The maiden voyage of the RMS Titanic will always be a day marked in history as a night to remember. Why did the Titanic not make it to her port in New York City from her trek across the Atlantic Ocean? The Titanic was designed to take passengers from England, France and Ireland to North America (Gunner). What happened that night the Titanic sank down to her cold watery grave to the bottom North Atlantic? Was it from the design of the ship or perhaps from poor building materials, human naivety and error; or simply a combination of all of these things? The Titanic’s sinking was a combination of all these things but mostly from human naivety and error with their belief of the ship to be unsinkable.
The Titanic was built by White Star Lines under the management of J. Bruce Ismay. He had the Belfast shipbuilders Harland and Wolff build the Titanic along with two other ships. The ship builders worked nine hours each day for six days out of the week until the Titanic was finished being built. On April 10, 1912 the RMS Titanic began her maiden voyage (Gunner).
The massive ship was about 880 feet long, ninety feet in breadth, weighed about 52,300 tons, and had 4.6 million cubic feet of space (Gunner). The Titanic was supposed to be watertight, and for safety elements, it had sixteen watertight compartments separated by doors that were automatic or could be controlled by the crew. It had twenty-nine boilers with 159 furnaces, and a maximum speed of twenty-four knots. The ship was built with two layers of steel to provide extra strength, this was called having a double bottom hull. (Levinson 144).
The Titanic left port to begin its maiden voyage on April 10th, 1912. It left from Southampton, England and was due to arrive on April 17th, 1912 in New York City (Gunner). The Titanic could carry 2,200 people on board. Out of the 2,200 people on board, 1,315 were passengers with 325 being first class, 285 in second class, 706 people in third class, and 885 being crew (Gunner). The Titanic was captioned by Edward John Smith. Captain Smith was a thirty-seven year veteran making his finial crossing after serving with the White Star Line for twenty-eight years (Haydon). Captain Smith was also called the “the Millionaires’ Captain,” as he was well liked with the upper class and many of them insisted on only sailing with him (Greeley 9).
The wireless radio operators that were on board were Jack Phillips and Harold Bride. Throughout much of the voyage, they were getting iceberg warnings about icebergs in the shipping lanes they were in. Not all of the messages of ice and icebergs were passed along to the bridge. The wireless stopped working around midday and the two radio operators took the next seven hours locating the problem and making repairs. They got the wireless functioning again a little after seven in the evening, which by this time they were backed up with messages coming in and passenger messages going out (Levinson 152).
At around 9:40pm, the SS Mesaba...