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The Importance Of Biodiversity Essay

1560 words - 6 pages

What exactly is Biodiversity? Biodiversity is generally defined as “the existence of many different kinds of plants and animals in an environment.” (Merriam Webster Dictionary, n.d.) However, there is no single definition for biodiversity. One definition for biological diversity is “a diversity among and within plant and animal species in an environment” (Biological Diversity, n.d.). Biodiversity can also be defined as “the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region” (Biological Diversity, n.d.). Another definition is “the variability among living organisms on the earth, including the variability within and between species and within and between ecosystems” (Biological Diversity, n.d.). There are at least two levels at which biodiversity has been identified as: genetic diversity and ecological diversity.
Genetic diversity is where we can best see the development and changes in diversity. This includes the various types of genes that are accessible for set members of a species. This can include a family, a population, a region, or the entire species. This much variety in genes allows that species to have a multitude of inherited traits that allow it to survive through any changes in the environment. Species with slight hereditary diversity have limited ability to adapt to changing weather conditions or insect pests. An example of which is farm hybrids, which are special breeds of crops or livestock that are all closely related. Two examples of this are the mule, which is a hybrid of a male donkey and a female horse, and a hinny, which is the hybrid of a female donkey and a male horse. Species that are deficient in genetic diversity have a hard time adapting to an altering environment and have a high risk of becoming extinct without intervention of some kind. Some very careful maintenance goes into assisting farm crops and animals. At the opposite end of the spectrum, characteristics of genetically healthy populations include many beings that are completely unrelated to each other.
Ecological diversity is the variation of habitat styles that are offered in a given area. These habitats can have very dissimilar physical characteristics. Some examples of this are temperature and soil type, as well as different entities occupying them. After the habitat with all its organisms and their multifaceted exchanges are careful measured together, it is characterized as an ecosystem. Ecosystem diversity is normally referred to as the level that is deliberated in relation to biodiversity.
Many different people for a variety of reasons have argued the value of biodiversity, but they all point to a unified ideal of conservation. Humans would need to ensure that our natural resources are available for all of our future generations. Several assemblies and establishments in our modern society also are aware of the intrinsic value of biodiversity in all of its forms. Some examples of this include waste managers, pharmacists, the food...

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