The clash between good and evil perpetually permeates humanity. Balance of these forces through equality and tranquility is a goal sought after to amend injustice. Impartiality creates balance within a society. In addition, fairness through the application of law is a cornerstone of countless civilizations. The members of civilizations taught moralities through the tenets of religion heavily influence their integrity. The many manifestations and interpretations of righteousness confirm the eternal goal of civilization to do good unto others. Justice restores and perpetuates humanity’s high moral standing.
Justice means doing benevolent actions for the betterment of humanity. Justice is defined as the “maintenance of legal, social, or moral principles by the exercise of authority or power; assignment of deserved reward or punishment” (Brown 1466). The presence of justice sustains the moral values present in society. The word justice originated in 1140 and it has not changed in spelling nor has it changed in meaning over time. Justice comes from the French word justise, meaning upright and equitable (Barnhart 409). Upright, also means a structural column which holds what is above it. This is similar to justice, that is like a pillar that supports civilization and it is necessary for the functioning of society. Likewise, equity is necessary in order to achieve fairness . The law, a common synonym for justice, maintains order and regulation (Urdang 250). This synonym echoes the other ideas linked with justice. All of these meanings are necessary to have an ideal society with the presence of justice.
Since mankind’s inception, man has always seen the need for justice. Civilization and government use justice as a platform for their existence. The Austrian psychiatrist Sigmund Freud ("Freud, Sigmund") said, “The first requisite of civilization… is that of justice”. (Andrews 491) Civilization’s need for justice derives from the need for democracy, which promotes equality. Reinhold Niebuhr, an American social thinker ("Niebuhr, Reinhold") said, "Man's capacity for justice makes democracy possible, but man's inclination to injustice makes democracy necessary”. (The Oxford Dictionary 362) This is evident in the government of the United States. At first only white men could partake in government. This appalling inequality led to African-Americans and women demanding the right to vote and stopping the injustice brought against them. In the movie 12 Angry Men, the story of a trial with a jury of varying backgrounds and beliefs, justice is a theme at the forefront.
Juror #8: It's always difficult to keep personal prejudice out of a thing like this. And wherever you run into it, prejudice always obscures the truth. I don't really know what the truth is. I don't suppose anybody will ever really know. Nine of us now seem to feel that the defendant is innocent, but we're just gambling on probabilities - we may be wrong. We may be trying to let a guilty man go...