The Similarties Between Nietzsche And Frueds Views On The Unconscious

1678 words - 7 pages

There were two great minds in this century. One such mind was that of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939). In the year 1923 he created a new view of the mind. That view encompassed the ideawe have split personalities and that each one have their own realm, their own tastes, their ownprinciples upon which they are guided. He called these different personalities the id, ego, andsuper ego. Each of them are alive and well inside each of our unconscious minds, separate butyet inside the mind inhabiting one equal plane. Then there was Nietzsche (1844-1900) whoformulated his own theories about the sub-conscious. His ideas were based on the fact thatinside each and every one of us is a raging battle going on. This battle involves the two mostbasic parts of society, the artistic Dionysian and the intelligent Apollonian. Sometimes one beingbecomes more dominant than the other or they both share the same plane. Even thoughindividually created, these theories could be intertwined, even used together. Thus it is theobject of this paper to prove that the Freudian theory about the unconscious id, and ego areanalogous to the idea on the Apollonian and Dionysian duality's presented by Nietzsche.'The division of the psychical into what is conscious and what is unconscious is thefundamental premise of psycho-analysis; and it alone makes it possible for psycho-analysis tounderstand the pathological processes in mental life...' (Freud, The Ego and the Id, 3). To say itanother way, psycho-analysis cannot situate the essence of the psychial in consciousness, but ismandated to comply consciousness as a quality of the pyschial, which may be present (Freud,The Ego and the ID, 3). '...that what we call our ego behaves essentially passively in life, andthat, as he expresses it, we are 'lived' by unknown and uncontrollable forces,' (Groddeck,quoted from Gay, 635). Many, if not all of us have had impressions of the same, even thoughthey may not have overwhelmed us to the isolation of all others, and we need to feel nohesitation in finding a place for Groddeck's discovery in the field of science. To take it intoaccount by naming the entity which begins in the perception system. And then begins by beingthe 'ego,' and by following his [Groddeck's] system in identifying the other half of the mind, intowhich this extends itself and acts as if it were unconscious, namely the id. It could then be saidthat the id represents the primitive, unconscious basis of the psyche dominated by primary urges.The psyche of a newly-born child, for instance, is made up of primarily the id. But then contactwith that child and the outside world modifies the id. This modification then creates the next partof the psyche, the ego, which begins to differentiate itself from the id and the rest of the psyche(Dilman, 163).The ego should be seen primarily as Freud puts it is, '...first and foremost a bodily ego; itis not merely a surface entity, but is itself the projection of a surface,' (Freud, The Ego and theId,...

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