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The Spanish Civil War Essay

2324 words - 10 pages

The Spanish Civil War occurred in Spain, during the years of 1936-1939 primarily. This Civil War was a result of a military revolt against the government, which was Republican, controlling Spain at the time. This military revolt was lead by a military coup, which tried to take control of the entire country of Spain, failing, beginning the Civil War. Just as in any other Civil War, there were two sides fighting against one another, the Nationalists and the Fascists. The Nationalists were also known as the rebels, receiving aid from Nazi Germany and Fascists Italy. The Republicans, the other side of the war, were receiving aid from the Soviet Union, Europe, and the United States. While, this Civil War did start as a result from the failed attempt of the rebels to take over the country, they had reasons behind their revolting. The Civil War was a result of the lives of the citizens and the politics, in Spain, that had been building up over the several previous years. There was a difference of social and economic standing between the Nationalists and Fascists. The Nationalists/rebels were higher up in society, being the Roman Catholics, military men, landowners, and businessmen. On the other hand, the Republicans/Fascist were the educated middle class, being the urban workers of the country. It was seen that the Nationalists were somewhat better compared to the Fascists because of the positions they held compared to the others.
The rebels continued their fighting, eventually leading to the capturing of major regions of Spain, such as the Canary Islands in July of 1936. The rebels capturing land and claiming it as their own lead to the retaliation of the Fascist party to do the same, leading each side to protect their land from attacks and planning their own attacks against one another. All of this fighting throughout the span of the Civil War lead to a great deal of violence; it has been expected that the Nationalists had lead to the Republicans having a higher death toll. This could be because the Nationalists were the rebels, who wanted to take over the country, and were willing to basically do anything and everything to have control of the government of Spain and the country itself. During the Civil War, one man took control over the Nationalists party, being named head of state, and setting up a government of his own. This leader was Francisco Franco. Similarly, the Republicans named Francisco Largo Caballero as their leader. The Nationalists were seen as the anarchists and extreme socialists; the Fascists were seen as the moderate socialists and republicans. This is where their views in government differed, the Nationalists wanted to be more social and have an anarchy, a line of royalty, where the Fascists wanted a moderate social government with a republic. This is what the Fascists were fighting to protect, the Republic government of Spain.
The Nationalists fighting against the Republic slowly began to move closer towards the city of...

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