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The Sociology Of Integrating A Preschooler Into An Existing Daycare Group

2098 words - 8 pages

Sociology 101: Introduction to Sociology (University of Maine at Augusta, USA)Instructions from professor: Write a term paper on any subject relative to the interaction of humans. Use the title, "The Sociology of... "==========Body of essay=========1.IntroductionDaycare centers provide organized programs for groups of youngsters most commonly in their toddler and preschool years. The programs are designed to maximize the child's development and provide full-time quality care. Centers are licensed by the state office responsible for daycare. Before taking admission in a day care center, the parent(s) should visit the program while the children are present. They should sit quietly and observe how the children interact with each other and with the staff. Are staff attentive to their requests? Do they make eye contact and respond in pleasant tones to the children? Are they aware of the entire group or focused on a child who's acting up? Staff members should know how to help children use the toys and equipment effectively. Children use play materials to learn, and the value of positive preschool experiences, including receiving tender loving care, cannot be overestimated. When talking to staff, parents should pay attention to how they respond to them; the caregiver should be skilled at dealing with parents.In daycare centers, children learn the concepts of following directions, actively participating as a member of a group, and listening and respecting an authority figure (teacher) other than mom or dad. These are all important concepts that a preschool child must learn. Developing a sense of self away from parents can also be very helpful for a young child. Many preschool advocates believe these attributes are among the most important learned during preschool. A good preschool program will help to foster self-esteem in a child (feelings of positive self worth) by bringing out and developing his/her talents and skills. The program will also encourage independence and decision-making skills.2.Half-day or Full-day Pre-School ProgramThe full-day programs are geared primarily toward working parents who need a full-time daycare situation. Most often, a full day program includes a preschool component in the morning, while reserving more creative "free play" for the afternoon. Half-day programs are geared primarily for stay-at-home moms or dads who do not need a full-day arrangement. The hours of 9:00-12:00 for a morning session and the hours of 12:00-3:00 for an afternoon session is representative of these types of programs, although exact times and durations vary. These half-day programs sometimes offer a "stay and play" option. For an extra fee, a child may stay, for example, from 12:00 until 2:00. The child is able to play freely and there is no formal instruction during this time. It is a nice option for parents who need to attend doctor appointments or run errands later in the day. Afternoon sessions do not usually have this option. Some programs...

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