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The Situational Leadership Model Essay

2594 words - 10 pages

The Situational Leadership Model

Situational leadership is interplay between the amounts of direction
that a leader allows in: 1) the amount of directive (task) behavior
and 2) the amount of relationship behavior (supportive behavior). What
this means is that when an individual first begins a new task they
require a lot of direction and managerial guidance. As they learn more
about the task, the amount of direction decreases until they can make
many of the decisions with the manager providing little input. The
situational leadership model developed and refined by Paul Hersey and
Ken Blanchard divides the model into four quadrants. An explanation of
the four segments is below.

Envision starting a new job with many assigned tasks. Fear of the
unknown takes hold and feelings of self-doubt rise. How am I going to
learn all of this? The situational leadership model, if followed by
your new manager, can provide him/her direction to ensure positive
reinforced learning.

The model is described as a four-block diagram with text inside with
an X-axis (bottom) and Y-axis (left) and more text. Below the X-axis
is a rectangular object with arrows pointing to the left with more
text. Does not mean much yet, but wait for a clearer explanation.

The situational leadership model consists of four leadership styles:
1) S1, directing; 2) S2, coaching; 3) S3, supporting; and 4) S4,
delegating. An X-axis and Y-axis provide direction on the type of
behavior used. The X-axis and Y-axis represent directive or supportive
behavior, respectively. The D1, D2, D3, and D4 in the lower
rectangular object indicate the development level from low to moderate
to high. The model is below.

THE FOUR LEADERSHIP STYLES

[IMAGE]

We begin in the lower right quadrant, S1 directing leadership style.
This phase is where the new employee or older employee learning a new
task begins. The directing will require that the leader define the
roles of the follower. The leader initiates problem solving and
decision-making and directs communication towards the follower. The
leader will tell the follower what to do, how to do it, where to do
it, and when to do it. Close supervision is also involved at this
point. The X-axis beginning point is to the extreme right (high
directive) indicating that leader will be providing directions. The
rectangular object showing development levels is also to the extreme
right but here it signifies that the amount of learned knowledge
(amount of development to perform task) is low. The beginner may
become enthusiastic about wanting to learn. They will probably be
highly committed but competence will be low. The Y-axis is on the
bottom end showing us that supportive behavior is at a low point.

The second...

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