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The Ill Future Of Germany And Bismarck's Mistake In Taking Alsace Loraine.

1199 words - 5 pages

In the short time following Hans Blix's devastating report and President Bush's compelling State of the Union address, Saddam Hussein looks increasingly more like a dead man walking. In all likelihood, Baghdad will be liberated by April. This may turn out to be one of those hinge moments in history--events like the storming of the Bastille or the fall of the Berlin Wall--after which everything is different. Another such moment is history was the commencement and culmination of the Franco-Prussian war. The ascertainment of Alsace-Lorraine following this complex and nearly imperialistic war yielded a nearly unilateral evil; moreover, an evil with far reaching and widespread effects. From the instigation of this war Bismarck was acting as nothing more but a Napoleon Bonaparte; a ruler acting out of nothing more than physical gain.At the core of the argument in favor of Bismarck's actions is the entity of the unification of the Germanic states. With this argument comes its inherent flaw; the notion that two or more states can not share a common language or philosophy, yet be under separate rule. Such a belief, and the basis for Bismarck's imperialism, has been disproved since time immemorial. While much of Latin and South America act as independent countries sharing the same language and customs, Bismarck felt the need for a singular federation and with this so-called "need" came the respective actions: the numerous wars, treaties, bribes, and appeasement. By no means is it thought that Bismarck is anything short of a great military mind; being successful in nearly all his excursions and thinking in the future, but this future planning lacked a correlation and did not coincide with the short future after the Franco-Prussian wars.The Franco-Prussian War began as a hedonistic plot which would lead to the ill reputed opinion of France. This attitude created for nothing more than establishing a united state and ascertaining the rights to additional land. Pre-1870 Prussia lacked a southern border that lay outside the fold of their control and in the hands of France and Napoleon III. In acts almost reminiscent of Article 40 of the UN Charter, Bismarck refused to be thought of as an aggressor in a wartime situation and so he conceived a great plan to create a war with France. The immediate "causis belli" of the war was the candidacy of the German prince Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen for the Spanish throne; a throne which lie vacant since 1868. In an altruistic effort, King William was asked by the French Ambassador Benedetti to secure Leopold's withdrawal of the throne, but it was declared out of the king's control or interest. After much deliberation the King was apparently persuaded by Bendetti to force Leopold to retract and here is where the matter should have rested. Bismarck's ingenuity fanned the embers of Germanic bad feeling into the flame of war.Bendetti once again approached the great King asking for an unequivocal promise that Leopold and...

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