The Significance of Plot Events within the Psychoanalysis Theory in Lord of the Flies
Sigmund Freud’s theory on the components of the human mind has been around for over a century, and although not used much anymore, Psychoanalysis is a useful tool for decoding many pieces of literature. In this case, Freud’s theory is especially useful in finding an allegory for William Golding’s Lord of the Flies. For the most part, the Psychoanalysis theory is used in terms of the three components of the mind; the Id, the Ego and the Superego. However, Lord of the Flies is an allegorical interpretation for Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalysis theory in regards to the plot events as oppose to the characters. This is proven by specific plot events such as the crash on to the island, the murder of both Piggy and Simon, and the rescue from the island.
Firstly, one of the plot events to support the use of Psychoanalysis in Golding’s novel is the initial event, the plane crash sending all of the boys onto the deserted island. The crash is symbolic of a psychologically traumatic event, such as a sudden death of a loved one or the witness of a disaster. Because the boys did not remember crashing onto the island, it is proven that the mind being used in this interpretation is that of a child or young person, as they tend to deny traumatic events to the point that they genuinely do not remember them at all. It is when they are trying to remember the event that the boys argue: “’Some of them must’ve got out. They must have, mustn’t they?’... ‘He must’ve flown off after he dropped us. He couldn’t land here. Not in a plane with wheels.’ ... ‘We was attacked!’” (Golding 8) Ralph and Piggy were the first to find each other, and they were both trying to get their stories straight, proving that neither of them was too sure of what had happened. Like a traumatic event, the boys had pushed it out of their minds, therefore proving that the novel is symbolic of the human brain. After some time on the island, the boys had completely pushed all their memory of the crash out of their minds, and even their memories of their lives before their arrival on the island. Percival, one of the littluns, is the best demonstration of this as he had been reciting his address to himself so not to forget it, but later on can no longer remember it. This shows just how far into the back of their minds the young boys had pushed this very traumatic event, so far that even Percival, the littluns who had practically been trained to remember where he came from could no longer recall. It is the use of this scarring and painful event that proves the presence of Freud’s theory in Lord of the Flies as oppose to the use of characters.
Another point to prove that the use of the Psychoanalysis theory is present in Golding’s novel with regards to the plot events is the murder of both Simon and Piggy. The loss of Piggy and Simon, who were representing the Superego and the fictional “ultra” Superego in Freud’s...