The Shrewd Tyrant Joseph Stalin’s Role In Ccp’s Victory Over Kuomintang During The Chinese Civil War (1936 1950)

3170 words - 13 pages

Wilson ChenWorld HistoryMr. HansonMay 16thThe Shrewd Tyrant -- Joseph Stalin's Role in CCP's Victory over Kuomintang during the Chinese Civil War (1936-1950)While Stalin is generally portrayed as an atrocious tyrant by most of the European countries including his homeground Russia, he never received such notorieties in China, even today; indeed, during the crazy age of 50s when the PRC was callowly established, Stalin was cracked up by the authoritative medias in China along with Chairman Mao just as the way North Korea do to Kim Jeong-eun and Kim Jeong Il nowadays. China's official flattery to Stalin could be thoroughly manifested by excerpts from the Renmin Daily published in 1949. "(Mao said) Stalin is leader of the World Revolution, which is a significant matter. It is a huge event that Stalin stood out from the entire human; with him, things are easy to handle… This is such a blessing… We need to celebrate him, support him, and also learn from him[1]." When Stalin died in 1953, his picture was put on the Tiananmen Square[2], signifying Stalin's unique stature in Chinese people's mind. It is difficult for Stalin to gain such venerations by simply providing the CCP with theoretical basis. As a matter of fact, since 1936, Stalin had actively guided and assisted CCP's combat against KMT; specific actions include providing Mao strategically guidance throughout the years of war; offering CCP a extremely initiative position in Manchuria right after the Japanese army withdrew; preliminarily distracted Chiang Kai-shek by pretending to support Chiang's will to construct a "Coalition Government" and constantly obstructing US from sending any form of assistance to Chiang's KMT using multiple tactics. Uncontroversially, Stalin made no less contributions to the victory of CCP than Mao and Zhou Enlai.Stalin made a number of decisions for Mao before and during the Chinese Civil War, though in which some Mao gladly obeyed and others grudgingly conceded. For instance, Stalin changed the course of Chinese-Japanese War in 1936. On December 12th of that year, under the instigation of Zhou Enlai, General Zhang Xueliang from KMT kidnapped Chiang Kai-shek in his apartment in Xian and delivered him to CPC. "Zhu De, Zhang Guotao, and others wanted to see Chiang and his fellow KMT generals killed immediately. Mao, 'laughing like mad,' felt the same way[3]". Whereas hours late when the news reached Moscow, Stalin felt exactly the opposite. Knowing that this would certainly undermined the benefit of Soviets, Stalin "ordered Mao to hold friendly talks with Chiang, find a peaceful solution, and release the KMT leader[4]". After making an agreement with Chiang to stand on the united front against the Japanese, Mao released Chiang back to Nanjing. Stalin not only saved Chiang's life but also changed the course of the war: he prevent further conflicts between KMT and CCP, averting KMT's sphere to Japanese instead of the CCP, providing them with time to expand...

Find Another Essay On The Shrewd Tyrant -- Joseph Stalin’s Role in CCP’s Victory over Kuomintang during the Chinese Civil War (1936-1950)


580 words - 2 pages Assess the view that the Red Army's victory in the Civil War was responsible for the establishment of power by 1924Whether the Red Army's role in the Civil War was vital for the Bolshevik consolidation of power is still debated by academics and historians alike. On one hand, it is argued that if the Red Army was not a disciplined force, the likes of Denikin and Wrangel would have assumed power in the Soviet Union. Furthermore, it is also argued

The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 Essay

1565 words - 6 pages The Spanish Civil War (July 18th 1936-April 1st 1939) was a conflict in which the incumbent Second Spanish Republic and political left-wing groups fought against a right-wing nationalist insurrection led by General Francisco Franco, who eventually succeeded in ousting the Republican government and establishing a personal dictatorship. It was the result of the complex political, economic and cultural divisions between Spanish coalitions within

The Spanish Civil War of 1936

1157 words - 5 pages The Spanish Civil War of 1936The Spanish revolution of 1936 initiated during the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. The Spanish Civil War was a major contest in Spain that started from a failed coup d’etat by a part of the army against the legitimate government of the Second Spanish Republic.Spain had encountered several civil wars and revolts in the previous century, caused by the reformists and the conservatives who attempted to displace

Was Northern Victory in the Civil War Inevitable?

613 words - 2 pages Was Northern Victory in the Civil War Inevitable? Several factors played in to the American Civil War that made it have the outcome that it did. Although the South had better trained officials due to their military school, the North was far more advanced than they. The North had the advantage over the South in several ways. However, the outcome of the Civil War was not inevitable: it was determined as much by human decisions and human

To what extent was the impact of the 2nd Sino-Japanese War on the GMD regime responsible for CCP’s victory?

1905 words - 8 pages : Osprey, 2010. Print.]The collapsed economy triggered by the 2nd Sino-Japanese War was another crucial factor to the CCP's victory in the civil war. This is epitomized by Michael Lynch, as he suggests, 'It is arguable that the single most powerful reason for the failure of the GMD government was inflation' During the war, the Japanese took over the most economically productive trade port cities on the coast and North China, which dominated 40% of

Diseases During the Civil War

3906 words - 16 pages The thought that diseases during the Civil War have led to improvements in particular elements of our lives today shows that war does have some positive elements nevertheless, the intention of this paper is not to advocate war. War is a devastating tragedy that should be avoided if it is at all possible. It is necessary, however, to examine lingering effects of war over the years. Although the vast majority of those effects are negative

Diseases During the Civil War

1644 words - 7 pages without even realizing it. This is further proven by his letter dated August 28th, in which he does not have any complaints of rheumatism. There were about 1,316,000 cases of malaria among Union soldiers during the Civil War. Although not as high as a number as other diseases faced by soldiers during the Civil War, this disease only occurred in the southern areas of the United States. Areas that had higher cases of malaria were areas of “high

Slavery During the Civil War

1305 words - 5 pages citizenship."(Douglass 3)He inspired people so deeply that even two of Douglass's own sons helped to contribute to the war effort as well. Volunteers began to respond and in May 1863 the United States government established the Bureau of Colored Troops to manage the burgeoning numbers of black soldiers. By the time that the Civil War was coming to an end, around 179,000 African American men served as soldiers in the U.S. Army. That was about 10% of the

Patriotism During The Civil War

695 words - 3 pages When looking back in history there were many wars, and with wars come citizens who are patriotic and serve during the wars. During the Civil War, people had been patriotic in many ways other than going to war. The women, who were at home taking care of the family, would send patriotic envelopes which contained letters that would raise the spirits of those fighting. Some would have flags on them and they would have slogans and mottos saying “God

To What Extent Was Lincoln's Leadership Essential to the Northern Victory in the Civil War

1881 words - 8 pages This investigation will evaluate to what extent was Lincoln’s leadership essential to the Northern victory in the Civil War? In order to determine whether or not Lincoln’s presidential leadership truly did influence the outcome of the American Civil War, the investigation focuses on several historical accounts of his life and presidency during the years in which the Civil War took place. His decisions during this time period, as well as any

Key Factors That Led to Union Victory in the Civil War

2788 words - 11 pages soldiers died. The number of deaths totaled just over two percent of the entire population of the United States at the time ("Civil War Facts" pg.1). The individual aspects that lead to the Unions victory over the Confederacy are many, each one however was as critical as the other in the overall picture. This war could have easily swung in the South's favor on numerous occasions, and had the North not enjoyed some of the many advantages listed

Similar Essays

Role Of The Sino Japanese War For Communist Victory In Chinese Civil War

2036 words - 8 pages A. IntroductionIn my Essay I will be focusing on the Role of the Sino-Japanese War against other factors for Communist victory in Chinese Civil War. My objectives are to examine the strengths and weaknesses of the Communist and Nationalists respectively during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1941) and analyse how this in turn contributed to Communist victory. Upon which I will elaborate on the other factors that contributed to Communist success in

Factors That Led To Northern Victory During The Civil War

2250 words - 9 pages north won the civil war was written by Andrew F. Smith in 1946. Smith teaches food studies at the New School University in New York has edited or authored 24 books and written over 1000 articles. The book was written to analyze factors that led to northern victory and southern defeat during the civil war and mainly focuses on the distribution and availability of food in the south during that time and explains how these factors led to southern

Georgia?S Role During The Civil War

656 words - 3 pages Throughout the 1850’s a division in the country between North and South widened. However, in spite of the rising rhetoric, the state of Georgia was far from becoming a “war machine.” In Marietta, the Georgia Military Institute went to the state for funds only three times between 1852 and 1863. Throughout the state, railroads were being built up for economic reasons, not reasons of war. Atlanta was concerned about fighting equipment for its

Wrestling Over Civil Right's During Reconstruction

931 words - 4 pages Wrestling over Civil Right's during ReconstructionAfter the civil war our nation faced the difficult task of reuniting the states. Over 2 million slaves had been freed after the civil war and one fifth of white males had died in the war. Plantation owners traditionally ruled southern society and they were not in favor of granting any sort of social or political standing to the Negroes. The Northerner's supported the idea of a social structure