will continue to have an influence on American literature. King’s books, such as The Shining, were influenced by his background

"The Shining" by Stephen King

1719 words - 7 pages 1. The Shining by Stephen King2. This novel is primarily set in the beautiful foothills of the Rocky mountains located in Colorado. There are intriguing hedges in front that are carved into animals. The scenery is captivating. Huge mountains surround the hotel. The Overlook Hotel is colossal beyond belief and is alive, like an always watchful eye. It is very important to the story line that the hotel be in a place where, at some point during the

The Shining by Stephen King

1980 words - 8 pages , but in the way she talks too (Magistrale 1). The devastations in Carrie, in Salem’s Lot, and The Shining occur in the cities in and around Maine and Colorado. The high school in the novel Carrie was in the Maine town that also held the location of the novel Salem’s Lot (“One…” 1). King’s stories are strongly influenced to Maine’s environment. Somehow he separates climate by theme. Yes, he uses the weather as a factor, but that isn’t fully what he

The Perils of Obedience, by Stanley Milgram

1728 words - 7 pages harm him to the point of death. She did not respect her orders and did what she felt was right in that situation. The example of Gretchen Brandt shows two instances of negative feedback in Milgram’s experiment, although the results weren’t in her favor. More people followed their direct orders and continued shocking the learners to the very highest voltage. Stanley Milgram’s experiment shows societies that more people with abide by the rules

The Perils of Obedience by Stanley Milgram

818 words - 3 pages “The Perils of Obedience” was written by Stanley Milgram in 1974. In the essay he describes his experiments on obedience to authority. I feel as though this is a great psychology essay and will be used in psychology 101 classes for generations to come. The essay describes how people are willing to do almost anything that they are told no matter how immoral the action is or how much pain it may cause.      This essay even though it was

Analysis Of "The More The Merrier" By Stanley Kauffmann

1405 words - 6 pages Stanley Kauffmann's play "The More the Merrier" begins with the two main characters Emily Stringer and Raphael Thumbs professing their love to each other and agreeing to marry. They were so enamored to one another that Raphael wanted the wedding to take place immediately that night or the following day but to which Emily countered because it was so soon. She still had to shop for a trousseau and the banns (declarations made in church) that take

"The Orderly World of Mr. Appleby" written by Stanley Ellin

1300 words - 5 pages The Orderly World of Mr. ApplebyA short story I recently read in class was "The Orderly World of Mr. Appleby" written by Stanley Ellin.The story tells us of a fastidious man named Mr. Appleby. Who owned a Shop called "Appleby: Antiques and Curious." At the beginning of the story we are told he had come to investigate "the most efficient methods for disposing of wife" so that he can come into immediate possession of her financial estate. He then

Similar Essays

Analysis Of The Shining, By Stanley Kubrick

3977 words - 16 pages What is horror? Webster's Collegiate Dictionary gives the primary definition of horror as "a painful and intense fear, dread, or dismay." It stands to reason then that "horror fiction" is fiction that elicits those emotions in the reader. An example of a horror film is "The Shining", directed by Stanley Kubrick. Stanley Kubrick was a well-known director, producer, writer and cinematographer. His films comprised of unique, qualitative scenes that

The Shining: All Meaning And No Play By Stanley Kubrick

1465 words - 6 pages Initially tanking at the box office, Stanley Kubrick's The Shining garnered a cult following and high appreciation many years after premiering. The film, differing from Stephen King's original novel, lacked speed and coherence; however, fans accumulated after noticing small details that conveyed entirely different messages. The director dedicated attention to every detail, causing confusion after noticeable inconsistencies and pointless

Stanley Kubrick's The Shining Essay

2526 words - 10 pages Stanley Kubrick's The Shining (1980) initially received quite a bit of negative criticism. The film irritated many Stephen King fans (and King himself) because it differed so greatly from the novel. The Shining also disappointed many filmgoers who expected a conventional slasher film. After all, Kubrick said it would be "the scariest horror movie of all time."1 Kubrick's films, however, never fully conform to their respective genres; they

The Power Of A Clockwork Orange, By Stanley Kubrick

1021 words - 5 pages A Clockwork Orange (1971) helped establish director Stanley Kubrick as one of the most innovative filmmakers of all time. For him film must be a work of art, and art exists for its own sake. The film has no goal beyond its own enjoyment. Given its subject matter—political corruption, hedonism, violence, and the elusiveness of moral certitudes—one might even go so far as to call A Clockwork Orange a nihilistic film in both form and content. This