The Sky Is Gray By Ernest Gaines

5032 words - 20 pages

Universität PaderbornFakultät für KulturwissenschaftenInstitut für Anglistik und AmerikanistikErnest J. Gaines- The Sky Is GrayInhaltsverzeichnis1. Author biography of Gaines 12. Summary 23. Characters 44. Themes and Meanings 65. Gaines Critics 96. Analysis of the color 'gray' 107. Sources 15Author biography of GainesErnest J. Gaines was born in 1933 on the River Lake Plantation in Pointe Coupe Parish, Louisiana. He was part of the fifth generation of his family to be raised on this Plantation. Gaines was raised by his aunt. He attended school five or six months out of the year, because at the age of nine he began picking cotton.With 15 years, Gaines went to California to live there with his mother and stepfather there. Because his stepfather would not let him hang around on the street, for fear that he would get into trouble with the police, Gaines spent time at the library instead. His main interest was in literature. He preferred to study European authors who wrote about peasants the most, with whose experiences he identified himself. But he avoided American writers because he disliked how they portrayed African-Americans in their stories.Gaines went to San Francisco State University where he won a writing fellowship to Stanford. Before attending Stanford, he had to spend two years in the American army. He wrote his first novel, 'Catherine Carmier', at the age of 17, but it was not be published for another 14 years.His first short story Gaines wrote in 1956. Furthermore he wrote eight books of fiction. The first one was 'The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman'. This book is about a 110-year-old woman, who was once a slave. She is recounting the events of her life. This book was critically acclaimed. 'A Lesson Before Dying', which was published in 1993, won the National Book Critics' Circle Award. Also Gaines was awarded the MacArthur Foundation Grant for writings of "rare historical resonance."Gaines currently lives with his wife Dianne in Oscar, Louisiana. They live on land that was part of the plantation on which he grew up when he was a little child. He is a writer-in-residence Emeritus at the University of Louisiana, Lafayette.He has not very much publications, but his works have been well received. His first important publications, "The Boy in the Double-Breasted Suit" and "The Turtles", were published in San Francisco State College's Transfer magazine in 1956. Subsequent publications included the short stories are 'A Long Day in November' (1959), 'Just Like a Tree' (1962), and 'The Sky is Gray' (1963), and the novels 'Catherine Carmier' (1964), 'Of Love and Dust' (1967), 'Bloodline' (1968), 'The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman' (1971), 'In My Father's House' (1978) 'A Gathering of Old Men' (1983), and 'A Lesson Before Dying' (1993).SummaryAt the begin of the story James and his mother are waiting by the roadside for the bus. James's mother, who's name is Octavia, and himself want to go to Bayonne. The weather is...

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