1. Kierkegaard believes that truth is only a subjective process. Truth only exists from the subjective existing of the individual and cannot be found in a complete system. Objective truth to Kierkegaard is a simply an idea created by the illusion of subjective existence that one can have complete and true objective knowledge of something that exists out in the world. This is evident when he states, “In the objective sense, thought is understood as being a pure thought; this corresponds in an equally abstract-objective sense to its object, which object is therefore the thought itself, and truth becomes correspondence of thought with itself. This objective thought has no relation to the existing subject” (31).
When Kierkegaard states that “truth is subjectivity” and the “truth of subjectivity is faith” he is arguing that since there can never be objective truth, all one can do is turn inward and focus on existential being. Once one turns their focus inward they can they find the real truth of their existence, and that existence is the action relational happening of relating of oneself to oneself, and to God.
2. The knight of infinite resignation to Kierkegaard is one who has realized the loss of all meaning in life. They have accepted the world as something that is beyond their objective understanding and have infinitely resigned themselves of any search for meaning and have achieved a sort of peace which can only come from the loss of all hope for escape. Kierkegaard argues that road to the knight of faith only goes through the knight of infinite resignation. Only by infinitely resigning oneself to the loss of all meaning can one take the next action of taking the leap of faith. The knight of faith takes focuses internally on their own finitude and embraces the impossible. Kierkegaard uses the analogy of a knight in love with a princess who knows that it is impossible for them to be together, yet in spite of that knowledge believes in his entirety that they will be together by renouncing the temporal finite world and knowing that for God all things are possible. By embracing the impossibility of the outcome and yet still believing the knight of faith embraces the absurd.
3. The ethical to Kierkegaard is the codes of conduct created by people through reason and are true for all people at all times. However, if this were true it would be an objective knowable truth which would become a contradiction to the idea of faith. Kierkegaard explains the “teleological suspension of the ethical” with the story of Abraham following God’s call to sacrifice his son Isaac on Mt. Moriah. He states that, when called upon, Abraham did not bargain, beg, question, or second guess his duty. Abraham followed his instructions in a way only possible as a knight of faith. By completely faithing he set aside finite logic embraced the absurdity of his belief that by sacrificing his only son he would have gained him back.
Kierkegaard argues that any other reason...