The Spanish Inquisition In the year 1469 there was a union between the Spanish kingdoms,
Aragon and Castile. This union would ignite the darkest moment of
Spanish history, the Spanish Inquisition. Ferdinand of Aragon married
Isabella I of Castile, in hopes of obtaining the Castilian crown.
Isabella's high-spirited and politically astute personality enabled
her to retain sovereign authority in her own realm, they became known
as the Spanish Kings. At the time, Spain was a nation-state created
out of religious struggle between numerous religions. Both being of
Catholic descent Ferdinand and Isabella decided to unite Spain through
making Catholicism the official religion of the nation. Many reasons
why they chose to make Spain a Catholic nation was so they could
eliminate the Jewish, Muslim and Protestant competition. The people of
these faiths would have to either convert or face impending death or
exile if they decided to stay. The Spanish Inquisition stems from both
greed and anti-Semitic feelings. The Jewish at the time most of the
nation financially, held powerful positions and highly influential.
So, by eliminating them, the monarchy would be able to add more to the
nations treasury, gain more power and ultimately control over the
citizens. There were no reliable witnesses or evidence that could have
been provided against the "criminals". The Catholic Church was forced
to accept the majority amount of the blame for the Spanish
inquisition, even though members of the Catholic Church were also
victims to the inquisition.
The Catholic Church is said to have played a major role in the Spanish
inquisition, which is not true. After most of the non-Catholics were
persecuted and exiled, the inquisitors started to focus their
attention on the Catholics. It is true that in the year 1478, Pope
Sixtus IV had given permission to the Spanish rulers to "purify" the
people of Spain. However, on April 18th 1482, he proposed a new Papal
Bull, and accused the Inquisition in Aragon-Catalonia to be one that
was not focused on heresy and salvation of souls, but rather on
greed-seeking profit. He noted that "true and faithful Christians"
were being imprisoned, tortured and condemned as heretics on false
testimonies made by enemies, rivals, envious people etc. An example is
in the year 1635 Pedro Ginesta, a man over 80 years of age of French
origin was brought before the tribunal of Barcelona by a comrade for
having supposedly eaten a meal of bacon and onions on a day of
abstinence. Of all the popes that existed during the...