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The Soviet Union During The Cold War

1031 words - 4 pages

There is no doubt that the Internet is the precursor of today’s technology. Thanks to this, we are able to get any kind of information in fraction of seconds with the benefit of downloading it, or send it forward to other people. However, the transferring of data from one point to another could not be efficient without a router. According to CISCO, the router “acts as a dispatcher, choosing the best path for information to travel so it’s received quickly.” In the daily life, a router basically operates the same way as post offices. Both receive packets, analyze the addresses and then send them forward to the correct destinations. All of this process makes the transportation of information faster and secure on a wide network.
There are speculations whether the Internet was a product of military defense against the Soviet Union during the Cold War or was just a development of an idea. Certainly, the beginnings of the Internet began with the Advance Research Project Network, as well known as ARPA . According to www.nethistory.info: “ARPANET was about time-sharing. Time sharing tried to make it possible for research institutions to use the processing power of other institutions’ computer when they had large calculations to do that required more power.” These researchers and scientist were trying to find a way in which they could connect different computers at the same time with the purpose to share information and resources. Therefore, they could minimize the time of processing information. Throughout the development of this research, ARPA gave birth the idea of Packet Switching, which consists of dividing the information in smaller parts. For this reason, the name packet is attributed to the information we send from a source to a destination. All these ideas made possible the creation of protocols, which is a set of rules that determine the method of data exchange on the network. However, packets would get lost trying to get from one place to another because they had to pass through all the different points on the network until they reach to their predetermined destinations. Some of them would get lost on the network or would arrive at different places other than their destination. As this happened, it consumed more time for the information to travel.
The router is the device responsible to transfer the information to the intended destination. The router transfers information from one router to another using a layer 3 of the OSI (Open System Interconnection) model through packets from the source to destination. It can go to one building to another via serial lines (telephone lines). In order to do so, the router reads the IP (Internet Protocol) address of the packets. This address is assigned to each router. Each information packet sent from a computer is seen by all the other routers on the local network. Each router then examines the packet and decides whether it was meant for its address. By doing so, the router avoids data clogging on the...

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