In my essay, I will argue that the application of Marx's theory of the separation of town and country on the social and economical developments, which took place in Jabal Nablus during 17-19th century, confirm the existence of other factors, which cultivated overwhelming city's domination over hinterland. I claim that in addition to private property, growing trade with Europe also had a major impact on the conflict between city and country. In order to prove it, I will perform a critical analysis on Marx's methodology . I will next examine his concepts of productive forces, unequal distribution of labor, and conflict of interests in the society. In the end, I present comparative analysis of the social and economical features of Jabal Nablus in opposition to the claims of Carl Marx.
The German Ideology starts off by illustrating the critique of the German idealists, while presenting Marx and Engels' alternative: materialistic view of history. According to Marx, the main reason for political and economical retrogression of Germany is its obsession with Hegel's view on history as a chain of phases or manifestations of World Spirit or Absolute Mind. It's possible to trace Marx's critique in three different perspectives. Initially, he directed his critique towards the very nature of Hegelian system, by stating its "contemplative" aspect. Secondly, he presented detailed analysis of discrepancies, regarding logical categories and religious conceptions, which rose between the Young and Old Hegelians. According to old Hegelians, the history was simply chronology of ideas, and the reason Germany was flourishing ,only because it was constructed on the best ideas. In the meantime, Young Hegelians adopted dialectics as the only factor which influences historical development. Finally, Marx notes that Young Hegelians overloaded their doctrine with criticism of religion and were fighting ideas with the help of other ideas instead of turning them into real political campaign.
Marx utilized these three techniques in such a way that they form a base for a single criticism against current social and political order in Germany. The basis of this entire critical procedure is Marx's conception that only Hegel's philosophical system can represent modern society. This presents Marx with opportunity to criticize current social and political foundations by means of a critique of the Hegelian philosophical system.
Marx points out the importance of productive forces which play role of defining factor relationships between nations. According to him, division of labor can lead to dire consequences for the whole nation, since it can directly separate town from the country and leads to the conflict of their interests. In addition, Marx also states that such division can also bring alienation and isolation of peasants from merchants. Later on, he traces division of labor through history, by defining following phases : tribal, ancient,...