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The Significant And Enduring Impact Louis Pasteur Had On Public Health

1203 words - 5 pages

The intention of this paper is to examine the significant and enduring impact Louis Pasteur had on public health and wonderful advances in medicines and invention of vaccines. Louis Pasteur was a truly talented person who made many various discoveries in different areas of science. He invented Pasteurization, the process of treating milk free of damage causing microorganisms (Louis Pasteur, 2014). In 1843, Louis enrolled at the Ecole Normale Supe´rieure in Paris, where he focused in the origins of life. During the time he was professor in Strasbourg, France, he started investigating fermentation, which is a chemical process that breaks down organic substance. Pasteur became drawn to the field of transmittable diseases and the discovery of a vaccine against fowl cholera that can be considered as the birth of immunology (Berche, 2012). In 1854, he became professor of chemistry and was elected as a member of the French Academy of Medicine (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2002). In 1856, Pasteur was chosen as the administrator of scientific studies of the École Normale Supérieure. Pasteur wrote several books and journals (Thefamouspeople.com.2014). In 1895, Pasteur studied rabies in 1882, which is a transmittable disease spread by the bite of rabies-infected animals, and spent many hours in his laboratory in search of a vaccine to prevent rabies (HowstuffWorks.com. 2009).
Louis Pasteur Childhood
Louis Pasteur was born in 1822 to Jean-Joseph Pasteur and Jeanne-Etiennette Roqui and the family lived in Dole, Jura, Franche-Comté, France (Berche, 2012). Louis parents educated their family in values, loyalty, respect for hard work, and monetary security. His father served as a sergeant in Napoleon’s army, and opened a tannery when he returns home. When he was a child, Louis enjoyed being with his younger sisters, Jeanne and Josephine, and listening to his father’s tales of Emperor Napoleon’s wars. Louis was a somber and not a particularly bright adolescent, but hard working and wishing to fulfill his father’s dream, specifically to become a schoolteacher (Berche, 2012). Louis drew comprehensive drawings that would help him draw what he saw in the microscope. Fortitude also came in his childhood when a wolf bit his friend and nearly died from rabies (Berche, 2012).
Louis Pasteur Education
Louis received his bachelor's degree in letters in August of 1840. Louis received his doctoral degree in 1847 with a thesis on crystallography. Pasteur studied how certain crystals affect light and at the age of 26, he started working on his doctoral thesis on crystallography, the study of forms and structures of crystals. Louis began working with two acids commonly found in the sediments of fermenting wine. Tartaric acid and paratartaric acid were found a few years earlier to have the same chemical composition, but there was something about these two acids that were different and Louis sought to find the answer. He found that in solution the two rotated...

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