The Song Dynasty Government In China

817 words - 3 pages

The Song dynasty lasted over 300 years, from 960 to 1279. Their history is divided into two periods of Northern and Southern Song. The Song period was one of China's most peaceful and prosperous era. However the Song government was corrupt and weak.The Song Dynasty, or Sung Dynasty was a period in which the Chinese government was very weak. In the beginning General Chao K'uang-yin, also known as Sung T'ai Tsu, was forced to become emperor in order to unify China. Sung T'ai Tsu created a national army under his direct control. He, and only he had control of the military. Once he had passed away his less competent successors were unable to keep the military under control, the military increasingly lost prestige. The weakening of China's military, coincided with the rise of strong nomadic nations on the boarders.During the same time of the military's loss of prestige, the civil service rose in dignity. This was an examination system that had been restored in Sui and T'ang and was further elaborated and regularized. Selection examinations were help every three years at the district, provincial, and metropolitan levels.Only 200 out of thousands of applicants were granted the jinshi degree. This was the highest degree and appointed on government posts. From this time on, civil servants became China's most envied elite, replacing the hereditary nobles and landlords.The Song dynasty only extended over to the parts of earlier Chinese empires. The Khitans controlled the northeastern territories and the His Hsia controlled the northwestern territories. The Song emperors were unable to recover these lands so they were forced to make peace with the Khitans and the Hsi Hsia. They gave massive amounts of payments to the barbarians, under these peace terms, it depleted the state treasury and cause heavy payments on taxpaying peasants.About 100 years after the Songs first started ruling over China, their government started to go through a major decline. Officials that held important government positions were corrupt. Wealthy merchants that became rich from foreign trade found ways to avoid paying taxes. The peasants began to rebel when the heavy taxes were placed on them.The Song Dynasty had a lot of problems, in 1069 Emperor Shen Tsung appointed Wang An-shi as chief minister. Wang was a scholar who studied earlier Chinese governments. Wang noticed the corrupt government and made huge reform in the government. His reforms...

Find Another Essay On The Song Dynasty Government in China

Achievements of the Tang and Song Dynasty

665 words - 3 pages During the Tang and Song dynasty, many excellent achievements have been accomplished which are still being preserved and used widely over centuries. Their citizens were excelled in many fields with several of new and practical inventions which all directly affected the citizens’ lives. Especially, the big rise in science and technology as well as attaining such great progresses in agriculture and economy were some of the most remarkable ones

The most import dynasty for China history

1528 words - 6 pages can helpful the king to control the dynasty. And it also important for the China history because it were become to the roads and bridges Qin Shi Huang built to inheritance China history.Government administration system was the big part for the Qin dynasty's social reform. This reform was after Qin Shi Huang unified the China. It was created a new system which very popular in the ancient China history and it was based on each dynasty's government

The most import dynasty for china history

1528 words - 6 pages can helpful the king to control the dynasty. And it also important for the China history because it were become to the roads and bridges Qin Shi Huang built to inheritance China history.Government administration system was the big part for the Qin dynasty's social reform. This reform was after Qin Shi Huang unified the China. It was created a new system which very popular in the ancient China history and it was based on each dynasty's government

Diseases and Medicinal Treatments of the Tang Dynasty in Ancient China

748 words - 3 pages Fang (Secrets of Treating Wounds and Rejoining Fractures Handed Down by a Fairy), written by a Taoist priest surnamed Lin of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), is the earliest existing monograph on orthopedics and traumatology in China. This piece of literature describes position, exercise, and medication as the optimum methods for the treatment of fractures. Especially, the method of using small splints to immobilize a local area. Another crucial idea

Political Dynasty in the Philippines

2068 words - 9 pages ), political dynasties have actually been categorized into two categories – “fat” and “thin” dynasties. A “fat” dynasty is a political family that have many members holding a position in the government. While, “thin” dynasty only contains two members like father and son swapping government positions. In our country, the Philippines, “fat” dynasties are more evident. According to him, it is not only the Philippines that has this phenomenon, political

Women Statues in early Byzantine and Tang Dynasty of China

792 words - 4 pages Marble Portrait Bust of a Woman with a Scroll in early Byzantine Empire and Figure of a Seated Court Lady in Tang Dynasty of China are two female statues presenting at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Although they come from different cultures and time periods, use different materials and manufacture techniques, they share some of the similarities. The most obvious, the intentions of their artists seem the same – to reflect the status of women in

To what extent did internal factors bring about the fall of the Han Dynasty in China (200 BCE – 220 CE)?

2098 words - 8 pages . He was not vivid or much of a lover, but he was determined and preferred to set realistic goals to accomplish them. When he was established as the head of the Han Dynasty, he sought to centralize rule in China. Despite he did not favor much a centralized rule; he opted for a centralized rule simply because by the 200’s BCE, China was in no means of becoming a democracy. Internal factors did indeed bring about the demise of the Han Dynasty

Government and Economics in China

1271 words - 5 pages ensuring an even distribution of the available resources among the country’s immense population. The legal system of Chinese government has lately disapproved abuse of official authority. With the adoption of a new constitution in 1982 under which any state official must be of high integrity and accountability, foreign investors feel safe and assured that their efforts are standing on firm foundation. The government of China has for ages had respect

The E-Government of China

1100 words - 4 pages noted solution to the problem. (Hood, 2007) The influence of e-government has also reached the Eastern part of the globe and it has sparked the interest of one of its newly rising power. Upon the dawn of the early 1990s, China has slowly developed itself as one of the most influential Asian nations in the present century after Japan. With the rapidly improving country in the midst of joining the developed countries roster, some have noted if China

Holding Government Responsible for Pollution in China

1890 words - 8 pages In the process of industrialization, China has become one of the most polluted countries in the world. Statistics show that in the past five years, cases of asthma have been risen by 40%, because of air pollution issues in China. Government supported projects and multinational corporations are both contributing to the pollution in China. The Chinese government is aware of the environment issues, such as air pollution, water contamination

Google And The Government Of China

1745 words - 7 pages Google and the Government of China: A case study in Cross-Cultural Negotiations Develop a negotiations planning document using the Kellogg format in Exhibit 11 Issue Google Chinese government Purpose of negotiation Priority: 1 Position: focuses on profit and brand management Priority: 2 Position: technological, economic gaining Interests: A population of 1.3 billion along with a growing economy makes Chinese market extremely

Similar Essays

Arts And Recreation In Song Dynasty China

1725 words - 7 pages art. While in the West the human form was central to most art, artists in China found their muse in Nature. Landscape painting was not represented in Europe until much later (Morton and Lewis 2005). During the reign of the penultimate Song emperor, Huizong, the Song Dynasty reached its cultured peak. Huizong had an imperial collection of six thousand works of art, many of them landscape, and he established the world-renowned Academy of Painting

The Song Dynasty Essay

870 words - 3 pages The Song Dynasty (960-1279) was a ruling dynasty in China. This dynasty is divided into two periods: Northern Song and Southern Song. Social life was vibrant in the Song dynasty. Literature and knowledge were enhanced by wood block printing and movable type printing. Confucianism infused with Buddhist ideals emphasized a new organization of classic texts brought out the core doctrine of Neo-Confucianism. The civil service examinations became

This Essay Describes Women In China During The Qing Dynasty

2176 words - 9 pages times, the government officially encouraged widows not to remarry and tended to look the other way regarding the occasional practice of following one's husband into death by suicide (Xunsi). During the late Qing dynasty the cult of chaste widowhood reached new heights and received extensive support from the state. Essentially the Qing court continued the policies of the previous Ming dynasty, but it did so with greater vigor and was successful in

The Shang Dynasty Of China Essay

1354 words - 5 pages The Shang Dynasty has the earliest recorded written history. The Shang Dynasty was from 1600-1046 BC. It lasted over 500 years and belonged to seventeen generations. It arose during the Bronze Age in China. Thousands of archaeological findings have been found in and by the Yellow River valley. The cradle of Chinese civilization.The Shang Dynasty of China was the second hereditary dynasty in China. It lasted almost six hundred years with thirty