The Socially Marginalised Protagonists Of Mulk Raj Anand 's The Dalits

2924 words - 12 pages

Bhikhu leaves for Delhi, the promised land, where caste recriminations are obliterated and where humanity lives in amity and friendliness. It appears that the road to freedom and salvation, for Bhikhu, is larded with hazards which he fails to circumvent and where he comes to know of the futility of all endeavours and he leaves up the task to the future generation. Though defeated, Bhikhu is never vanquished, and his taking the road to Delhi should not be interpreted as unseemly defeatism. It is the genuine angst of an existential hero who spurns everything and seeks penance in self-isolation.

Untouchability has always provoked the intelligent heart of Mulk Raj Anand into action. He finds that legislation as a means of social change does not work in the case of untouchability, since untouchability is deeply rooted in the Indian psyche. Once Anand quoted Gandhiji and said that the ‘‘parliament is a prostitute’.30 Even in ‘Apology for Heroism’ he has said this. A democracy which can not safeguard the economic interests of the outcaste is working under an safeguard the economic interests of the outcaste is working under an illusion. Religion has played its role in exploiting the untouchable. Now there is illusion of ‘‘equality before law’’ and the outcaste has neither the money nor the time to go to a court of law. How can an outcaste are allowed to earn money. That way the ‘have-nots’ would one day sit with the privileged class. The landlord Thakur Singh says :

‘‘ Today they are taking the bread out of our mouths. By breaking the stones with the help of Dhooli Singh, they hope to ingratiate themselves with the Sarkar and earn money so that they can buy the status of the twice-born. Already they are having more money than is good for them. And we have less and less.’’31

The road becomes a social symbol. The Lambardar Dhooli Singh sees the importance of the road :

‘‘Ohe fool, the milk of the village will be borne to the city and more cash will come to the folk. After the journeys I have made to Delhi in that hard jeep motor of Diwan Roop Kishan, I say it is only roads and roads and more roads and electricity – that will bring prosperity.’’32

Anand realizes that untouchability can be removed only by appealing to the hearts of the privileged people who unscrupulously perpetuate it. He understands that untouchability can be abolished only through a literacy of feeling.

In ‘The Road’ we find the caste Hindus ill-treating their outcaste brethren. They are not allowed to come into physical contact with the ‘twice-born’, or permitted to enter the temple for coming into contact with the God of all. Anand also introduces a lecherous and hypocritical priest. In both the novel ‘Untouchable’ and ‘The Road; we come across the ‘‘slapping scene’’. In ‘Untouchable’, it is a highly dramatic situation, the pivot of the novel, but in ‘The Road’ it is a mere contrivance. On the last but one page of the book we come across the slapping incident. The Landlord sends a...

Find Another Essay On The Socially Marginalised Protagonists of Mulk Raj Anand 's The Dalits

To put on their clothes made one a sahib too: Mimicry and the Carnivalesque in Mulk Raj Anand’s Untouchable

2004 words - 8 pages , Biography: http://www.indiasurvey.com/biodata/mulkrajanand.htm Literature in English of the Indian Subcontinent in the Postcolonial Web: http://landow.stg.brown.edu/post/india/anand/anandov.html Bibliography Anand, Mulk Raj Untouchable London: Penguin Books, 1940 Ashcroft, Bill, Griffiths, Gareth, and Tiffin, Helen. Key Concepts in Post-Colonial Studies. London: Routledge, 1998. Ashcroft, Bill, Griffiths, Gareth, and Tiffin, Helen. The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. London: Routledge, 1995.

News Report of the Chess Match of Anand Aganist Carlsen

828 words - 4 pages these statistics do not in any way capture the true persona of the legend that is Vishwanathan Anand. “I am very sad that Anand lost today. He is my Favourite,” says 13 year old Nikhil, a budding chess player who has come to Chennai to watch the World Chess Championship Match between Vishwanathan Anand and Magnus Carlsen. Most of the Chess enthusiasts across the country share a similar sentiment. Anand has won 4 World Championships, he’s been the

The Downfall Of The Socially Inclined

1302 words - 5 pages Power is a dangerous thing, every type of power carries with it temptation, the more power the more temptation. Although in most cases it is used to better the world we live in, it can be easily abused for the benefit of the those with disturbing intent, bent on bringing the world they imagine into reality. The two novels Oryx and Crake by Margret Atwood and Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare explore the negative effects of gaining power along

Responsibilities of the Protagonists in The Chrysalids and Ender’s Game

1306 words - 5 pages SimonSamuel SimonENG-2DPMarch 16, 2014Responsibilities of the Protagonists inThe Chrysalids and Ender's GameTwo societies can differ yet produce similar citizens. In The Chrysalids, by John Wyndham, and Ender's Game, by Orson Scott Card, David Strorm and Andrew "Ender" Wiggin are two young boys who are given unusual, difficult responsibilities to cope with. The Chrysalids takes place in Waknuk where they are recovering from a nuclear catastrophe

Protagonists Montresor and Fortunato in Poe's The Cask Of Amontillado

542 words - 2 pages Protagonists Montresor and Fortunato in Poe's The Cask Of Amontillado Poe's story "The Cask Of Amontillado" introduces two protagonists, Montresor and Fortunato who were friends. The encounters the two men had was hatred and revenge that turned to murder on the behalf of Montressor. The encounter for Fortunato was the appearance of his naivety but he encountered a deadly consequence. Montressor was an angry but proud man who felt that

The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum by Heinrich Boll - hegemony vs the marginalised

2987 words - 12 pages "Power is the ultimate aphrodisiac", (Kissinger, Henry). Heinrich Böll demonstrates to contemporary readers of the 1970's and even to readers of today, that the power structures existing in society can "act in an unpleasant and dangerous coalition, which exists to protect their interests and to damage those of individuals who ostensibly threaten them", (Harris, Nigel). He illustrates that power held in a society can be abused and that

The Naive Protagonists of Candide and Forrest Gump

3707 words - 15 pages The Naive Protagonists of Candide and Forrest Gump      Society can be, and is, corrupt in many different ways. Within our lives we are subject, but not limited to, corruptions within religion, corruptions of morals, and corruption within the government. Voltaire, the author of Candide, and Robert Zemeckis, the director of "Forrest Gump", both use grotesquely naïve protagonists to illustrate their view of the world in which they live

Examining the Tragic Protagonists of "Oedipus Rex" and "Hamlet"

651 words - 3 pages Tragedy can be defined as the downfall of a protagonist through some fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering and insight on the part of the main character and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience. Of all the characteristics of tragedy, one is most important: the tragic hero must be essentially admirable and good. In both the common tragedies, “Oedipus Rex” and “Hamlet”, both main characters are generally good. In either

Review: Asianising Singapore – The PAP's Management of Ethnicity By Raj Vasil, Singapore: Heineman Asia, 1995

3591 words - 14 pages In this book, Vasil presents a comprehensive albeit descriptive study of the management of the ethnicity in Singapore since independence through to the 1990s under the rule of two Premiers, Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew and his protégé, Goh Chok Tong. In this review, I aim to highlight the key policy ramifications of the management of ethnicity in Singapore as presented by Vasil, and compare it with Malaysia who shares a similar

Conversation Pieces; the role of dialogue in socially-engaged art

1675 words - 7 pages ” principles, to support this view. The projects considered share an interest with the creative service of dialogue and exchange and occur in places far from the conventional sites in which we situate art (ie museums and galleries). Conversation becomes an intrinsic part of the work itself. Kester uses the term ‘dialogical’ to represent these and similar works which have participatory elements. In this document, he places these socially cognizant

The Transformations of Protagonists in War Movies Due to the Influence of His Enemies

2904 words - 12 pages of why people act the way they do in war. We are often influenced by the actions of our enemies. Hence, in war movies, the interaction between the protagonists and their enemies will have a direct impact on the protagonists, allowing them to undergo a transformation and in the process gain a greater understanding of themselves as well as their purpose in the war.Imagine for all your life, you are told what is right and what is wrong, yet you can

Similar Essays

The Power Of English Explored In The First Three Novels Of Mulk Raj Anand

4308 words - 17 pages Phillipson (1992) has clarified that ‘the dominance of English is asserted and maintained by the establishment and continuous reconstitution of structural and cultural inequalities between English and other languages Mulk Raj Anand(1905-2004) pays close attention to linguistic imperialism in his first three novels which were published between 1935-37.Marked as ‘Epic of Misery’ by the noted literary critic Saros Cowasjee(1977),these three novels are

Untouchable By Mulk Raj Anand Essay

650 words - 3 pages Untouchable by Mulk Raj Anand "In their struggle to come to terms with their world, what did one or two characters in one of the texts [listed above] discover about themselves and others?" "Untouchable", a novel by Mulk Raj Anand, is a fictional story depicting the real life struggles that are experienced by the victims of the caste system in India - the outcastes of society. Bakha is one of these unfortunate people; born into the

A Comparative Study Of Mulk Anand And Richand Wright Novels

2079 words - 8 pages . New Delhi; penguin Books, 2001. Page 286. 8. P.K. Singh. Mulk Raj Anand and Dalits. Jaipur’ Yking Books, 2012. Page 89. 9. Mulk Raj Anand. The road. New Delhi; facet Books, 1987. Page 4-5. 10. K.N. Sinha. Mulk Raj Anand, New Delhi; Kalyani, 1989, P- 74 11. Richard Wright, Black boy. Noida; Harper Collins publishers, India. 2007. 12. Ibid, P- 54. 13. Ibid, P- 34. 14. Richard Wright Native Son. New Yark; Harper Collins, 1993, page- 17. 15. Meenakshi Mukherjee. Beyond the village: An Aspect of Mulk Raj Anand. Critical Essays on Indian Writing in English (ed.) M.K. Naik Madras: Macmillan, 1977. P- 245.

Thematic Structure And Techniques Of Mulk Raj Anand’s Novels

2290 words - 10 pages The novels of Mulk Raj Anand within their complex of thematic structure and techniques invite immense possibilities of explorations and insights. Apart from the countless number of studies undertaken on Mulk Raj Anand, the thematic aspects of his novels, even in their traditional classification offer multiple interpretations and insights. Man and society form a variegated fabric of life. Within the complicated structure of society lie the joys