The Importance Of Stem Cell Research

1805 words - 7 pages

In a society where faster means better and technology has rapidly taken over the lives of people, the means of human health have changed. The advance in medical research has led to the development of using existing cells within the body and placentas of humans to heal critical injuries that usually take years to fully return to normal (Boniello). The cells are commonly referred to as stem cells which can turn into different types of cells depending on the injury, location, and what the body requires. Scientists realize the importance of stem cells and the power they have, “In the beginning, one cell becomes two, and two become four. Being fruitful they multiply into a ball of many cells, a shimmering sphere of human potential” (Weiss). The extraction of these cells, however, stirs much controversy from religious groups. This is because the stem cells that scientist prefer to use to get better results are from human embryos and placentas. Experts in stem cell research may use different methods of acquiring stem cells but all agree that how the world decides the use of embryonic stem cells will say a lot about our character and what will become of the human race (Weiss). Ralph Fariello, Director of Cedar Knolls has this to say, “Researchers can derive 10 times more stem cells by processing a placenta than by simply taking blood from the umbilical cord alone” (Boniello). Although stem cells derived from embryos, placentas, and umbilical cords are very difficult to get, adult stem cells are just as useful. Stem cell research is a leading breakthrough in medical history because it repairs the human body with existent cells, quick recovery time, and can lead to new discoveries.
Stem cells start out basic and transform when put into different regions of the body as they get the time to mature into the specific types of cells needed in that area (Heger). The cells change depending on where they are at, “Stem cells take up to three weeks to begin producing new cells or bone marrow, a process called engraftment” (Odle). Depending on the location of where the stem cell is at, the cell can turn into a ligament, a tendon, or even a bone. Before technology advanced, stem cells were delivered through the mouth and the cells would travel by bloodstream to the location it was needed. Advancement in stem cell research has made it possible for some of a patient’s diseased cells to blend with new cells (Odle). This allows for the new cells to adapt and take over the diseases cells so the bacteria or virus does not continue to grow and become worse (Saar). In order for the stem cells to work properly, they must change into a specific form will help the patient.
In order to prevent a disease, researchers must be able to transform cells into the type they need, “In March, a University of Wisconsin team reprogrammed skin fibroblasts into embryonic stem cells without incorporating the viral or other foreign DNA that can lead to complications like...

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