The South China Tiger Essay

1002 words - 4 pages

The South China Tiger

As a result of “the South China Tiger [being] one of the most endangered tiger subspecies in the world” (State Forestry Administration, 2000) China implemented the China Action Plan For Saving the South China Tiger. China’s State Forestry Administration developed the plan because it was necessary to minimize the threat of extinction posed by humans to these tigers. Without intervention, the South China Tiger would go extinct.

Historically, “The South China Tiger was widely distributed, [its range area was about] 2000 kilometers from east to west and 1500 kilometers from north to south” (State Forestry Administration, 2000). What lead to the South China Tiger being classified as extinct was the ignorance of people about the tiger’s ecological and reproductive fragility.

According to the China Action Plan, “During the thirty years before 1980 the wild population of the South China Tiger suffered from continuous large-scale hunting, deforestation of their habitats for timbers, reclaiming of agricultural lands, and pollution from chemical fertilizers”.

A combination of human encroachment and habitat destruction resulted in both a decrease in the numbers of South China tigers in the wild as well as a decrease in the habitat in which they were able to live.

The Ministry of Forest of the Peoples Republic of China combined its efforts with the World Wildlife Federation to conduct a study of the South China Tiger from 1990-1992. “The outcome of the survey revealed that there were about 20 to 30 South China Tigers living in the wild at that time. Therefore, the South China Tiger [was] on the brink of extinction” (State Forestry Administration, 2000).

There are two different types of South China Tiger populations: a wild population and a captive-bred population. The Ministry of Forestry “ordered continuous data collection [to determine the extent of the South China Tiger in the wild]…Over 2000 pieces of information was collected by May of 2000…it is confirmed that there is still a wild population of South China Tigers existing in China”(State Forestry Administration, 2000).

The captive-bred South China Tiger population began at 40 in 1988 and expanded to 62 by June 2000. The problem with the breeding of tigers within the zoo is that “many were bred as the second, third or fourth generations from the same father tiger. Hereditary diseases appeared in captive bred tigers caused by…inbreeding” (State Forestry Administration, 2000). Below is further discussion about the dangers of inbreeding and the lack of genetic variability within a species.

The problems with a species having such a low number of individuals is that the genetic diversity of the species is limited. Therefore, interbreeding (as illustrated in the above paragraph) can pose a serious threat to the existing population of a species. As genetic diversity dwindles there is a lesser chance of that species being able to survive. A lower...

Find Another Essay On The South China Tiger

The Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were...

1732 words - 7 pages Culture in the Indus Valley CivilizationThe Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were first established. Unlike the other civilizations the Indus Valley Civilization declined and disappeared around 1500 BC. The Indus Valley was located on the subcontinent of Asia or modern day Pakistan, great

Tiger Subspecies Essay

588 words - 2 pages exist in Myammar (Burma). Indochinese tigers are among 500 and 2000. CPT's guess is about 700 amidst heavy poaching. In the early sixties when the South China tiger had apopulation of about 4,000, Mao instituted a tiger eradication program. After Mao's death in 1976, the South China tigerpopulation was reduced to 400. The Chinese government then instituted a 'Save the Tiger Program!' South Chinese tiger isabout 25, but the wild number is so inbred

The Global Wild Tiger Population

1967 words - 8 pages tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) 4.Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni) 5.South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) 6.Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) •Subspecies which are extinct: 1.Bali 2.Javan 3.Caspian tigers Why are tigers getting extinct? Poachers are continuing to exterminate the world's remaining Tigers. New demand across Southeast Asia for the skins, teeth and claws of tigers is endangering much of the great cats

TBalm

2156 words - 9 pages . Though the founder belonged to China, his sons shifted base to Singapore to build the company. A K Han says Singapore was the perfect destination to do business even back then, just as it is today.The ever-growing loyal customer base helped spread the word and neighboring countries like Indonesia, South China, Hong Kong and Malaysia became the first markets to be conquered. Today Thailand, Hong Kong and USA are the big markets for the brand.Tiger

Poaching and Killing Tigers

1914 words - 8 pages . Females are lighter than males (“Tiger”World para.4). The defenders.org states, “There were once nine subspecies of tigers: Bengal, Siberian, Indo-Chinese, South Chinese, Sumatran, Malyan, Caspian, Juvan, and Bail, Of these, the last three are extinct, one is extinct in the wild, and the rest are endangered.” (“Basic”para.1). Furthermore, gestation for a tiger is 103 days. There are usually 3-4 babies in a litter. At 8 weeks the cubs will play

The Tiger

817 words - 3 pages . This species is now extinct. Chinese Tiger (Panthera Tigris Amoyensis) Living in Eastern China, the Chinese tiger's habitat includes forests and rocky mountains. This tiger is extremely endangered. Corbetts or Indochinese Tiger(Panthera Tigris Corbetti) This tiger was named after the famous hunter and author Jim Corbett. The Corbetts tiger is smaller and darker than the Bengal. The Corbetts tiger has short stripes which turn into spots. The range

Predatory felines

1811 words - 7 pages sub species. The tiger is separated into these five, Siberian Tiger, Bengal tiger (white tigers), Indochinese tiger, the South China tiger, and Sumatran tiger. The largest of them all is the Siberian tiger. They call it a man-eater because out of all the big cats in the world the tiger kills more people than all the big cats put together. The reason for so many deaths by the tiger is its temper and the population growth of Asia. People have been

The Panthera Tigris

1905 words - 8 pages usually hunted for the other animals such as bovids and deer. Tigers are commonly social animals but territorial and generally solitary. IUCN had classified the tiger as the endangered species as there are only six tiger subspecies remaining such as Bengal tiger, Indochinese tiger, Malayan tiger, Siberian tiger, South China tiger and Sumatran tiger. The declining of the tiger in the wild is mostly because of the deforestation, poaching and

Report on Tigers

1023 words - 5 pages are only about 300 of them left in the wild. The South China tiger is the rarest of the subspecies, no one has seen this tiger in the wild for many years. There are only about fifty of them living in zoos in China. Tiger population is also decreasing because of habitat loss, and because of people clearing land for farms and factories, meaning less room for them to hunt and live. In the early 1900’s there were almost 100,000 thousand tigers in the

Abundant to Endangered: The Tiger

1077 words - 5 pages conflicts. Many cultures in Eastern Asia where the tigers reside have folk tales and superstitions that involve the tiger, many of which involve killing tigers for medicinal purposes or spiritual gratification. Tigers have been victims of superstition and ancient medicinal remedies for thousands of years, especially in China. The increasing popularity of tigers as exotic pets has also played a part in diminishing the population of the tiger

MULTIPARTY COLLABORATION: ABSOLUTE TERM IN SUMATRAN TIGER CONSERVATION

1324 words - 6 pages rehabilitation center that aims to accommodate and rehabilitate victims of Sumatran tiger conflict, built in South Solok, West Sumatra Province. The expectation, by the rehabilitation center, the Sumatran tiger conflict victims can be helped immediately and have better opportunity to be release back into its natural habitat. TigerHeart volunteer as one of the critical issues in tiger conservation Since it was formed in early 2011, TigerHeart as

Similar Essays

The South China Sea Channels Essay

982 words - 4 pages The South China Sea channels a third of the world’s shipping and is rich with fisheries, oil and gas deposits. It is also one of the most disputed areas in Southeast Asia and there have been scuffles between countries in recent years. Seven sovereign states, namely Brunei, China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Vietnam, have been contending over territory within the region of the South China Sea for centuries. Examples of these

South China Sea Disputes And The Imabalance In Regional Cooperation

2452 words - 10 pages On May 2nd, 2014 the Chinese National Offshore Oil Cooperation’s oil rig Haiyang Shiyou-981 (HS981) began drilling in disputed waters just off the coast of the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea. The drilling was met with outrage by both the Vietnamese government and its people who claim that the People’s Republic of China is drilling in waters belonging to Vietnams Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). China responds stating the waters as

Pursuing An Economic Security Agenda: Offensive Realism And China In The South China Sea Dispute

2199 words - 9 pages This South China Sea dispute has been described as “mother of all territorial disputes” (Baviera 2004: 505). In the post cold-war era, it is ex Background to the South China Sea Dispute. For centuries, countries have quarrelled over territory in the South China Sea, but the area has recently seen resurgence in tensions. This upsurge has caused international concern that the area is becoming a tinderbox with potential global consequences. The

Countering The People’s Republic Of China’s (Prc) Aggressive Influence Within The South China Seas (Scs)

815 words - 4 pages DECISION PAPER Subject: Countering the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) aggressive influence within the South China Seas (SCS) 1. Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to propose a course of action to counter the PRC’s aggressive influence within the SCS specifically regarding the ongoing territorial disputes. 2. Key Points. a. Ongoing territorial disputes between the PRC and other SCS states demonstrate a resurgence of aggressive PRC