Mahatma Gandhi explains the destruction of revenge: “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.”. (IC: “Quote.”) “Eye for an eye” is a metaphor for revenge. It means if something is stolen, it should be stolen back. In this case, the things being stolen are eyes. The second part “makes the whole world blind” means that revenge will not solve problem. Instead, it creates problems. In Othello, the evil Iago manipulates Othello into ruining his own life in the name of revenge. He tells Othello that his wife, Desdemona, is cheating on him. He presents Othello fake evidence time and time again until he is convinced. Othello is so angered that he murders his own wife, who has done nothing wrong. Only after she is dead, Desdemona is proven innocent. In immense guilt, Othello commits suicide. Iago finally gets his revenge. The character Iago, in Shakespeare's Othello, goes from being manipulative and two faced by subtly controlling people into ruining Cassio’s career to being cunning and malicious by outright destroying Othello’s career, lover and life with violent deaths.
In Othello, Iago is a manipulative person in Act 1. He manages to convince Roderigo into selling all his land instead of committing suicide. In Scene 3 of Act 1, Roderigo is very upset because Othello and Desdemona are still together. There was hope when Montano found out about their marriage; nonetheless, the two remained married. (IC; CA, IC) Roderigo loves Desdemona and seeing her with Othello makes him want to die. Iago pulls Roderigo’s puppet strings and gets him to save money instead. He convinces Roderigo that Desdemona is the type of a girl that would marry a man for money; thus, he should save all the money he can. (IC; CA, IC) Then she will love him. Roderigo takes this advice and rushes off to sell all his land to get said money. Iago says, “When she is sated / with his body she find will the of her choice / Therefore, put money in thy purse” (Shakespeare 1.3.393-395). Iago is telling Roderigo that Desdemona will eventually grow tired of Othello. She will realize her mistake of marrying him. When she does, Roderigo must be ready with money. If he has enough, Desdemona will surely marry him. Of course, the audience and Iago know that Desdemona will never marry Roderigo, no matter the amount of the money. She is not the type of person who would marry for money. Despite that, Iago manipulates Roderigo’s feelings for his own benefit.
In Act 2, Iago is a deceptive person. He is able to effortlessly pretend that he loves Cassio, even though he is plotting to get him fired. There is a part of Act 2 of Scene 3, where a brawl has just taken place between Cassio and Roderigo. Cassio is made drunk by Iago; Roderigo takes advantage of this and picks a fight with him. (IC; IC) Montano is trying to stop the fight; he places himself between them and gets hurt instead. (General IC; Specific IC) The ruckus interrupts Othello’s honeymoon night. He asks Iago to reveal who...