The Song Dynasty Essay

870 words - 3 pages

The Song Dynasty (960-1279) was a ruling dynasty in China. This dynasty is divided into two periods: Northern Song and Southern Song. Social life was vibrant in the Song dynasty. Literature and knowledge were enhanced by wood block printing and movable type printing. Confucianism infused with Buddhist ideals emphasized a new organization of classic texts brought out the core doctrine of Neo-Confucianism. The civil service examinations became more prominent in the Song period. Administrative sophistication and complex organization was during this era. Song Dynasty was prosperous in many respects of the society. Even though this dynasty was technologically and culturally advanced, Song people were not militarily powerful.
The civil service examination and the scholar-officials helped shape the educated class of Song and produce extraordinary men.

The most distinctive features of Chinese civilization were in the Song period. This was the scholar-official class certified through highly competitive civil service examinations. These elite were better educated than others in Chinese history. Aristocratic habits and prejudices largely disappeared when examination system was fully developed. This system came to be considered the normal ladder to success. The invention of printing should be given a little credit. The art of carving words and pictures into wooden blocks was developed by Tang craftsmen. They would ink the blocks then press paper onto them. An entire page of text and illustrations was held on each block. In the eleventh century movable type, on piece of type for each character, was invented. In China whole-block printing was cheaper. The spread of literacy was

because printing dramatically lowered the price of books. Cheaper books made it easier for the upper class to have their own libraries. The encyclopedia was one of the popular innovations. The number of scholars entering each competition went from 30,000 to 80,000 at the end of the century and 400,000 by the end of the dynasty. Men had to memorize the classics in order. The officials tried the exams several times and were a little over thirty years of age when they succeeded. Some of those who devoted years, for the exam, never became officials. The civil service examinations were not the only thing that was involved in a life of an educated man. Collecting antiques, old books, and practicing the arts were a few pursuits. The engagement of the elite with the arts led to extraordinary achievement during the Song period. The upper-class men would gather to compose or criticize poetry, to view each other’s treasures, and more.

Extraordinary men were produced with the new scholar-official. These men were able to hold high court offices while...

Find Another Essay On The Song Dynasty

The start of Chinese capitalism and its early demise

1424 words - 6 pages Many people would agree that the Song dynasty was probably the weakest dynasty in Chinese history. The Song dynasty was the first to let the entire Chinese territory to be taken over by barbarian tribes, in this case, Mongols. "The weak Song" was the term that most people use to refer to this period of time in Chinese history. (Roberts, 241) For the majority of time, Song dynasty only had control over half of China. This was very rare for

Examining China’s Dynasties: Change Over Time

967 words - 4 pages Between 206 BC and 1279 AD, ancient China transitioned through 3 major dynasties (the Han, Tang, and Song) in addition to others. Through change and continuities over time, these dynasties evolved China’s technology and innovation, religious beliefs, and trade and economy. As new ideas and inventions shaped and defined each dynasty, the 3 dynasties tended to be very different from each other as their changes outnumbered their continuities

China's Scientific Revolution

918 words - 4 pages Chinese called the shadow clock. This was the world’s first known calculator, and has remained one of China’s greatest inventions. In his article The Song Dynasty, Toni Zin explains, “The scientific development in the Song Dynasty ranked forefront in the world of the time. The world-shaking China's three greatest inventions-the gun powder, compass, movable-type printing were invented at that time, which altered the whole world's civilized rate of


2596 words - 11 pages choose which region I would live in by analyzing all of these characteristics in the Song dynasty, Tang dynasty, Caliphate and Western Europe. From 618-1279 China was the world’s most influential and most innovative country. Two great dynasties, the Tang and Song, shaped China into the country it is today. This era is known as a “golden age” due to it excellence in arts, literature, painting, etc. (Strayer, Page 367). They both had a strong

The Age of Foundation: The Han Dynasty

967 words - 4 pages apothecaries and herbs were also used, and medical remedies to diseases such as arthritis were instilled. The Han Dynasty’s medical and scientific records also benefited future dynasties, giving them a foundation of work to build off of. The innovative and ambitious Han Dynasty thrived for hundreds of years, and gave way to numerous scientific advancements in the Tang and Song Dynasties. All in all, the Han Dynasty was able to stand the tests

The rise and fall of three empires

955 words - 4 pages of the major developments and changes with these empires in the period between 600 - 1500? My three major Empires/Cultures are the Mali Empire, Song Dynasty, and Chimu Empire.Mali Empire (Sub - Saharan Africa)During its peak, Mali was a great and powerful empire. It occupied a great deal of land. It had wealth, power, learning centers, and an organized government. After the breakup of Ghana, the Sosso, who had caused the breakup, were still in

Civilizations of Ancient China and East Asia

1338 words - 5 pages . During the times of the Tang China was surrounded by the independent states of Korea, Japan, Vietnam. China was the largest of these and had the most political and cultural dominant forces. “By 800 the Tang Dynasty was in decline” (328). During the Song rein agriculture expanded and so did the population which was assumed that the population was larger than all of Europe. Marketing and trade increased and the first paper money was then created

Chinese History: Foundations Era-Early Modern Era

1495 words - 6 pages prominence continuing to become a guiding force in Chinese society, philosophy and religion. The Ming economic system emphasized agriculture, unlike that of the Song and the Mongolian Dynasties, which relied on traders and merchants for revenue. Historians explain this change due to the Emperor's background as a peasant. This dynasty was replaced by The Qing Dynasty, which was founded after the defeat of the Ming, the last Han Chinese dynasty, by the

Account for the collapse of the Chinese empire in 1911?

1319 words - 6 pages from a change of monarchy to a democracy. The Qing Empire (1644-1912) was the very last great dynastic empire to rule the china. It was effective and long lived rulers in the starting of Chinese of dynastic era; it was a period of success and natural disasters, rebellions, invasions and inept ruling courts at the end. In 1911 the Qing dynasty was controlled by Manchu minority. So it is also knows as Manchu dynasty was the last dynasty in the

Cultural Disparities in Ancient China

3334 words - 13 pages orientations. Never were these social, cultural and intellectual disparities more apparent than during the Tang, Song, and Yuan dynasties. Indeed, when the Chinese realized the breadth of this gap in the early Ming dynasty, they severed maritime expeditions and turned inward.2 This quote accurately describes the relationship between the Han and Hu from the 4th to 14th centuries as well as the effects of their fusion. Han and Hu relations from the Tang to

You say Tang, I say Song: A look into Two Chinese Dynasties

696 words - 3 pages archaeology enables you to research, discuss, and form new theories about ancient cultures, like the Tang and Song Dynasties. Learning about the technological, as well as cultural, developments that took place during this time will give society a better understanding of who we are and how we came to be. The Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) was founded by the Li family when they gained control during the demise of the Sui Empire (591-618 CE). Many have

Similar Essays

The Song Dynasty Government In China

817 words - 3 pages The Song dynasty lasted over 300 years, from 960 to 1279. Their history is divided into two periods of Northern and Southern Song. The Song period was one of China's most peaceful and prosperous era. However the Song government was corrupt and weak.The Song Dynasty, or Sung Dynasty was a period in which the Chinese government was very weak. In the beginning General Chao K'uang-yin, also known as Sung T'ai Tsu, was forced to become emperor in

Achievements Of The Tang And Song Dynasty

665 words - 3 pages During the Tang and Song dynasty, many excellent achievements have been accomplished which are still being preserved and used widely over centuries. Their citizens were excelled in many fields with several of new and practical inventions which all directly affected the citizens’ lives. Especially, the big rise in science and technology as well as attaining such great progresses in agriculture and economy were some of the most remarkable ones

Song Dynasty Essay

867 words - 3 pages Song Dynasty The Song Dynasty (960-1279) was a ruling dynasty in China. This dynasty is divided into two periods: Northern Song and Southern Song. Social life was vibrant in the Song dynasty. Literature and knowledge was enhanced by wood block printing and movable type printing. Confucianism infused with Buddhist ideals emphasized a new organization of classic texts brought out the core doctrine of Neo-Confucianism. The civil service

Arts And Recreation In Song Dynasty China

1725 words - 7 pages When studying the rich history of arts and recreation in the Song Dynasty, it is evident that there were many newly pioneered practices that completely captivated the populous and became the epitome of several long-established genres. When one observes the progression of visual arts through the Song Dynasty, landscape painting established itself as the most prevalent and important of the multitude of forms in this genre. Close examination of