The Importance Of Prenatal Care Essay

2060 words - 8 pages

The Importance of Prenatal Care

Prenatal care is widely accepted as an important element in improving pregnancy outcome. (Gorrie, McKinney, Murray, 1998). Prenatal care is defined as care of a pregnant woman during the time in the maternity cycle that begins with conception and ends with the onset of labor. A medical, surgical, gynecologic, obstretic, social and family history is taken (Mosby's Medical, Nursing, and Allied Health Dictionary, 1998). It is important for a pregnant woman as well as our society to know that everything that you do has an effect on your baby. Because so many women opt not to receive the benefits of prenatal care, our society sees the ramification, which include a variety of complications primarily related to the baby. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommendations, prenatal care must be started prior to the fourth month of gestation and have more than 13 visits to be considered adequate. Any deviation in the guidelines deems the care as inadequate.
The focus of this paper is to inform not just women about the problems that can arise from inadequate care, but our entire society. By being well informed about the benefits of prenatal care, people can make more accurate decisions. We must also focus on the reasons why women choose not to obtain adequate care, and strive to improve medical care in hopes of increasing the number of women who receive prenatal care. It is essential for nurses to have a clear understanding of prenatal care, why some women did not have it, and how to educate clients and families about the benefits.
Incidence, Prevalence, Population
Approximately 475 newborns were born each day to mothers who began prenatal care in the third trimester or had no prenatal care at all (as cited in Gorrie, McKinney, & Murray, 1998). Of this number, 7.3% weighed less than 5lbs. 8oz. and were thus considered low birth weight births. Preterm births increased from 9.4% in 1984 to 11% in 1993(as cited in MCN, 1998). African Americans had low birth weights that more than doubled those of whites and very low birth weights were three times higher. Many of the low birth weight births resulted in death. According to the National Vital Statistics Report, the figures for the United States from 1998 are as follows:
82.8% of mothers received first trimester care
3.9% received late or no care
63.2% of teen mothers age 15-19 received first trimester care

8.8% of teen mothers received late or no care
12.6% was the median number of care visits
Literature Review
While some women who received no prenatal care had normal, uncomplicated births, others did not. Most of the women who did not receive adequate prenatal care gave birth to an underweight and underdeveloped infant. Among the benefits of early, comprehensive prenatal care are decreased risk of preterm deliveries and low birth weight (LBW)-both major predictors of infant morbidity and mortality....

Find Another Essay On The Importance of Prenatal Care

Prenatal Genetic Tests: The Future of Procreation

2392 words - 10 pages tested for certain genetic changes. Only embryos without these changes are implanted in the uterus to initiate a pregnancy ("What are the types of genetic tests?”). The technology to perform preimplantation genetic diagnosis has been worked on for years, but is finally becoming a reality. Many people think that this technique is unethical because you are playing the hand of God, and killing humans. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis and prenatal

The Importance of Palliative Care for the Dying Patient

1738 words - 7 pages Comfort measures are crucial for the dying patient and their loved ones. Comfort measures, not only, include pain management but also massage, music, position changes, and heat, which are all just as important. Palliative care is an extremely important aspect of nursing. Palliative care “focuses more broadly on improving life and providing comfort to people of all ages with serious, chronic, and life-threatening illnesses” (

The Importance of Inter-Professional in Delivering Effective Health Care

900 words - 4 pages The practice of using inter-professional teams in delivering care is not a new concept but there is now there is current healthcare policy in place that healthcare professionals should work within a multidisciplinary team Department of Health (2001b) and requirement of the NMC (2008). The emphasis of this essay is to discuss the importance of inter-professional in delivering effective health care and what challenges and constraints exist. The

The Importance to Care Users of Being Heard

1632 words - 7 pages There is much importance placed on care givers being able to support people to “have a voice and be heard” Indeed as one of the five K101 principles of care practice, the relevance of care workers being able to achieve this is paramount to the wishes and feelings of the service users being upheld, to establish and ensure good care practice. In this assignment I aim to discuss how carers can assist service users in this way, focusing on several

The importance of Effective Communication in Health-Care

2065 words - 8 pages is of utmost importance for building a trustful caring relationship and for enhancing family health” (2008, p.106). Given what has been demonstrated above study, family-centered care is an approach that should incorporate in nursing care. In the respect, nurses must keep a therapeutic communication with family members to ensure them that care is intended to the entire family, not just the patient while keeping parameters in place to protect

The Effects of Prenatal Cocaine-Exposure On Cognitive Development

1667 words - 7 pages the experiment and screened for drug use. The women tested and used for this experiment were labeled as “high-risk” if they had received no prenatal care, had a history with human services in any of their past pregnancies, had the appearance of intoxication, or had admitted to the staff of their drug use. Of the 415 women in the study, 197 were tested negative for drug use and 218 were tested positive for drug use before and during pregnancy. The

The Effect of Exposure to Alcohol During Prenatal Development

2993 words - 12 pages Exposure to alcohol during prenatal development is one of the leading causes of preventable birth defects and mental impairments (Bower, Szajer, Mattson, Riley, & Murphy, 2013; Nuñez, Roussotte, &Sowell, 2011; Sowell et al., 2008a). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), the more severe form of PAE, affects two to seven out of every 1000 individuals in the United States (May et al., as cited in Simmons, Thomas, Levy & Riley, 2010). The term Fetal

Pregnancy and the Psychological Dangers of Prenatal Surgery

1691 words - 7 pages Pregnancy and the Psychological Dangers of Prenatal Surgery For hundreds of years, birth was regarded as a miracle. It was the beginning of a new life and it was difficult to control, predict, or affect. However, through the scientific developments of the last 100 years, the miracle of birth has been broken down into an exact science. The variables of labor have been accounted for, with a number of procedures designed to protect the

The Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) and the Importance of Lifelong Learning

1741 words - 7 pages Introduction According to the Health and Care Professionals Council (HCPC) continuing professional development is defined as “the way professionals continue to learn and develop throughout their careers so they keep their skills and knowledge up to date and are able to work safely, legally and effectively.” (HCPC, 2012). Continuing professional development (CPD) is an important factor of health care professionals work and practice as it

The Effect of Prenatal Stress on Sexual Behavior of Male Rats

1263 words - 6 pages developing into an atypical male or female during the activational period. Frye and Orecki (2002) examined the affect of prenatal environment of female rats on their sexual behavior later in life. Their research analyzed the behavioral inhibition of the female rats in mating (Frye and Orecki, 2002). Frye and Orecki (2002) performed tests on a control group, and a group that were prenatally stressed, and compared their behavior toward a male rat

The Quality of Care

1321 words - 5 pages There are many different types of care within the care sector and it is within these, that service users and carers form relationships. Using the studies from the Open University K101 ’An Introduction to Health and Social Care’ block one material, we read of some of these types of care; family carers in the case of Ann and her step-father, Angus, who suffers from Parkinson’s, and formal carers; with Anwar and his newly diagnosed diabetes with

Similar Essays

The Importance Of The Affordable Care Act

2160 words - 9 pages , those from different socioeconomic backgrounds, with a good and competent health care plan. The purpose of this essay is to show the importance of the ACA, as general health is more important than monetary cost. Formerly, the ACA has been controversial in many presidential elections and so no one has ever been entirely successful in materializing the idea of universal health care until the Obama administration in 2010. This fight, for health

The Importance Of Health Care Adminstration

978 words - 4 pages Health care institutions are bound to fail without the leadership of skilled and educated Health Care Administrators, also referred to as Chief Executive Officers (CEOs). Whatever types of health intuition, whether mental health facilities, hospitals, private or practice facilities or even a dentist’s office. They all must have an educated, effective and skilled administrator who is capable of leading a fully operational staff and facility

The Pros And Cons Of Prenatal Screening

1335 words - 5 pages blood group and child. Gfgf Thus, by eliminating the disorders and complication, human will be able to live with a high quality of life. Moreover, prenatal screening also prevents the doctor from medical legal issue. Currently, courts in about half of the New York either recognize "wrongful birth" as a category of medical negligence or allow lawsuits to be brought against physicians if lax prenatal care leads to delivery of an infant that the

The Negative Effects Of Prenatal Testing

2526 words - 10 pages serious condition and requires constant medical care, such as repeated blood transfusions, the couple may opt to have a second child that could be a compatible donor. But, the first fetus created may not be the right fit for this situation, causing the parents to abort the baby, through the process of selective abortion. Prenatal tests are not always accurate, leading parents to make decisions, such as abortion, based on false information, also