The Society Of New France Essay

841 words - 4 pages

The 16th century is often referred to as “The Rise of The West” by modern day historians due to the colonization and Imperial expansion of the Western world by European powers. Expeditions appointed by European monarchs to discover routes to the abundant resources in China and the Indies brought some of the first European explorers to the shores of present day Canada. French explorer Jacques Cartier was delegated the task of finding a western passage to the East and when he crossed the Atlantic and landed on the shores of present day Newfoundland in 1534 he thought he had found Asia. When Cartier inserted a cross in the soil in the Gaspé Peninsula declaring it for France he unknownly ...view middle of the document...

Lawerence river with his crew. Champlain's party set about compiling lumber and other supplies to assemble the first settlements of the soon to be Quebec City,“I at once employed a part of our workmen,” he wrote, “in cutting them [the trees] down to make a site for our settlement, another part in sawing planks, another in digging the cellar and making ditches.”1 The physical construction of Quebec was less laborious than the battle Champlain ensued with the French government over land and fur trade monopolies for the rights to Quebec and the lands surrounding the colony. By 1608 Champlain had constructed much of the foundation for present day Quebec, even investing his own money from a dowry to fund the development and council affairs of the city. Expansion of the colony would not have been possible without the consent of the Algonquin people who considered the shores of the St. Lawerence their territory. Consent came in the form of an agreement in 1609 that Champlain and the settlers would provide military support for them during their wars with the Five Nations Iroquois. The population of New France was sparse in the years following its founding due to the harsh winters and outbreaks of scurvy. With the addition of "filles du Roi" (adult women of marriageable age) to help populate the colony New France's population began to slowly rise.

Because of the distance between the two, France's administration over New France was somewhat limited in that it was hard to...

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