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The Causes Of The Civil War. It Is Based On The Book Called The Coming Of The Civil War By Michael Perman. It Discusses The Arguments In The Book As To Why The War Took Place.

2123 words - 8 pages

Causes of the Civil WarDuring the 1850s, the United States was one country, but was divided into two separate societies: the North and the South. These were the two main parts of the country. Their ideals and way of life were so different from each other that they went to war to defend them. The South was an aristocratic society. It mainly consisted of plantations full of cotton and tobacco with many slaves working hard to produce these crops. The North, on the other hand, was becoming a more industrialized society. Many new cities were developing and they had factories in these cities, which produced goods more quickly and cheaply. The north was developing railroads and other forms of transportation which made it easier to trade the goods they produced. Slavery was also a difference between the two societies. Slavery was a huge part of southern society and production but it was abolished in the North. Since the North was becoming such an industrialized society, it had no need for slavery and started to join the anti-slavery movement that was spreading across the globe. This angered the South because slavery was so important to them and with out it, the world as they knew it would be different. They would not be able to live the luxurious lifestyle they were used to. Most historians agree that the Civil War was not caused by only one issue, but by many. Exactly what the main cause was is what is being debated. No one is exactly sure what caused the American Civil War, but most historians agree that it had something to do with the absolute difference between the two areas.Michael F. Holt believes that the war was caused by human intervention. He claims that as the rivalry between the Whigs and the Democrats started to calm down and the Whig party started to split, the parties needed issues to revitalize their organizations. Political leaders saw slavery as a good issue and they jumped upon it. For at least thirty years, political leaders had started to realize that the way to build a political party, create voter loyalty, and win elections was to find issues or positions that set them apart from their opponents and would appeal to various groups who disliked their opponents. He felt that this was what the Democrats in the South and the Republicans in the North did with slavery. He felt the these two parties tried to keep the sectional conflict at the center of political debate and used it to defeat political rivals who hope to exploit other issues to achieve elections. This was the basic objective of the Republican campaign from 1856 to 1860. Their main goal was to persuade Northerners that slaveholders meant to enslave them through their control of the national government. To do this the Republicans needed to do two things. The first was to make themselves an exclusive northern party. To do this, they needed events to increase northern hostility toward the South so that men believed the South posed the primary threat to the republic. Secondly,...

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