The Significance Of The Cuban Missile Crisis

2160 words - 9 pages

When speaking about the Cuban Missile Crisis, President Kennedy said, "It is insane that two men, sitting on opposite sides of the world, should be able to decide to bring an end to civilization” (“Nuclear Test Ban Treaty” 1). the Cuban Missile Crisis was a time where these two men, Kennedy and Khrushchev, had the power in their hands to end civilization. In order to understand the importance of the Cuban Missile Crisis one must understand, the Cold war drama; the dangerous crisis; and its importance today.
In order to understand the importance of the Cuban Missile Crisis in American history one must first understand the Cold War drama, Castro’s rise to power, and the American operations that set up the crisis. “The term Cold War refers to the post-World war II global geostrategic, economic, and ideological competition between the East, led by the Soviet Union, and the west, led by the United States”, the east was communist, and the west was ruled by democracy. The war began when stalin refused democracy and continued his dictatorship after World war 2. The Cold War quickly turned from a war on communism into a race for the greatest nuclear weapons; it turned dangerous because the theory of mass destruction showed that if one side fired a missile at the other, then the other would retaliate, and so on, and in the end, the world would be destroyed. This war started in 1947, and would last until 1991 (“Cold War”1). Soon a new soviet dictator would arise to join the war, Fidel Castro grew up in a middle-class home while Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar was the dictator of Cuba. In 1953, Castro attempted to take down Batista and was arrested. When, in 1955, Castro was released, he went to Mexico, and gathered a group to help him take down Batista. They returned to Cuba and the group sabotaged Batista until, on January 1 1959, the dictator fled Cuba and Castro, supported by the U.S., he came to power (“Cuban missile Crisis”1). Castro intended on helping Cuba’s high poverty, but Castro did not turn Cuba into a democracy like he said he would (“Cuban missile Crisis”2). In 1960 the soviet premier attempted to convince Castro to become communist, soon after this castro became communist, probably influenced by the soviet premier (“Cuban missile Crisis”3). A new american president, that could probably change the war, was coming into office around this time, President Kennedy. The new president would take on the problem of this new cuban leader (International Encyclopedia of the… 1). Before him, Eisenhower trained about 1,500 Cuban Exiles in secret to try to take over Cuba, Kennedy allowed this to go on. On april 17, the exils attempted to invade Cuba(“Cuban missile Crisis”3). Since Castro had found out about the invasion, he was ready and defeated the the incoming force easily(“Cuban missile Crisis”3-4). The failed invasion seemed to help the Cuban opinion of Castro. He was now an obvious threat and so the U.S. decided to start operation Mongoose. Operation...

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