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The Space Race Essay

1816 words - 7 pages

The United States and Russia were advancing throughout the Cold War, and a major advancement was the exploration. Sciences were exponential during the 1950s, and both countries were rivals which expelled the competition to the moon. It involved the efforts to explore outer space with artificial satellites, to send humans into space, and to land them on the Moon. Both countries were exponentially at growth with nuclear powers. “The sense of a "race" was largely abandoned by both sides, further space exploration by both countries continued, but without the Cold War fervor over which society was the most technologically advanced” (Veve). After World War II the Soviet Union and the United States realized how important rocket research would be in the military. The cold war was a rivalry that led to a buildup of arms, both nations developed extensive nuclear weapons programs. There was fear in which the other would harbor over the world and the fear was in full force when space travel began. The United States and the Soviets made nuclear rockets to test there capability in traveling half way around the world, they were known as intercontinental ballistic missiles, or ICBMs. The nuclear rockets began the technology advancement in NASA program (Evans). The space exploration was a distraction from nuclear war and weapons. The space race raised cold war tensions, and made the United States work harder for success against the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union launched a surprise missile the "Sputnik" on October 4, 1957, to orbit the Earth meanwhile initiating the competition between the two countries. Both countries had a large amount of explorations throughout the race, the history of the space race rivalry started from World War II and which the country would win the nuclear weapons and, also technology. In 1958 the United States countered with the Explorer 1. They also countered with Pioneer 4, excursions with monkeys, and finally reached their first orbit around the Earth in 1962. Throughout the race with the Soviets, the Soviet Union seemed to get ahead but the United States had better technology. The United States were ahead in a different sense, by having won because they were advanced enough and were the first to have a shuttle and a man travel to the moon and back successfully during the time period.
The space exploration appointed many scientific and technical problems with National Aeronautics and Space Administration. One major problem that NASA had to work through at the preliminary stage and was trying to develop rockets that could carry machines and humans into space. As time went on, and they got more into the exploration an array of problems arise. NASA had trouble with the programing and designing the space craft to make it work while being poorly funded. In addition, the first airlift of the Challenger exploded after airlift killing the members aboard due to the poor programming. They were forcing the orbit around the moon and earth on...

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