The Shogun In Japanese History From 1192 A.D. Until 1867,

1579 words - 6 pages

The Shogun in Japanese History From 1192 A.D. until 1867, almost continuously, Japan was under the rule of a Shogun. The term is a derivative of "Sei-i-tai-shogun," which translates as "Great Barbarian Subduing General," and was first used in the Nara period. Although the regular structure of the empire remained intact, the Shogun became the de facto ruler of Japan. The Shoguns were not all great military leaders. Often to gain power one would need these skills, but for the vast majority of the period, the title was inherited or peacefully transferred. There were three main periods of Shogun rule: Kamakura, Ashikaga, and Tokugawa.The Kamakura Shogunate The first of the Shoguns was Yoritomo of the Minamoto clan. The Minamoto clan held power in the east, while their opponents, the Taira, were strong in the southwest. A series of power struggles marked the twelfth century, with the Taira emerging victorious over the Minamoto and the ruling Fujiwara in 1160. In 1180, the Yoritomo led a successful uprising, and drove the Taira from power in 1185.Yoritomo set up a military capital, or bakufu, in Kamakura after the conflict. The emperor bestowed the title of "Shogun" on him in 1192. Yoritomo was already extremely powerful because of his military network, and this designation made him even more so. The emperor became powerless against the new ruler in Kamakura.Yoritomo's power came from the new warrior class, the samurai, which he maintained as a privileged order, and from a network of political and military alliances. Yoritomo attached warriors to himself, and this was the seed of feudalism in Japan. Additionally, this allowed him to forbid ties with the royal court. Stewards of estates, and constables and protectors assigned to provinces by the shogun, and these positions eventually became hereditary.The Kamakura government was broken into three main bodies. The Samurai-dokoro or "service room" concentrated on the military, becoming involved in all aspects of a warrior's life. The Mandokoro, or "Council" made policy. The third body was the Monchujo, and was the judicial body of the Kamakura government. This established a link between the bakufu and the court in Kyoto. Yoritomo had established the groundwork for the rule of Japan by the shogun.In 1219 the Hojo family, gained power by eliminating the Minamoto heirs. They became the new military rulers of Japan. No Hojo would ever become shogun. Sometimes they would have figurehead shoguns appointed, but the Hojos ruled as the shikken, or "hereditary regent." Thus the power handed over by the emperor to a shogun, was in fact exercised by a Hojo regent.There was only one attempt by the court to regain control in this period. The emperor Go-Toba called all eastern warriors to a festival in 1221, with the intent of drawing them from their bases. Those sympathetic to the court proved to be no match for the Kamakura fighters. The Kamakura did not inflict harsh terms on the rebels, opting for exile and...

Find Another Essay On The Shogun in Japanese History From 1192 A.D. until 1867,

Effects of the Great Kanto Earthquake in Japanese History

2038 words - 8 pages directed towards the society, like the change in ways of communication. Ties were strengthened between the United States and Japan as the United States president at the time, Calvin Coolidge, raised money to support and help Japan recover from the earthquake’s terrible effects. This earthquake precipitated events that occurred in economics, politics, international relations, and society making it an important date in history for the Japanese

The political developments that occurred in East and West Berlin from 1949 until the late 1970's

1489 words - 6 pages and West Berlin from 1949 until the late '70s.But before we refer to those political developments it would be worthwhile mentioning that according to Richard Hiscocks and Robert Spencer in their book The Shaping of Post-war Germany, "both East and West Berlin had their own city administrations and assemblies. But while those in East Berlin are purely municipal, the West Berlin bodies have sovereign rights, and these rights are only limited by

The West Indies in Carolina: The Integration of Economic Exploitation into Colonization Efforts - University of Wisconsin-Madison, History: American History Until The Civil War Era - Research Paper

1566 words - 7 pages Barbadoes” in History of South Carolina, ed. Yates Snowden, 5 vols. (1920), vol. 1: 43.] [3: An act for the better ordering of Slaves in The Statutes at Large of South Carolina, eds. Thomas Cooper and David J. McCord, 10 vols. (Columbia, South Carolina, 1836-1841), vol. 7: 343.] Though Barbados plantation owners assisted in the early development of Carolina, how they went about their lives in Barbados varied from the intentions of the Carolinian

Japanese Internment: A Lesson from the Past

2528 words - 10 pages twisted and contorted until it turns into something different. Logic can be twisted and generalizations can be made in order to justify wrong actions. When looking back at the Japanese internment, the justifications that at the time made sense seem ridiculous. What generalizations and justifications are being made today that should be reconsidered? In an attempt to better understand the present, we must look to the past. Voices from the past

The History and Future of Japanese Economy

3474 words - 14 pages IntroductionJapan, a small island, resource-poor country, has shown the world a dramatic success and failure story in its history. Japanese have been working so hard after experiencing a huge lose from World War II that they have become one of the world's most important exporting country. But right now, Japan is suffering the pain of economic problems more than ever. First of all there is brief analysis of Japan's economy for the period of last

American and Japanese Perceptions Explored in Sailor Who Fell From Grace With The Sea

950 words - 4 pages A ship's horn wails in the distance. The long kiss is broken. The sailor's palate is once again wet with longing for the infinite freedom of the sea. It is in this world, where layers of opposite meaning crash as waves to rocks do, that Mishima's The Sailor Who Fell From Grace With The Sea is set. This tale of tragedy is one of a man caught in a tempest of moral collision in the interstice which borders freedom and entanglement. Inevitably

Nutrition in Ancient Greece (until the time of Homer)

805 words - 4 pages domesticated goats , pigs and cows in Crete since 6,000 BC by Bone artefacts . Indeed, from then until the modern era there is a widely usage of goats in Crete . We also know that during the Neolithic period in Greece , animals were bred for meat but not for dairy byproducts . However towards the end of the Neolithic period there is a “turn” to these by-products (milk and wool ) , also known as " secondary products revolution " (Secondary

Japanese History Paper on the Peace Constitution - Modern Japanese History Class - Essay

1123 words - 5 pages Two Different Stances on the ‘Peace Constitution’ Following the surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945, Japan signed the ‘Peace Constitution’ in effect from May 3, 1947, which was drawn up under the Allied occupations with the intention of replacing Japan’s previous militaristic, expansionistic and absolute monarchy system into a form of liberal democracy. It is most characteristic for the renunciation of war in its Article 9, that “Japanese

Ted Bundy From the Beginning of Taking Life Until the End of His

2451 words - 10 pages Psychology analysis tends to be vague NA Ted Bundy's Trail of Terror From the Beginning of Taking Life Until The End of His         Serial killers tend to be white heterosexual males in their twenties and thirties. While it is impossible to predict who will become a serial killer there are traits that appear to be similar in all killers. These behaviors include cruelty to animals, bedwetting, lying, drug and alcohol abuse, and a history

Discuss the impact of Diem's and Ho Chi Minh's policies on Vietnam from 1954 until 1970?

1050 words - 4 pages to unify the country. North Vietnam was left in economic and social disarray after the First Indochina War. The only solution to the situation was through massive reforms to rebuild the country. A land reform campaign began in early 1954 with the redistribution of land, seized from landlords, to the peasants. A policy of collectivisation was now formed, implemented and followed for the remainder of the war in which the means of production and

The japanese economy and where it gets its capital from

1310 words - 5 pages early 1600's, however, the rulers of Japan decided to cut the country's ties with the rest of the world. They wanted to keep Japan free from outside influences. Japan's isolation lasted until 1853, when Commodore Matthew C. Perry of the United States sailed his warships into Tokyo Bay. As a result of Perry's show of force, Japan agreed in 1854 to open two ports to U.S. trade.During the 1870's, the Japanese government began a major drive to revise

Similar Essays

History Of Religion In Politics Spanning From The 14th Century Until Now

1469 words - 6 pages revolutions. The printing press' first large endeavor was the printing of the Gutenberg bibles. The bibles were the first books printed in not only Europe but the first books ever printed in history. This made the bible less expensive and more accessible to the common people, which led more people to learn to read and create their own opinions on the bible and religion in general. This led to more people separating from the original views of Catholicism

What Can Be Learnt From The Acts Of The Apostles About Life And Society In The Cities Of The Eastern Mediterranean In The 1st Century A.D?

2406 words - 10 pages was another reason why historians believe Acts to be so important. F.F Bruce argues "that acts was conceived as a history of the origins of Christianity, covering the first sixty years of its existence" From previous studies it is known that Acts is full of references to certain Aspects of life in the 1st Century A.D. It provides references to such things as legal proceedings, commercial activities, religious allegiances and social structures

Explain How Russia And The Soviet Union Modernised From The Bolshevik Revolution In 1917 Until 1941

608 words - 2 pages Explain how Russia and the Soviet Union modernised from the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 until 1941.In 1917, as the political system of Russia was in turmoil, four years of war severely destabilised the Russian economy. Disruptions within the economy occurred due to the men on the battlefield, the loans the Russian government were taking to fund the war and the new policies introduced by the Provisional Government. In 1916 (figures not available

History Of Tea In Japan And The Japanese Tea Ceremony

3475 words - 14 pages that in every tea ceremony, the host prepares tea individually, instead of allocating the task to the servants. The Japanese tea ceremony grew as a “transformative practice”. In Chanoyu history, the pioneer of the tea ceremony is well-known as Murata Shuko. He learned about Zen from the monk Ikkyu, who revived Zen in the 15th century. Murata Shuko played a huge role of introducing the concept of wabi-sabi in the aesthetic of the tea ceremony