The Importance Of Dharma And Karma In Hindu Literature.

1753 words - 7 pages

Dharma is the moral law that Hindus follow throughout life. Through the teachings of Bhagavad Gita, one can find the right way of living and the correct attitude for every situation. In Hinduism, the sacred `song of God' was composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Sanskrit epic, Mahabharata. It contains a discussion between Krishna and the Indian hero Arjuna on human nature and the purpose of life. This "song of God" is the Bhagavad-Gita Gita. According to the Gita, Dharma is the purpose of life.Hindu Dharma, popularly called Hinduism, is the religion of over a billion Hindus, who mostly live in India, but have large populations in many other countries. Hindu Dharma is also known as Vaidika Dharma, meaning "religion of the Vedas," the ancient Hindu scriptures. The original name of Hindu Dharma is Sanãtana Dharma, or "universal religion." .Unlike other religions, Hindu Dharma did not originate from a single person, a single book, or at a single point in time. The foundations of this oldest surviving religion were laid by ancient rishis or sages, who taught their disciples the eternal principles of life they had discovered through their meditations The rishis did not claim authorship of these spiritual principles. Although some names are mentioned in scriptures, nobody knows exactly who these people were or when they lived. Thus, Hindu Dharma is essentially a religion of principles rather than persons."Hindu Dharma is analogous to a fruit tree, with its roots representing the Vedas and the Upanishads, the thick trunk symbolizing the spiritual experiences of numerous sages and saints, its branches representing various theological traditions, and the fruit itself, in different shapes and sizes, symbolizing various sects and sub sects."(Introduction)According to Gita, the path of devotion is the easiest path to finding God. With worship and meditation, people can find God. Along with worship, action is required. Action is the way of surviving but it should not bind the person, instead this action must free the person. Therefore, action and work must be treated like worship and must be done in the most feasible way and to the best of one's ability. Yet, one must work and offer the fruits of this work to God. The Gita teaches that we should live a detached life, whatever we do is only God's work done through us. This detachment does not mean we run away from the responsibility, instead, it means that we do our best and be free from our objects of desire. We should reject all worldly things in order to achieve spirituality. Therefore, our work should not contain selfish interest, as it should be offered as a service to others and its fruits to God. This is the main theme of the teachings of Gita that apply to every aspect of life.According to this view, for example, a student should look for knowledge and perform the academic tasks not to earn grades or a degree hoping for a better life or a good salary. A student doing that is acting with...

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